How to treat bruises at home
Bruises are the most common injuries that haunt every person for life.A good example of bruises is bruises, which can be painful, accompanied by swelling and require medical care.
If the bruise is not large enough and small, the correct treatment can get rid of its effects for several days.But there are such bruises that require professional medical intervention - the consequences of the injury can occur within a day and a few weeks.For example, an eye injury can lead to a decrease or total loss of vision after a few weeks, a head injury is almost always a concussion of the brain, which in the absence of treatment will result in permanent headaches and increased intracranial pressure.
That's why doctors recommend not to ignore bruises, but to know and be able to respond correctly to such injuries.And first of all you need to assess the intensity of the injury, for which you need to remember the only recommendation - if the place of the injury is very sore, then you will need to visit the medical institution, because self-treatment is unlikely to bring the desired results.
Remember that the site of a bruise is always characterized by the formation of a bruise / bruise, and in case of severe trauma - a hematoma.And pain in the place of injury can mean not only damage to the skin, but also the periosteum, internal organs and vessels.Table of contents:
Hand injury - characteristics and methods of treatment
Hands generally suffer from bruises - this part of the body is constantly involved in humans.A bruised hand can be accompanied not only by the formation of a bruise, but by the edema of the damaged area - at best it will lead to temporary disability, and at worst - to disability.
First aid in case of hand injuryWe recommend to read:
As soon as a bruise, a cold compress should be applied to the injury site or ice from the refrigerator.Remember that ice can not be applied directly to the skin at the site of injury - it can cause frostbite, you need to wrap it in a tissue napkin and then make a cold compress.
The second step in providing first aid with a bruised hand is the imposition of a tight, fixing bandage.To do this, you can use a normal bandage, elastic, or a special fixing bandage, which is sold in pharmacies.It is important to ensure maximum immobility of the injured hand, you can hang it on a scarf or kerchief.
All described activities from the category of "first aid" will help reduce the intensity of pain, speed up the process of disappearance of edema.
Please note: if severe pain is felt with a bruised hand, you can not move your fingers or a brush, then you should immediately seek medical help - an X-ray examination will help to identify( or eliminate) bone fracture or fracture.
Treatment of hand injury
Only 1-2 days after the first aid can be started directly to treat a hand injury. For this, the use of folk remedies will be effective: here are a few recipes:
- mix the juice of horseradish and vodka in equal proportions, moisten the obtained composition with a gauze napkin and apply to the injured place for 10 minutes every 2-3 hours;
- pour 500 ml of boiling water 30 grams of dry herb horsetail and insist for half an hour, then the gauze wipe is wetted in the broth and applied to the site of injury for 20-30 minutes;
- cut into slices of raw potatoes( no more than 5 mm thick) and apply them to the bruise, fixing with a bandage.
If the bruised hand is markedly expressive, the doctor will prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ointments as part of the treatment, which will need to treat the injured place 3-4 times a day.These ointments include Ketoprofen, Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, which have analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-edematous properties.
Knee joint injury
Most often this type of injury is given to athletes and children.After getting injured after a few hours the knee swells, becomes hyperemic, to the touch - hot.Literally the next day, the victim is unable to walk, it is difficult for him to land and get up from the chair / bed.
First aid for knee injury
Immediately after the injury, it is necessary to put the patient in bed and put the injured lower limb on some elevation - for example, to place a pillow or a cushion under the shin.On the damaged knee joint is imposed a tight bandage and periodically applied ice.
The main treatment for this trauma should be performed on the second day after the injury.
Treatment of a bruised knee injury
From folk remedies, the grass of a rosemary will help quickly restore the work of a damaged knee joint - it is made from its flowers to be tinctured( sold in pharmacies), which should be applied softly to the skin at the site of the injury.It is recommended to do this procedure 3-4 times a day.
Another great option for treating a knee joint injury is the use of wormwood bitter.This herb grows everywhere, you just need to tear off a few leaves with the trunk, twist it in a meat grinder( grind it in a blender) and apply directly to the skin at the injury site under a tight bandage.Change gruel from wormwood bitter need 2-3 times a day.
If the bruise of the knee joint is pronounced, full immobilization of the injured lower limb is noted, then it is necessary to seek medical help.The doctor, of course, will conduct an X-ray examination of the patient, make sure there is no fracture or crack in the bone.Then the patient will be appointed Indomethacin, Voltaren, Diclofenac, Ibuprofen - anti-inflammatory, warming, decongestant and analgesic medications, which are selected in each case individually.
This is one of the most common types of bruises, which most often happens in the summer period - people walk in open shoes or barefoot, clinging fingers to hard objects.At first glance, such a bruise poses no danger to human health, but the fact is that injuries damage tendons, joints and even nerve endings on the toe.The result of improper treatment may be progressive arthritis in the near future.
First aid for a toe injury
You need to take an ice cube and massage the injury site every hour for 15 minutes.In this mode, assistance is provided for 3-4 hours, until the pain subsides, and then you can continue the procedure in the mode of 15 minutes every 2 hours.
Note: should not be used to put warming compresses on the damaged area in the first day after the injury, they can provoke the development of severe swelling.
Treatment of a toe injury
You do not need to bandage the bruised finger, but if there is noticeably severe damage to the nail with its partial detachment from the soft tissues, then a fixing patch can be applied to this area.Until the end of the treatment of the injury of the toe, you need to spare the damaged place, wear only comfortable shoes without a heel.
