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Myalgia: symptoms, causes, treatment

Mialgii

Myalgia is a pain in the muscles.Their cause is the hypertonicity of myocytes( muscle cells) in a state of tension or rest.At present, more or less severe pain in the muscles is experienced periodically by most people.Negative sensations can make themselves felt at any age;They are often observed even in children and adolescents. Among the most important etiological factors are excessive physical overstrain, permanent stress, and trauma.

To the number of possible consequences of chronic violation of muscle tone, such serious pathologies of the musculoskeletal system as intervertebral hernia and osteochondrosis can be attributed.To get rid of the pain syndrome and prevent severe consequences of myalgia, it is necessary to take adequate measures in a timely manner.

. Note: pain can occur both in the striated muscle( skeletal) muscles and in the smooth muscles of the internal organs( in particular, the heart).

Table of Contents:

Possible causes of myalgia

The immediate cause of muscle pain is a pathological increase in muscle tone against excessive physical stress or metabolic disorders in the body.

Factors leading to hypertension development:

  • Mialgii heavy physical work;
  • sedentary work;
  • a sedentary lifestyle( hypodynamia);
  • some chronic somatic pathologies;
  • acute diseases of infectious and inflammatory genesis( and their complications);
  • trauma in history( recent or transferred a long time ago);
  • is a neuro-emotional overstrain( stress);
  • chronic fatigue( including on the background of violation of sleep and rest).

Note: is one of the likely causes of muscle aches in the morning hours, often becoming a dream in an uncomfortable position.Even the height of the pillow is important.

Symptoms of myalgia

In accordance with the currently accepted classification, it is common to distinguish three main types of myalgia:

  • fibromyalgia;
  • myositis;
  • polymyositis.

Each of them is characterized by a certain combination of symptoms.

Fibromyalgia

Mialgii The vast majority of patients who turn to a specialist for muscle pain are diagnosed with fibromyalgia. This type of myalgia develops a pain syndrome mainly in the area of ​​ligaments and tendons.Particularly often affects the shoulder zone, lumbar region, neck and neck.

Fibromyalgia is primary and secondary.The primary variety is largely defeated by the fair sex, especially - prone to anxiety and depression( among the risk group include including teenage girls).Predisposing factors include physical and psychoemotional overstrain, as well as local or general hypothermia and exposure to dampness.

A characteristic symptom of fibromyalgia is the intense pain of an acute character when palpation( probing) a certain area of ​​the body.With this pathology, apathy and sleep disturbances often develop( problems with falling asleep at night and drowsiness during the day).

The causes of secondary fibromyalgia are often significant physical exertion.This type of pathology in most cases is revealed in men who are engaged in hard work or professionally engaged in sports.

Myositis

A common cause of myositis is a lack of attention to one's own health. Pathology often develops as a result of foot-borne influenza and other acute respiratory infections .Of great importance in the pathogenesis of the disease have suffered traumas of varying severity and frequent physical overstrain of the musculature.Separately examined myositis of vascular genesis - they occur when there is insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue, and as a result, the chronic deficiency of important substrates - oxygen and glucose.

For myositis, a pain is characterized by pain, the intensity of which increases with movement.The most common pain occurs in the muscles of the trunk( including the abdominal press) and limbs.

Polymyositis

Polymyositis is a serious pathology, which in some cases leads to muscle dystrophy. Pain syndrome is one of its first clinical manifestations.Other symptoms include progressive muscle weakness.As a rule, pain first arise in the neck and shoulder zone;As the disease develops, they spread to the pelvic region and legs.

Patients with polymyositis often complain of nausea and occasional moderate or high-intensity cephalalgia( headaches).Often there is a symptom such as hyperthermia( fever) in individual joints.

Important: acute paroxysmal pain in the muscles, accompanied by fever, chills, nausea and vomiting, may be a sign of epidemic myalgia.The disease is caused by the introduction into the body of an infectious agent - the Coxsackie virus.The patient's serious condition persists on average from 3 to 7 days.

How to cure myalgia?

With myalgia of any origin, it is important not to engage in self-medication.It is strongly recommended that you visit a neurologist who will perform a full diagnosis and, according to the results of the examination, will already prescribe an adequate set of therapeutic procedures for .

First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the effect of predisposing factors;Otherwise, treatment may be ineffective.

Treatment of myalgia with medicines

In order to combat the inflammation and pain syndrome, the following preparations are recommended inside:

  • Pentalgin Analgin;
  • Pentalgin;
  • Acetylsalicylic acid( Aspirin);
  • Ketorol;
  • Ketoprofen;
  • Indomethacin;
  • Caffeine;
  • Naproxen.

Note: The application of NSAIDs is both symptomatic and pathogenetic therapy, that is, the effect on both the cause( inflammation) and the consequence( pain).

For local topical use, tinctures and ointments with a warming and anti-inflammatory effect are recommended:

  • Red pepper( alcohol tincture);
  • Finalgang( ointment);
  • Fastum-gel;
  • Menovasin( solution);
  • Alezan( cream).

An important component of the complex treatment of myalgias is physiotherapy. Patients are shown a general and local massage.The doctor will help you choose the optimal set of exercises that you need to regularly perform.

