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MR abdomena i retroperitonealnog prostora


MRI of organs located in the abdominal and retroperitoneal regions is a modern diagnostic procedure that gives an opportunity to study the functional state of blood vessels, lymph nodes and nerve endings in the abdominal area.This technique is characterized by high informativeness and maximum safety for the patient.

Table of contents: Brief description of the technique of MRI of the abdominal cavity: which organs are tested?Who is being diagnosed?To whom is the procedure contraindicated?Preparatory activities How is the study going?Advantages of the

methodology Brief description of the

procedure Magnetic resonance imaging allows you to assess the functioning and structure of the abdominal organs, their shape, location and size.Also, this procedure helps to detect pathological processes at the earliest stages, to determine the degree of damage to closely located organs.

Important ! MRI is very important in the fight against oncological diseases of the peritoneum, because it allows to identify the tumor formation at the earliest stages of formation, and also to track the dynamics of the pathological process and the effectiveness of the therapy!

Diagnostics is carried out by the use of powerful magnetic fields.This method gives more accurate and reliable results than other diagnostic procedures( for example, radiography or ultrasound).

In this magnetic resonance imaging is the maximum safety for the patient's health, because during the procedure the patient is not exposed to radiation even in the smallest quantities!

Unlike biopsy and other types of studies of the abdominal cavity, the technique of magnetic resonance imaging is absolutely non-invasive, painless and does not require surgical interventions.

Important ! Magnetic resonance imaging is mandatory for dubious and contradictory results obtained during CT and ultrasound examination.

MRI of the abdominal cavity: which organs are tested?

During the MRI of the abdominal and retroperitoneal areas, the specialist examines the functional state of the following internal organs:

  • stomach;
  • liver;
  • intestine( thick and thin);
  • spleen;
  • receptacles;
  • lymph nodes;
  • biliary tract;
  • pancreas.

Note: also undergoes renal tissue structures, adrenal and genitourinary systems, bone tissues of the lumbar and thoracic spine in this diagnostic procedure, which allows to obtain a complete clinical picture.

With this diagnostic method, the abdominal and retroperitoneal space can be examined according to the following indications:

  1. Akcija-na-kompleksnyj-prijem-gastroenterologa Shape, size and arrangement of organs.
  2. The presence of processes of inflammatory origin.
  3. Structure of ribs, thorax, lumbar and thoracic spine.
  4. Presence of parasites, their number.
  5. The presence of tumoral neoplasms.
  6. Blood vessels and functioning of circulatory processes in the abdominal area.
  7. Pathological modifications of nerve tissue structures responsible for the normal functioning of the genitourinary and digestive system, the musculoskeletal system.
  8. Traumatic injury.
  9. Availability of processes of infectious genesis.

Important ! If the total MRI of the abdominal cavity showed the presence of changes in the pathological character, then a direct scan of the diseased organ is carried out!Who is assigned the diagnosis?

Doctors recommend an MRI of the abdominal cavity and the area of ​​the retroperitoneal space if the patient has the following clinical indications :

  • pancreatitis;
  • hepatitis;
  • increase in the size of the spleen, liver;
  • ascites;
  • traumatic organ damage;
  • inflammatory processes;
  • Mrt tumor neoplasms of malignant or benign origin;
  • vascular pathology of organs localized in the abdominal cavity;
  • abnormalities of the abdominal organs;
  • disorders in the activity of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • cholecystitis, which occur in both acute and chronic forms;
  • cirrhosis of the liver;
  • diseases of a parasitic nature;
  • cystic neoplasm;
  • suspected purulent complications;
  • inflammation of the lymph nodes;
  • hemoblastoses;
  • thromboses and vascular aneurysms;
  • internal bleeding and hemorrhage;
  • permanent pain, localized in the abdomen;
  • stone deposits and accumulations in the kidney area;
  • nephritis;
  • infringement of processes of blood supply in the field of internal organs;
  • fatty degeneration;
  • stone formation in the gallbladder.

In addition, this procedure is carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment, with the detection of malignant neoplasm of malignant etiology, identified in the peritoneum!

Note: procedure MRI is often performed during the preparation of a patient for surgical manipulation to identify the exact location of blood vessels, lymph nodes and internal organs.To whom is the procedure contraindicated?

