Poisoning by fish: symptoms and treatment
Jun 07, 2018
The consumption of fish, as, indeed, other products, requires careful consideration of the quality of the "source material".If this recommendation is ignored, poisoning with fish, which is characterized by severe course and prolonged treatment, can occur.Table of contents:
Classification of fish poisoning
In medicine, two types of the examined state are distinguished.
Cholera-type fish poisoning
This form of pathology can be triggered by eating poisonous fish and seafood that are capable of producing poisonous toxins.The salmon is the most vivid example - in spite of the fact that this kind of fish is expensive, poisoning is most often diagnosed to them, but this is due to the accumulation of a large number of pathogenic microorganisms in the tissues / muscles of salmon.
Symptoms of fish poisoning of a cholera-like species are:
- a constant thirst sensation;
- spasms and muscle cramps;
- in the area of the stomach;
- acute attacks of pain in the area of the anatomical location of the intestine( intestinal colic);
- panic fear / attack;
- nausea and vomiting.
Paralytic fish poisoning
This form of the condition in question occurs most often, spoiled fish, insufficiently salted or smoked, can provoke paralysis poisoning.By the way, spoiled fish will have a negative impact on human health, even if it is well fried or cooked.
Paralytic fish poisoning is characterized by specific, characteristic symptoms.These include nausea and vomiting, severe thirst, severe dehydration, diarrhea( diarrhea).
Fish poisoning of the fryfish family
The most famous representative of this family is the Fugu fish.Usually, poisoning occurs after a person has consumed the milk or liver of this fish.Moreover, the symptoms of poisoning develop rapidly - a maximum of half an hour later numbness of the oral cavity, then it spreads throughout the body.Due to the acute defeat of the fugu fish, the organs of the gastrointestinal tract appear uncontrollable vomiting.
Please note: can only be helped by a specialist when poisoning with a fish from a puffer-brewing family, so if there is even a slight numbness in the oral cavity, immediately call an ambulance team.But in most cases even emergency medical care does not help and a person dies.
First aid for fish poisoning
To minimize the negative effect of toxins that have got into the body when using fish, it is necessary to conduct some "activities", which belong to the category of pre-medical care.
The body usually sends a signal to clean the stomach.But even intense vomiting will not be enough to completely purify the stomach.Therefore, after the first attack of vomiting, a person should drink at least half a liter of warm water( you can add salt, add a little baking soda or potassium permanganate).In this case, with the next attack of vomiting, the main quantity of food masses will leave the stomach, but this washing should be carried out until the vomiting looks like water.
Please note : Do not specifically induce vomiting.If the body itself does not give signals to purify the stomach, then most likely the spoiled fish has already "left" it and is in the intestine.
Compensation for lack of fluids in the body
Vomiting and diarrhea( diarrhea) are protective reactions of the body, but even if toxins are released from the body with their help, a negative effect will also be produced - some fluid is lost that must be replenished.Doctors recommend after each attack of vomiting or diarrhea to use at least 200 ml of liquid - this can be mineral still water, glucose-brine or ordinary water.
Purification of the intestine in a natural way
Many people make a mistake in poisoning with fish - with repeated diarrhea they take fixing funds.But it is diarrhea that displays the maximum amount of toxins.If there is stagnant stool in the intestine, it will lead to a massive absorption of toxins by the walls of the intestine, and no one has canceled the rotting processes.
Note: use of antidiarrhoeal drugs is allowed only as directed by a physician.
Poisoning by fish often occurs in mild form, or in moderate severity of the course. Therefore, most of the victims are treated out-patient, but there are a number of situations that require the immediate placement of a patient in a hospital.Such dangerous situations include:
- diarrhea occurs 10 times a day or more;
- has a high body temperature, which persists on the second day of the disease;
- rapidly growing weakness;
- with diarrhea excreted feces with blood;
- vomiting is indomitable.
Note: if the child has been poisoned by the fish, then there is no question of any treatment at home.Immediately, with the appearance of the first symptoms, you must call the ambulance.
Medical treatment for fish poisoning
The treatment strategy is tailored to the individual patient individually.Of course, there are general principles for the treatment of patients who enter the hospital with signs of fish poisoning:
- Rehydration therapy.Oralitis, Litrosol, Regidron or Chlorazole is administered orally to the patient.In some cases, rehydration solutions are administered parenterally - doctors choose Trisol, Lactosol, Acesol or Chlosol for this procedure.
