What is scrapie: symptoms and treatment
Poces is a disease that every person should know about, because it does not have age, sex and social strips in its distribution.Table of contents: Kinds of prurigo and their signs Methods of treatment of pruritis Treatment of prurigo by folk methods Nutrition in pruritus
Types of prurigo and their signs
In medicine, there are 4 main types of the disease under consideration:
- Baby prurigo.Typically, occurs in children aged 6 months-5 years, especially often diagnosed in those patients who have a history of allergic reactions to any stimulus. Characteristic symptoms of prurigo in children:
- small knotty nodules with the size of a pinhead appear on the skin;
- on the surface of each nodule there is a vial with transparent contents;
- at the base of the nodule there is a thickening, which strongly itches;
- nodules with bubbles are added at night;
- the child's body temperature rises periodically;
- the patient becomes capricious, irritable;
- older children may complain of a headache;
- nodules and vesicles never merge, but have clear boundaries.
- Acicosis of adults.Most often, the disease is diagnosed in middle-aged women( 30-40 years old), it can develop with a history of childhood pruritus or be an independent, suddenly developed pathology.This disease can also arise against diabetes mellitus, progressive malignant neoplasms, digestive system disorders, common internal diseases.
- Pochesuha Bienier. Characteristics of this kind of prurigo:
medium sized nodules appear on the skin;
- all rashes have a dense consistency and a yellowish-brown hue;
- nodules never merge and have clear boundaries;
- the disease proceeds in chronic form;
- recurrences of pruritis Bienier occur against the background of a viral illness( flu, cold).
- Nodular pruritis.A very rare type of the disease under consideration is more often diagnosed in men aged 40 years and more. Characteristic features of gnarled pruritis:
- nodules have the largest size of all listed pruritus - from 5 mm to 2 cm;
- the largest nodes are formed on the front surface of the shin and / or extensor surface of the forearm;
- nodules are spherical and dark red;
- clearly distinguish the knots around the knots.
Methods for treating pruritus
Treatment of the disease in question must start with diagnostic measures - it is necessary to establish a provoking factor in each case of the disease, to eliminate it and only then the treatment will be successful.
If pruritus occurs in childhood or in a woman during pregnancy and breastfeeding, then they need to undergo examinations for the presence / absence of helminths in the body.It is worm infestation most often accompanied by an allergic reaction, so the sudden development of prurigo may be due to this factor.If the disease in question develops against the background of pathologies of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract or other body systems, the doctor first prescribes a course of treatment for them, and then therapeutic measures are taken in relation to the prurigo.
General recommendations for the treatment of prurigo:
- patients are prescribed antihistamines and sedatives;
- it is necessary to take vitamin therapy - prescribe vitamins A, C, B and P;
- if the treatment of childhood pruritus is being treated, special attention should be paid to the level of calcium in the body and, if it is insufficient, to take specific drugs;
- in the absence of positive dynamics in long-term treatment, patients are prescribed glucocorticosteroid agents in a minimum dosage;
- for external use use ointments based on zinc and glucocorticosteroids and / or water-zinc blisters;
- the existing bubbles on the nodules need to be opened and applied to them with green or fukortsin;
- the doctor appoints Geocorton or Lokakorten ointments when forming crusts in the places of the opened vesicles.
Please note: patients with pruritus should undergo ultraviolet irradiation, and a good effect of treatment gives rest on the seaside.
Treatment of prurigo with folk methods
In folk medicine, there are several recipes that will help get rid of the unpleasant symptoms of the disease in question.Of course, you will need to consult your attending physician - after all, treatment of pruritus at any age should be controlled by medical personnel.
The most effective folk remedies for prurigo:
- Yarrow.It can be used to treat prurigo in two ways:
- fresh leaves of the plant pour boiling water, and after 10-15 minutes squeeze them and apply to affected areas of skin in the form of lotions;
- take 50 g of dry yarrow and pour 1 liter of boiling water, insist for 10 minutes and pour the resulting infusion into the bath.After taking a bath with such a means can not be wiped( the body let it dry), the laundry needs to be changed.
- Celery.It is necessary to take fresh roots of this vegetable, grind them and pour boiling water in the proportion of 1 tablespoon of raw material per 250 ml of liquid.The resulting mass can be used as a lotion to the nodules, and can be combined with vegetable oil in a proportion of 1: 3 and lubricate the affected skin areas - this will relieve the itching and relieve inflammation.
- Wormwood bitter.Her juice helps to get rid of strong itching and redness in the lesions - you just need to lubricate them with juice.You can take 1 tablespoon chopped herb wormwood and pour a glass of boiling water, insist 2-3 weeks - this tool is useful in the winter season.
- An ordinary burdock.The most simple use is to take a leaf of the plant, lower it for 2-3 minutes in boiling water and attach it to the affected area of the skin, fixed for 2-3 hours.You can make an ointment from a tablespoon of powdered burdock root and the same amount of medical Vaseline, and you need to use it after a bath with decoction of oak bark.
Nutrition in pruritus
Doctors believe that nutrition is an important point in the treatment of the disease in question - it must be balanced and fortified.
If prurigo is diagnosed in young children who are injected with lure in the form of vegetable purees, then before feeding it, it is necessary to give 1-2 tea spoons of expressed breast milk( even if the baby does not already breastfeed).This will help reduce the sensitivity of the body to lure.
The adult diet of the patient should consist of vegetables and fruits, fish and fermented milk products. In principle, there are no strict restrictions on food, but you must adhere to the following rules:
- to limit the amount of salt used, and it is desirable to completely abandon it;
- animal fats are best replaced with sunflower oil;
- to abandon food rich in carbohydrates - baking, pasta, potatoes;
- give preference not to fatty foods, foods cooked by steaming or baking.
Pococcus is a rather unpleasant disease that not only changes a person's appearance, but also has a direct effect on the psycho-emotional background, the rhythm of life.Only competent treatment and observance of all the recommendations of the attending physician will allow to completely get rid of this pathology.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapist of the highest qualification category