Please note: is also positively influenced by some dietary supplements.But, before you start taking dietary supplements to strengthen muscle and bone tissue, it is advisable to consult your doctor.

Folk recipes

The simplest and most effective folk remedy for muscle pain is dry heat. For carrying out warming procedures, you need to make a pad of linen or cotton fabric with sand or ordinary table salt.It should be heated in a frying pan or in an oven, and attached to the problem zone.It is recommended to tie a woolen scarf or scarf over the pads.The procedure should be repeated twice a day - in the morning and evening hours.The warming bandage is kept until it cools down completely.At the next stage of treatment, iodine mesh can be applied to the skin in the projection of a sick muscle or glue the pepper bandage - this will help improve microcirculation in tissues.

It is useful to warm the aching muscles with paraffin. It is heated to a soft consistency, applied in 2 layers, covered with gauze( 2-4 layers) and polyethylene film.Over the film, the compress is wrapped in a scarf and left for 20-25 minutes.

Decoctions, infusions and tinctures for ingestion

Cucumber-grass Inside it is useful to take a decoction of the leaves of the nettle.Fresh leaves from young shoots should be crushed and poured with boiling water( at the rate of 200 ml for 2 tsp vegetable substratum).Ready to drink broth for 100 ml 2-3 times a day.

Pour 200 ml of boiling water into dry flowers( 1 tsp) and grass( 2 tsp) of cucumber grass, and let it brew for 3-4 hours.The received preparation accept 5-6 times a day on a table spoon.

Pour 1 teaspoon of boiling water.Herbs Adonis spring, infuse for 1 hour and strain.It is recommended to take an infusion of 1 tbsp.L.Three times a day.

Crush the dry bark barberry, pour a solution of medical alcohol at a rate of 1:10, pour the mixture into a bottle of dark glass and insist for a week.Healing tincture is taken 2 times a day for 30-40 drops, washed down with water.Children, pregnant women and people with chronic alcoholism, this drug is contraindicated.

Outdoor products

Take a sheet of plain cabbage, and apply a layer of soda and laundry soap to the .Attach the other side to the diseased area of ​​the body, fasten and wrap, to get a compress.This bandage, made at night, allows you to get rid of myalgia( in particular - fibromyalgia) in just one session, ie, by the morning.

A curative ointment for topical external use can be prepared at home by mixing shredded horsetail with unsalted overblended lard fat approximately 1: 4.Apply the composition 1-2 times a day.

You can also take butter( 2 tablespoons) and mix it with chopped herb horsetail( 1 tsp).With this mixture you need to do compresses.Several sessions give the opportunity to forget about myalgia for a long time( including - and myositis).

Note: muscle relaxation is facilitated by lavender oil, and cramping relieves cramping.To stimulate the local blood flow is best suited cedar oil, and rosemary has analgesic and decongestant properties.

potato For the preparation of compresses, folk medicine recommends marshmallows.You need to take 3 tsp.Finely chopped root of this plant and pour a glass of cold water and let it brew for 6-7 hours.The resulting liquid is filtered.With this infusion make compresses 3 times a day.

To combat myalgia, traditional healers propose using the most common potatoes boiled in a uniform.4-5 freshly brewed medium-sized potatoes kneaded and wrapped in a towel.He is pressed to a sore spot, and kept until the potatoes cool down.Then, it is advisable to rub the skin with alcohol, vodka or cologne.It is better to hold the procedure before going to bed so that the muscle does not cool.

Ointment from the ground laurel leaf( 3 tablespoons) and sunflower oil( 1 cup) will help with intense pain in the muscles.The components are thoroughly mixed and aged for a week and a half.Ointment is applied to the affected areas three times a day for 2-3 weeks.

Cope with myalgia helps compress on the basis of bile and red pepper.It is necessary to take 1 tbsp.L.Ground pepper, 250 ml of medical bile( purchased at the pharmacy) and 160 ml of camphor alcohol.Components should be thoroughly mixed, poured into opaque utensils or a bottle of dark glass, and kept at room temperature for 1 week.The problem area is greased with vegetable oil, covered with a clean cotton cloth, and the resulting preparation is applied over it.The compress is fixed, a layer of cotton wool is applied, wrapped in a warm kerchief, and held for 2 hours.Then the skin is washed with warm water and soap.The procedure is recommended for overnight.

Burdock Take some fresh burdock leaves, and boil them with boiling water.Then make a compress of them, wrapped in a handkerchief.The recommended duration of the procedure is one and a half to two hours.

Take ¼ tsp.Powder and mix with 1 tsp.Softened butter.The problem zone is rubbed with this ointment for the night, and then wrapped in a scarf.The procedure should not be repeated more than once a week, so as not to cause severe irritation of the skin.Bdiaga stimulates local blood circulation, therefore it is excellent for muscular pains in myositis against the background of colds and suffered traumas.

Similarly, an external preparation is prepared based on crushed dry bud buds.
Dried chamomile flowers should be crushed and mixed with soft butter 1: 4.With this ointment, rub the diseased muscles 3-4 times a day.It is recommended to keep the drug in the refrigerator, but warm it up just before use, leaving the open container for half an hour at room temperature.

Plisov Vladimir, medical reviewer


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