- Assignment of enterosorbents.The use of this group of medicines is advisable only in the absence of vomiting, enterosorbents are taken 2 hours after the use of other medicines.The most effective for poisoning fish enterosorbents include black / white coal, Polyphepanum, Enterosgel, Smecta.Anesthetics.
- Anesthetic therapy.Doctors prescribe antispasmodics only in the event that when poisoning the fish patients complain of intense pain syndrome.In this case, there will be effective No-shpa, Spaspan, Drotaverin and Spazmalgon.
After the main therapy is completed and the patient's condition is normal, it will be necessary to conduct therapy aimed at restoring the intestinal microflora.As a rule, the patient has to take Bifiform, Linex, Entererojmerina, Bifidumbacterin.
Note: is never prescribed antibacterial preparations for fish poisoning.Antipyretic therapy is also very rare, only if poisoning with fish is accompanied by high body temperature.
Treatment of fish poisoning with folk remedies
We immediately mention that the use of any folk remedies for the treatment of fish poisoning is allowed only in case of mild course of the disease and after consulting a doctor.
This famous spice is considered a natural antispasmodic and a natural sorbent.To prepare medicinal infusion, pour half a teaspoon of cinnamon with 200 ml of boiling water, hold for 15 minutes and drain.Take infusion of cinnamon in a warm form, drink in small sips, the daily dose is a maximum of one and a half liters.
This is an excellent tool that helps to shorten the time of recovery, quickly restores strength.If the roots of the althea are available, they should be crushed, take half a teaspoon of raw material and pour 150 ml of boiling water.Infused for 30 minutes and taken for 1 tablespoon 4 times a day, previously adding a total amount of infusion of a little honey( to improve the taste).If the leaves and flowers of the althea are used, they are poured into 2 cups of boiling water in the amount of 2 tablespoons and infused for at least 4 hours.Take infusion of flowers and leaves of the althea as tea at least 3 times a day
Dill and honey
Dill broth facilitates the course of vomiting, but does not stop attacks.Honey, in turn, keeps the body in the potassium and promotes rapid elimination of toxins.Prepare a remedy simply: you need to take a teaspoon of dill seeds, pour a half cups of boiling water and insist no more than 5 minutes.Then the agent is boiled for 2 minutes, filtered, and a teaspoon of honey is put in it.Take a dill decoction with honey throughout the day, the total dose is 1 liter.
Wormwood and Yarrow
These plants help to cleanse the body of toxins.It is necessary to take in equal proportions dry wormwood and yarrow( 1 teaspoon) and pour 500 ml of boiling water, insist 15 minutes.Then the resulting infusion is filtered and taken within a day, evenly distributing the total volume for several receptions.
Nutrition during the recovery period
When a fish is poisoned, during an acute period of the disease, a person has no appetite.But as soon as the medical measures are taken, the patient begins to experience hunger.Of course, people need to eat, but it is important to adjust its diet so that the affected digestive system is subjected to minimal stress.For example, a few days after poisoning you can not eat fatty meat, milk and any dairy products, spicy foods and alcoholic beverages are also prohibited.
Food should be a fraction, you should eat a small amount of food for one meal.All dishes are prepared only in a dietary form, you can not fry anything.Of the side dishes, the best option is potatoes and risk.
In the recovery phase it is important to comply with the drinking regime - green tea with lemon, broth of wild rose, chamomile tea should be consumed regularly, at least one and a half liters per day.
Prevention of fish poisoning
Of course, you can prevent the condition in question - just follow certain rules for eating fish. Prevention of fish poisoning are:
- observance of the shelf life of fish products;
- eliminating repeated thawing of fish( once it thaws, the meat begins to deteriorate quickly);
- when buying fish, pay attention to its appearance - peeling scales, dull eyes and bloated stomach indicates a danger;
- should be thoroughly heat treated;
- can not eat fish dishes that are stored for more than 3 days even in a refrigerator.
Poisoning by fish is a serious condition that involves the provision of qualified medical care.If there are primary symptoms of poisoning, it should be urgently addressed to specialists, which will help to avoid the development of severe consequences of exposure to toxins on the body.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapist of the highest qualification category