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Melissa - koristi i štete

Melissa

Melissa is a herbaceous plant, perennial, a close relative of peppermint.It grows mainly in the Crimea and the Caucasus.Many Russians and Ukrainians grow balm in their own gardens, because it is completely unpretentious.In form, the plant resembles a small shrub, the leaves have a steady lemon scent.In people, lemon balm is called lemon mint.

Interesting! The use of lemon balm as a medicine was mentioned in the works of the very first healers and healers.The records date back to 1st century BC.In XI century it was mentioned by Avicenna, he was also impressed with the medicinal properties of the plant.

Today the use of lemon balm in folk medicine has not lost its relevance.Moreover, it is the most popular medical plant and has very few contraindications.

Chemical composition

The leaves of this miraculous herb contain a huge amount of essential oils and organic acids. Melissa also includes:

  • tanning agents;
  • stearins;
  • flavonoids;
  • saponins;
  • macronutrients: potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron;
  • microelements: manganese, copper, selenium, zinc, chromium
  • beta-carotene;
  • vitamins B1 and B2;
  • ascorbic acid( vitamin C).

Useful properties

Melissa-officinalis Probably, there is no such person who would not know that tea with melissa is an excellent soothing.He is drunk with occasional and recurring nervous disorders( psychosis, neurosis, nervous exhaustion) and insomnia.

Important! Children's pediatricians recommend giving a decoction of melissa to children with hyperactivity.Essential oils that make up the plant, improve memory, concentration, assiduity.

Soothing action is not the only useful property of lemon balm.The plant is able to give an analgesic effect, has antiemetic, antispasmodic and diuretic effect. Infusions with this herb are indicated for use with the following health problems:

  • ulcer of the stomach or duodenum;
  • diseases of the digestive system;
  • arrhythmia;
  • hypertension;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • anemia;
  • viral infections: influenza, measles, herpes;
  • chronic fatigue;
  • decreased performance due to mental or physical fatigue.

Melissa helps to cope with skin diseases:

  • Melisa dermatitis;
  • Eczema;
  • lichens of different origin;
  • fungal lesions;
  • neurodermatitis;
  • insect bites( improvement occurs due to the baking action);
  • acne( the skin is cleansed due to the ability of balm to update the composition of blood and lymph).

Important! Broths from lemon mint are very useful for women's health.The plant facilitates the state with hormonal disorders, ovarian dysfunction and other "female" inflammatory processes.During critical days, tea with melissa soothes pain and spasms.And with toxicosis in pregnant women - relieves nausea.Nutritionists recommend the use of lemon balm during weight loss .

.Regular use contributes to the activation of metabolic processes, cleanses the body of harmful substances, resulting in excess kilograms gradually go away.

Harm and Contraindications

Melissa Contraindications for lemon balm is not enough.Do not abuse the fragrant herb males. This plant, like mint, weakens the sexual activity of .

Before an important exam or interview, it is also better to be a decoction of lemon balm, because on many it has a too calming effect, resulting in a slow reaction or inhibition.If you need a little calming down, you can add a couple of leaves to the tea leaves - this is quite enough.

Categorically it is impossible to lemon mint to people with persistent low pressure, and also if there is an individual intolerance( which is very rare).

Melissa in folk medicine and cooking

Infusion from the plant is prepared as follows:

  • in 1 cup of water to enamel dishes;
  • add 2 tablespoons fresh or dried chopped lemon balm;
  • boil for 15-20 minutes on low heat;
  • insist 30-40 minutes.

Everything!A useful broth is ready for use by .Such a drug can be taken :

  • from toothache and inflammation of the gums( rinse the mouth);
  • for asthma attacks;
  • during colds( relieves fever and headache);
  • with loss of appetite
  • to support the immune system.

In the kitchen of the careful housewife, lemon peppermint will always be in one of the first places.It is used as a seasoning for fish, meat and mushroom dishes.Add to salads and marinades for cucumbers and cabbage.Home-made compotes and juices, melissa will give an original, incomparable taste.


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