How to bathe a newborn: advice of pediatricians
Bathing a newborn is not only a hygienic procedure, as it may seem at first glance.This is a whole event in the life of the child, filled with emotions.If parents can properly plan the bathing process, it will give a lot of positive emotions to the child.How correctly to organize a bathing?Table of contents: Bathing Benefits Preparing for a newborn's bathing How to bathe a newborn After water procedures
Bathing is a procedure that has a lot of advantages.Floundering in a spacious container, the kid spends a lot of energy.After the procedure, the baby has an excellent appetite, soon he falls asleep quickly and sleeps soundly all night.Bathing hardens the child.To do this, it is necessary to gradually reduce the water temperature.As a result, the baby will not be afraid of any ARVI.
Many mothers are interested in the question: when can I start bathing a child? Pediatricians recommend bathing the baby in the bath only after the umbilical wound has fully healed, this should happen by the second-third week of life.
Preparing for water procedures
To bathe a baby better in a specially designed room for this - a bathroom. The room air temperature should be within 22-24 degrees of heat .Directly during bathing, the door must be open, this will prevent a sharp drop in temperature when leaving the bathroom.
In the bathroom it is necessary to put a towel in which the mother will wrap the baby after bathing.In the other room, in advance, you need to prepare a turtleneck, sliders, a hat, here the mother will dress up the baby.
In what to bathe the baby? Pediatricians are increasingly inclined to the opinion that it is better to use a large portable bath or even a stationary bath for adults for bathing a baby.Before bathing, the container should be thoroughly rinsed with boiling water.If the baby is bathed in a stationary bath and besides it is used by adults, you have to treat the surface of the tank with soda and hot water before each bath.
The following items should be placed near the bathroom:
- Thermometer for measuring water temperature;
- Baby soap;
- Soft sponge;
- Pouring jug;
- Watch to control the duration of the procedure.
We turn to bathing
When all the preparations are implemented - it's time to proceed directly to bathing.The first thing you need to fill the bath with water. Bathing newborns is better in boiled water.In the bath you can add a decoction of broth.This plant has disinfectant and anti-inflammatory effects of .Preparing the broth is very simple.To do this, you need to pour a glass of grass into a liter jar and pour boiling water to the edge, cover it and set the dishes aside.After a few hours the broth will be ready, it must be filtered and poured infusion directly into the bathroom.These proportions are suitable for a large bathroom.Older children can also bathe in running water.
Important! In Soviet times, babies were bathed in water with the addition of potassium permanganate.Now, many pediatricians do not recommend using potassium permanganate, because its undissolved crystals can cause a burn of the cornea of the eye and tender skin.
Before bathing, it is necessary to measure the temperature of the water. The optimum water temperature in a small bath is 36-37 degrees .In a large bath this figure can be less: 33-34 degrees, because in a large capacity the water cools longer.
Bath procedures should be performed no earlier than one hour after feeding or forty-fifty minutes before feeding .In addition, you need to consider the time of going to bed. To bathe a newborn follows an hour and a half before bedtime. In the future, parents should try to do bathing at the same time, so the baby will develop his own regime of the day.Pediatricians recommend that you perform bath procedures in the evening, as the water is remarkably relaxing and the newborn can then sleep soundly through the night.However, there is a small percentage of children on whom the bathroom procedures work differently - cause an increase in activity.These children should bathe better in the morning.
The first bathing for a newborn is something outlandish, a child may get scared.Therefore, before the procedure, parents should talk with the child, try to calm.
You can only swim a newborn baby with one or both.Immerse the baby in the water should be very slow.One hand( more often use the left one) needs to hold the child by the head and neck.Optimal position the palm so that the thumb lies on the baby's shoulder, and the rest in the armpit on the same side.Keeping the baby in this way, his head and neck will fit comfortably on the forearm of an adult.You can rinse your child with a free hand.
First, wash the baby's face, then the skin folds and the entire body.Once or twice a week you can use baby soap and shampoo.Soap is applied to a soft sponge and gently, but carefully wipe the skin folds. Shampoo should be emulsified with water in your palm, and then apply foam on the baby's head .
Please note! Despite the fact that modern shampoos, according to producers, "do not pinch eyes," you need to try not to get it in the eye.
In the last turn, the perineal region is washed.When bathing girls to wash their genitals in the direction from the navel to the anus.
Important! The first bathing of a newborn should last no more than three minutes.Gradually, the time for bathing children in the first months of life is increased to five to ten minutes.Children older than six months can increase the duration of the procedure up to twenty to thirty minutes.
Upon completion of the procedure, the toddler is removed from the bath and doused with water from a jug.Water should be one or two degrees cooler than in the bathroom. After this, the baby is quickly wrapped in a pre-cooked towel.Rinse the skin is not necessary, enough to gently wipe it.
Bathing newborns should be daily, and children older than six months - every other day.Although such recommendations are rather conditional and if the child likes water procedures, you can continue to bathe every day.
You will get a lot of useful information about the rules of bathing babies after watching a video review of Dr. Komarovsky:
After water procedures
The parents wrap the wrapped baby in another room where things were prepared in advance.The kid is placed on a changing table or on a bed, laid with a clean diaper, and unfolded.For prevention of diaper rash, skin folds can be treated with a cotton swab dipped in sterile vegetable oil.
Before putting on a diaper, wipe dry the wrinkles and sprinkle them with talc.After all this, the newborn is dressed in a pajamas, diapers and a hat. It is necessary to refrain from swaddling - the baby should move freely handles and legs. As a rule, after water procedures, the baby gets an appetite.So soon mom will need to feed the baby, and then put him to sleep.
Bathing with the right organization can give a large number of bonuses.This is a good dream, and strengthening the health of the baby.Bathing procedures are also a pleasant way to spend your mom and baby together.
Grigorova Valeria, medical reviewer