The simplest, but no less effective method of treating the trauma under consideration will be the use of shredded horseradish with a prominent juice - the gruel is applied to the site of the bruise in the form of a compress for 15 minutes.The procedure should be at least 3 times a day, but at night, such a compress can not be put.
Another effective method of treating a toe injury from the category of "folk medicine" is to apply a mixture of crushed onions and sugar in an arbitrary proportion to the injury.
In the case of a referral to a doctor, an X-ray examination of the injury will be performed, the specialist can prescribe the use of Lyoton, Traumeel, compresses with Dimexide.
After the impact, a localized edema may appear on the head - a cone that should not be ignored.It is necessary not only to pay attention to the condition of the cone, but also to the presence / absence of nausea and vomiting, loss of consciousness.Similar symptoms will indicate a concussion of the brain, which in the absence of treatment can result in serious consequences.
First aid for head injury
If the victim is briefly unconscious, he is dizzy, then it is necessary to see a doctor immediately. In all other cases, first aid for the injury in question is limited to the following:
- put the patient in bed;
- provide him with absolute peace, shade windows;
- the ice should be applied to the place of injury, but not more than 15 minutes for an hour;
- closely monitor the condition of the victim and, with his worsening, call the ambulance team.
Treatment of a head injury
If the considered type of injury is not accompanied by a concussion of the brain( and this will be understood literally in the first hours), then on the second day after the injury, you can use ointment based on grass comfrey( it is sold in pharmacies), andHeparin ointment, Troxevasin - they process the cone.
If, after a head injury to a victim, a brain concussion is diagnosed, only the mildest degree of the disease can be treated as an outpatient.In all other cases, the victim is placed in a medical institution and conducts full-fledged therapy, which is selected individually.Recommended reading:
Neck injury is dangerous because injuries damage not only soft tissues but also vertebrae - they can move, which will lead to blood circulation in the brain, nerve infringement.
First aid for neck injury
First of all, you need to put the person in bed and provide him with peace.Be sure to put cold compresses or ice on the place of injury - do not forget to take breaks in this procedure, you can not keep ice and cold compress on the place of injury for more than 15 minutes.
As soon as the pain subsides, you can apply the mashed leaves of the plantain to the site of the bruise and make a restraining dressing - this method is especially convenient for use in country conditions.
Please note: should be closely monitored for the injured person and, if his health deteriorates, seek medical help immediately.
Treatment of neck injury
If this type of injury is poorly expressed, then there is no such treatment.But in case the headache, dizziness and other pathological conditions appear, the doctors will conduct a full-scale examination of the cerebral vessels.Only after such a survey will be prescribed treatment - wearing a supporting bandage around the neck, acupuncture and reflexotherapy.
With back bruises, there is a high risk of a vertebral fracture, so the victim should be inspected immediately after the injury.First of all, the patient is provided complete peace, if the victim lies face down after falling and complains of severe back pain, then it can not be turned in any case - with a fracture of the spine this can lead to complete disability.It's enough just to call the ambulance team.
First aid for back injuries
If the injury is insignificant, then quickly remove the pain and discomfort at the injury site can be a bathroom with a decoction of peppermint - on a bucket of hot water you need to take just 100 g of mint.Not bad helps and compress of white beans - it should be boiled, kneaded and put on a sore spot.
From medications with minor back bruises, doctors recommend using Voltaren and / or Emulgel - they have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, mild warming and anti-edematous effect.
Such a trauma can be accompanied by a violation of breathing, the development of arrhythmia and problems in the work of the heart.The consequences of such trauma are unpredictable - serious cardiac pathologies and diseases of the respiratory system can develop.
As a rule, with severe bruises of the chest, the patient complains of chest pain, which is aggravated by inhalation, a short-term loss of consciousness is possible.In this case, you need to immediately seek professional medical help.
First aid for a chest injury
It is highly desirable to limit the mobility of the injured person - at least the first day after the injury should be carried out in complete rest. From folk remedies you can use the following:
- mix the green part of parsley and vinegar in equal proportions, apply gruel to the bruise place 2-3 times a day, you can cover with a non-tearing bandage;
- mix in equal proportions honey and vinegar, moisten gauze wipes in the resulting solution and apply to the site of injury.Dressings should always be wet, so they will need to be changed frequently;
- apply to the damaged area gauze wipes, moistened in tincture of arnica( sold in pharmacies).
Bruised eyeRecommended to read:
The first signs of a bruised eye are pain, swelling, redness of the eyeball.If the injury was dull, or a penetrating wound was applied to the eye, medical attention should be sought immediately.
In all other cases, help can be provided at home, but remember that a bruised eye involves wearing a sterile bandage for 3-5 days.
First aid for eye contusion
Sulfacyl sodium should be dripped into the damaged eye - these drops will help to quickly get rid of the edema and redness of the eyeball, relieve pain.
Thiamine ointment and / or levomycitin can be used to accelerate treatment.And from folk remedies, you can recommend lotion on the damaged eye with the use of decoction of cherry flowers.
Contusions are not simple injuries, they can result in severe consequences, which in some cases lead to disability of the victim.In order not to make a mistake in assessing the severity of a particular injury, it is advisable to seek professional medical help.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapist of the highest qualification category