Headache in the temples: what to do
Jun 03, 2018
Almost 80% of patients come to see a doctor with complaints of regularly appearing pain in the temples.Such pains are very unpleasant, the hands automatically stretch towards the temples, I want to squeeze, mash and rub them.Pain in the temples can be single, and can constantly disturb a person.The intensity of the type of pain under consideration is so pronounced that even very strong people, ready to endure any discomfort, are forced to take pain medications.And this, in principle, is not forbidden!But even if the pains in the temples are periodic and the painkillers have the proper effect, it is worth to visit the doctor and find out the cause of the condition under consideration - it can be a symptom of a progressive pathology.Table of contents:
Causes of headache in the temples
This term is used by doctors to classify disorders of the vascular tone, and pathological changes can affect both venous and arterial vessels.The pain is localized not only in the temples, it often extends to the nape and frontal part.
- weakness of the upper and lower extremities;
- numbness of fingers;
- decreased memory and smell;
- with insomnia;
- by a noise in the ears.
Pain in the temples with cerebral angiodystonia will be characterized as aching and dull, with a feeling of "aches".Against the background of pain, spontaneous depression can occur, a sense of losing control over your emotions.
Intoxication of the body is characterized not only by pain in the temporal region of the head, but also by nausea, vomiting, stool disorder, intestinal colic, weakness.Especially intense, temporal pains occur when alcoholic beverages are poisoned.
This condition can be present when poisoning with formaldehyde, phthalates, bisphenol A, styrene - these all toxic substances are present in poor-quality building materials, toys, furniture, household appliances.
Note: chronic body poisoning leads not only to constant pain in the temples, but also to pathological lesions of internal organs and systems.And this is fraught with the development of acute cardiovascular diseases, impaired liver and kidney function.
These are failures in the functions of the human body, which are normally performed automatically.In principle, such violations can concern all systems and organs, but the headache in the temples provokes the syndrome of cerebrovascular disorders.For this, the syndrome will be characterized by symptoms of dizziness, tinnitus and frequent fainting.
Note: increased intracranial pressure can lead to the development of severe, life-incompatible complications.Pain in the temples is the first symptom of pathology, it should not be ignored and "drowned out" with pain medication.
Elevated blood pressure
If temporal pain occurs in people over the age of 50, this is likely to indicate an increase in blood pressure.The nature of pain will be pulsating and / or oppressive, a phenomenon often considered is associated with changes in weather conditions, overwork, emotional outbursts and magnetic storms.Hypertension is almost always accompanied not only by temporal pain, but also by the severity / noise in the head, pain in the heart, weakness and shortness of breath.
This disease is characterized by the development of the inflammatory process on the membranes of the carotid and temporal arteries, people over 50 years of age are more likely to be affected by such disorders.This disease develops acutely - the patient is disturbed by general malaise, fever, insomnia.Headache in the temples against the background of temporal arteritis is characterized as pulsating, intense, it occurs in the night or in the afternoon, there can be an acute attack of the condition in question during conversation or chewing.
With such a disease, the pain in the temples is not just present, it literally wears out with its intensity.Pain with migraine is always throbbing, may be present in the left or right temple, the duration of the attack can be several minutes and several hours - this indicator is individual.There are no organic lesions with migraine, but the symptomatology is always very pronounced.Provoke another attack of migraines may overwork, lack of sleep and excessive use of sharp and salty foods.
In addition to pain in the temples, the migraine is characterized by :
- loss of spatial orientation;
- Hypersensitivity to odors and sounds.
Neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve
In this case, the nerve fibers of the skull are affected, such a disease, as a rule, affects people over the age of 40 years.If neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve proceeds in a chronic form, then it manifests itself as attacks of intense pain in the temples with lumbago durations of 10-120 seconds.The attack occurs spontaneously - for example, during a conversation, when washing or shaving.
They have a serial manifestation, they can be repeated several times throughout the day.As a rule, an attack of cluster pain in the temples begins with the laying of the ear on one side, then the intensity of pain increases, there is an acute pulsation in the temple.Against the backdrop of cluster pain, reddening of the face, blockage of the nasal cavity, and a sharp increase in sweating are necessary.
In addition, to provoke the appearance of pain in the temples can:
- Head trauma.In principle, it is difficult to miss during the diagnosis, as the patient will point to a fall or a blow to the head in the recent past.Unfortunately, not everyone applies for medical help with a head injury, and this can lead to the development of serious complications.Pain in the temples after a head injury can indicate the development of any violations.
- Infectious diseases.With angina, influenza, pain in the temples is a secondary symptom and does not affect the overall clinical picture.In this case, the phenomenon under consideration will be temporary and immediately after recovery will disappear.
- Overvoltage.Aching, compressive pain in the temples can appear after a hard day's work.Such pain will be pulsating, accompanied by a sense of heaviness and compression of the head, are often present in office workers who work long hours at the computer.
Headache in the temples: what to do
This phenomenon not only brings discomfort to a person's life, but can also be a symptom of a dangerous pathological condition. If the temporal pain occurs regularly, it is worthwhile to seek qualified medical help from the neurologist .A specialist after a full-fledged examination will diagnose, identify the cause of the pain in the temples and prescribe an effective treatment.
In general, the methods for eliminating pain in the temples directly depend on the cause of their appearance:
- If the pain occurs against the background of migraine, it is stopped with special medications from the group of triptans and ergotamines.Many patients develop migraine as usual Aspirin, but there will be no effect from this drug, since migraines( and pain in the temples against it) will be able to stop only those drugs that eliminate the sharp narrowing of the arteries.
- Temporal pain with high blood pressure is not removed by any analgesics.As a rule, the doctor will prescribe special drugs that can normalize and stabilize blood pressure.In most cases, such therapy will need to be adhered to throughout life.
- If the pains in the temples appear only with a nervous overstrain, then this will indicate the "triggering" of the psychogenic factor.In this case, get rid of discomfort will help psychotherapy, aromatherapy, an excellent solution to the problem will be sanatorium treatment.
- Treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia, which is characterized by temporal pains as well, includes the carrying out of physiotherapeutic procedures, the appointment of phytotherapy and drugs that can normalize the tone of blood vessels.
It should be noted that to eliminate pain in the temples of unexplained etiology and temporary arrest of the attack, it is possible to take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which include Ibuprofen, Aspirin.They will remove the inflammatory reaction, eliminate the side symptoms.But this solution is temporary!Referring to a doctor is mandatory, because non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs eliminate specifically pain, but not the cause of its appearance.
Pain in the temples can also be of a non-specific nature, that is, it can occur after too much emotional shock or a busy day. And in this case you do not need to take any medications, just do the following:
- lie in a horizontal position in the room with darkened windows;
- turn off the loud music, try to relax;
- include aroma lamp - the aromas of orange, apple and vanilla will help to soothe your psycho-emotional background as much as possible.
Pain in the temples can be spontaneous, but can be present constantly.This condition most often indicates the development of pathology, which can be quite serious and proceed with complications.Do not risk your own health and take painkillers without a prior medical appointment, you must go through the examination and identify the true cause of pain in the temples.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapeutist of the highest qualification category