Symptoms of pink hair loss in humans and treatment of the disease
Pink lichen( Zhibera's disease) is a dermatological disease characterized by the appearance of pink spots on the skin.The disease is more common in the age group of 20-40 years.In children, pink lichen occupies 3.5% of the total structure of skin incidence, and at the age of two years is very rare.Contents: Causes of pink depriving Symptoms of pink depriving Diagnosis Treatment of pink lichen
Causes of pink depriving
Pink lichen is of an infectious-allergic nature.Scientists fail to identify the causative agent of the disease.Presumably pink lichen is caused by viruses, in particular, herpes of type 6 and 7. The disease occurs after hypothermia, transferred to ARI, as well as vaccination.
For pink lichen is characterized by an increase in the incidence of the spring and autumn.Despite the fact that it is an infectious disease, infection from a sick person is very rare.This is possible only in cases when a person who is in contact with a patient reduces the activity of the immune system, for example, against the background of colds.
Symptoms of pink lichen
The disease begins with a worsening of general health, weakness, chills, headache, an increase in cervical and submandibular lymph nodes.However, often these symptoms are very weak, and therefore remain unnoticed by patients.In 80% of cases on the body appears oval pinkish-red center, slightly raised above the surface of the skin.Its dimensions can reach two to five centimeters in diameter.The spot in medicine has acquired the name of "mother plaque".In the center, the plaque turns yellow and begins to peel off.The primary focus can occur on any part of the body, but most likely on the chest, abdomen, back, hips.Sometimes the mother plaque is absent or on the contrary, several foci appear.
After a week or two, many erythema-squamous oval pinkish spots appear in the body, up to three centimeters in diameter.There are rashes along the lines of the Langer - conditional borders on the skin, indicating the direction of its greatest extensibility.The center of the rashes is paler.Peeling is maximally expressed at the border of the central and peripheral zones in the form of a typical collar.
Eruptions appear on the chest, stomach, back, hips.The face and limbs usually remain unaffected.However, in children, individual elements of the rash can appear on the face, scalp, neck.
Reverse development of skin elements begins with blanching, exfoliation in the central part.Gradually, the corolla of hyperemia disappears.Depigmentation remains at the site of the rash.Little by little the skin becomes normal.
It is noteworthy that the skin elements appear on the skin with flashes, so that the rashes on the body can be at different stages of their development.In a couple of weeks, up to ten such outbreaks can occur.
There can be observed atypical forms of pink lichen, when the skin appears papules, vesicles, blisters.But in any case with pink deprive skin elements are located along the lines of Langer.
Often, rashes do not disturb patients in any way.But some patients( especially in children) have skin itching, burning, which can be quite pronounced.
Please note : when using aggressive medicines, skin rubbing on clothing, frequent bathing with sponges, the pathological process can spread to other parts of the body, as well as the attachment of bacterial flora to the development of purulent skin lesions.
The duration of the disease is on average 4-6 weeks, but it can be up to 8 weeks.After recovery, long-term immunity persists.
Diagnosis of pink lichen
The diagnosis of pink lichen is made after examination, if the doctor manages to find the mother plaque, as well as the characteristic location of the skin elements.However, similar erythematous eruptions can be observed in other dermatological diseases.Therefore, the doctor must conduct a differential diagnosis of the pathological condition.It is necessary to perform a microscopic examination of scales of rashes to exclude mycosis.To refute syphilis, you need to undergo a serological examination of the blood.
Treatment of pink lichen
Many dermatologists believe that pink deprive does not require active treatment at all, as spontaneous recovery occurs on the fourth to sixth week. In case of uncomplicated course of the disease, the patient should be guided by general recommendations:
- Restrict water procedures.Allowed to shower, but do not rub the skin with washcloths or overdry with soap and gel.
- Limit exposure to exposed sunlight.
- It is necessary to refrain from wearing synthetic as well as woolen clothes.
- To adhere to the hypoallergenic diet, excluding citrus, chocolate, honey, eggs, fish, nuts, coffee, spirits.
But if the disease affects the general condition of the patient, there is severe itching or attachment of a bacterial infection, it is necessary to move on to medical treatment.
For the treatment of pink lichen use the following:
- Antihistamines( suprastin, tavegil);
- Hyposensitizing agents( calcium chloride, calcium pantothenate);
- Glucocorticosteroids for topical application in the form of ointments, emulsions( hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1%, betamethasone dipropionate 0.025%( 0.5%);
- Bolts containing zinc, 2% boric acid, 2% naphthalene;
- Antibacterial ointments forAttachment of bacterial flora
Grigorova Valeriya, medical reviewer