How to treat sprain
If, as a result of an injury to the ligamentous apparatus of the joint, a complete or partial rupture of ligaments has occurred, then this condition will be qualified by doctors as a sprain.Human ligaments are clumps of connective tissue of dense nature that allow to keep the joint in a normal position.One sudden movement can lead to injury - the ligaments will stretch more than their natural elasticity allows.Most often, ankle and elbow joints are injured in this way, but sprains can be diagnosed in the knee joint.Table of contents:
The main symptoms of sprain
The first and main sign of the condition under consideration is a sharp pain in the site of ligament damage - this is due to the fact that the ligamentous device includes a variety of nerve fibers and blood vessels.But there are other symptoms of sprain, which will manifest to varying degrees at different stages of the condition under consideration.
1 degree of sprain
If a minor injury is caused to the ligamentous apparatus, the pain sensations will be weakly expressed, the motor activity of the person is not limited, and the swelling at the injury site, if present, is unintentional.
Doctors recommend that with gentle stretching of the ligamentous apparatus of the joint to ensure a gentle mode for the joint and temporary rest.
2 degree of sprain
At this degree, a moderate stretching and breaking of the fibers of the ligamentous device takes place. Symptoms in this case will be as follows:
- a sharp pain that restricts movement;
- rapidly increases swelling at the site of injury;
- appear spilled bruises at the site of the injury.
Note: at 2 degrees of sprain can also show abnormal mobility of the joint.
3 degree of sprain
In this case, there is a complete rupture of ligaments.The patient notes the intense swelling and redness of the skin at the site of injury, the pathological mobility of the joint( instability) appears.If the doctor begins to perform stress tests on the injured joint, then there is no resistance.
Note: 3 degree of sprain is considered to be the most difficult, the treatment is performed in a medical institution, the surgeon will conduct an operative procedure for stitching the ruptured ligaments.The recovery period after such a trauma is long - up to 6 months or more.
Many patients, having received joint grass and sprained ligaments, do not seek professional medical help - they try to cope with their own pain and decrease in motor activity.In fact, such disorder is fraught with complications, in some cases in the near future, the ability of such a patient to independently move on his legs may be called into question.
Symptoms should be urgently requested:
- very strong pain in the damaged joint, which makes it impossible to make any movement;
- sensation of numbness or tingling in the joint or entire limb - this indicates a serious damage to nerve fibers;
- , an extensive hematoma or redness has formed at the site of the injury - this is due to damage to the blood vessels, and against a background of severe pain, their spasm and subsequent necrosis may occur;
- on the background of severe pain, it is possible to move the joint, but you hear a crunching or clicking;
- marked increase in body temperature, chills;
- complete loss of free movements in the joint or, conversely, excessive mobility( pathological) against a background of intense pain.
It is especially important to see a doctor if, after a trauma and an obvious sprain, the pain does not go away within 1-2 days, the mobility of the joint is not restored to its full extent.
Prevention of sprains
In general, the phenomenon under consideration can happen to any person during physical exercises or with careless walking.But there are a number of preventive measures that will help prevent sprain.For example, you need to walk gently in high-heeled shoes, and practice sports in special shoes.It is necessary to struggle with excess weight - obesity even in an insignificant degree creates an additional load on joints.
Remember that only the active way of life serves to strengthen the ligamentous apparatus of the joints.
How to treat sprains
If injury to the joint has already occurred, before seeking medical help, the following can be done:
- The injured joint or the entire limb should be kept at rest;
- it is advisable to apply cold to a damaged place - it may even be a piece of meat from a home freezer;
- joint must be secured with either a flexible bandage or a tire - there should not even be any random movements;
- an injured limb should be placed on a hill in relation to the entire body.
Please note: in the first hours after ligament damage is strictly prohibited from taking a warm or hot bath, rubbing or massaging the injured place.Otherwise, the inflammatory process will actively develop, and the puffiness will begin to progress.
If the patient complains of severe pain and a crunch appears in the joint during movement, then this is the reason to call a doctor.The specialist will not only conduct a joint examination, but also prescribe anti-inflammatory and anesthetic drugs.To the damaged joint it is advisable to apply a napkin with ointment Diclofenac or Ibuprofen - they will relieve puffiness, relieve the pain.After the pronounced pain is removed, the puffiness is reduced, the patient will be prescribed physiotherapy treatment.
Surgical treatment is prescribed only with a complete rupture of ligaments.
Folk treatment of sprain
If the doctor believes that the treatment of sprains can be carried out at home, it will be reasonable to use for rapid recovery and folk remedies. The most effective ones are:
- Lotion from potatoes.It is necessary to clean one raw potato on a small grater and apply the resulting mass to a sore spot, fixing with a band-aid or bandage.
- Compress of clay.Clay is diluted with water to an elastic state, the mass is applied to a gauze napkin and applied to the damaged joint.Fix such a compress with a flexible bandage and leave for several hours( it is better to hold this procedure in the evening before going to bed).
- Application from aloe.Take 1-2 sheets of aloe, grind them with a knife into a slurry with slices, put the mass on a gauze bandage and attach it to a sore spot, fix it with a bandage.As soon as the mixture warms up, you need to change the bandage.
Folk methods of treatment of sprains can be used only after examination of the joint by a surgeon - this specialist will assess the condition of the joint and determine effective treatment.And these methods from the category of "traditional medicine" in no case should completely replace therapy - they will be only one of the components of complex therapy.
Sprain stretch - the situation is unpleasant, can lead to a temporary loss of the ability to move.But even if the joint continues to function after a trauma and the pain does not differ in intensity, the surgeon's examination should be mandatory - this will prevent the development of possible complications.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapist of the highest qualification category