Despite its extreme safety, in certain cases, doctors do not recommend an MRI scan to their patients.

To the main contraindications for carrying out this procedure, experts consider the following factors:

  • Mrt increased susceptibility to allergic reactions;
  • severe renal pathology;
  • weight category of the patient, more than 130 kilograms;
  • claustrophobia( intolerance, fear of enclosed space);
  • individual intolerance and hypersensitivity to substances that make up the contrast preparations;
  • mental disorders, during their exacerbation;
  • diabetes mellitus, taking place in severe form;
  • pathology of the thyroid gland, with a clear tendency to rapid progression;
  • epilepsy;
  • convulsive syndrome.

Conduction of magnetic resonance imaging with the use of contrast agents is strictly contraindicated to future mothers, women breastfeeding, patients suffering, kidney failure, as well as to children under six years old!

Important ! During the first trimester of pregnancy, any kind of magnetic resonance imaging is contra-indicated!

The presence of a pacemaker, implants, prostheses( metal) in the body is also considered a contraindication to this type of study.The fact is that during the procedure, a powerful magnetic field forms, which can lead to damage to instruments and metal parts.

Note: most of the contraindications to the appointment of MRI of abdominal organs is relative, the expediency of passing this type of examination is determined by a specialist individually, for each individual clinical case!

Preparatory measures

MRI of the abdominal and retroperitoneal cavity does not require long, special preparatory actions. However, in order for diagnostics to be extremely informative, it is still necessary to follow certain rules:

  1. On the day of the study, refrain from eating.
  2. One day before the MRI, remove from the usual diet sour milk, rye baked goods and soda, raw vegetables and fruits.
  3. In order to prevent increased gas formation, take activated carbon several hours before the MRI.
  4. Before the examination, you should empty the intestines and empty the bladder.In some cases, for these purposes may need to be done in advance, take medications diuretic and laxative.
  5. Do not use creams, hair products and make-up.
  6. Half an hour before the procedure, drink an antispasmodic agent( in the absence of contraindications).

Note: when going to the MRI procedure, wear comfortable clothes, loose cut and remove all metal jewelry and accessories( including pirgings, dentures, hearing aids, etc.) from your body!

Small children and people with a phobia of confined spaces may be recommended to take sedatives.

How is the research going?

Mrt-s-kontrastom-min In the course of magnetic resonance imaging it is extremely important that the patient is immobile.Therefore, the procedure begins with the fact that the patient lies on the table, the so-called retractable tomograph, after which his hands and feet are fixed with the help of special frames.

If a contrast tomography is planned, a special contrast agent and saline solution is introduced into the ulnar vein area of ​​the patient through the catheter.

After this, the scanning process starts.The procedure of magnetic resonance imaging is absolutely painless and does not give the patient any unpleasant sensations of , except for the possible psychological discomfort caused by the need to be in a confined space.

However, most capsules for magnetic resonance imaging are equipped with special sensors for talking with the doctor.The very process of examination lasts, as a rule, about half an hour.After the end of the procedure, the patient can leave the clinic and return to his usual life.After the MRI, no recovery period is required, and the likelihood of any unwanted reactions is reduced to zero!

Diagnostic results, in most cases, are ready already literally within 2 hours.Having received the results on the hands, the patient goes to her narrow-profile medical doctor, who on their basis already diagnoses and prescribes the optimal therapeutic course!

Advantages of the

method Magnetic resonance tomography has the following advantages:

  • high information content;
  • revealing tumor malignancies of malignant etiology at early stages of onset;
  • no recovery period;
  • minimal spectrum of contraindications and age-related restrictions;
  • diagnostic for future mothers, starting with the second trimester of pregnancy;
  • preservation of research results on electronic media;Painlessness and rapid conduction of
  • ;
  • prompt receipt of results;
  • maximum safety for the health of the patient;
  • no undesired reactions;
  • minimal preparation and there is no need for hospitalization of the patient;
  • quick return to the usual rhythm of life.

MRI of the abdominal-retroperitoneal space is informative and, most importantly, extremely safe diagnostic procedure, prescribed for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, renal and hepatic pathologies.This diagnostic method is characterized by accurate results, painlessness and does not expose the patient's health to the risks associated with exposure to X-ray exposure!

Elena Sovinskaya, doctor, medical reviewer

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