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How to prepare a child for vaccination

Image 2544 Vaccination is the only reliable way to protect a child from severe infections.Measles, whooping cough, diphtheria, poliomyelitis, tetanus and other diseases can become not only the cause of a person's disability, but also lead to death.And if the parents clearly adhere to the vaccination schedule, they should know everything about the preparation for vaccination.

Table of contents: Absolute health If the child is allergic General recommendations in preparation for DPT, BCG, IPV and OPV

Absolute health

Pediatricians knowingly, when examining a child before vaccination, ask parents how long the patient has had colds for a long time.The fact is that even an ordinary acute respiratory viral infection that occurs on the background of vaccination can lead to serious complications - for example, to pneumonia( inflammation of the lung tissue).Therefore, parents should remember the following:

  1. 1443567935_418643 For 2-3 days before the appointed date of vaccination, stop going out with the baby "to the light" - theaters, playgrounds, shopping centers can become a "crowd" of sick people.The incubation period of the cold and flu is a maximum of 3 days and at the time of vaccination the baby will already be a patient without visible symptoms.
  2. If a child visits a preschool or goes to private classes, it is better to give up in the pre-vaccination period - 2-3 days the baby will stay at home, but the risk of developing a complicated course of the post-vaccination period will be minimized.For example, from a kindergarten it is possible to take a child on Wednesday, on Friday to carry out vaccination, and by Monday the reaction of the child's organism to an inoculation will be already clear.
  3. The regimen of the day before the appointed vaccination date should also not be reinforced / strained.The child should be full, but not overfed, to introduce a new product into the diet is not necessary - the reaction of the digestive system is unpredictable.

If the child is allergic

Allergy is not at all a contraindication to vaccination - you just need to know the nuances of vaccination from infections to allergic children. Parents should pay attention to the following points:

  1. Vaccination can be performed only during remission - no manifestations of allergy should be present for 3 weeks.
  2. 3 days before the appointed date of vaccination, the doctor can recommend taking antihistamines to the baby and it's better to give up Tavegil and Suprastin - they dry the mucous membrane, which is undesirable when the body temperature rises( which usually happens immediately after the vaccination).
  3. In order to prevent the development of postvaccinal allergy 3 days prior to vaccination, the child should stop taking medications with vitamin D.
  4. To ease the condition of an allergic child after vaccination, calcium will help - it should be started 2-3 days before vaccination.

General recommendations for preparation for DTP, BCG, IPV and OPV

758 Of course, before the vaccination the child should be examined by a pediatrician and, in case of suspicion of the presence of any diseases, a deeper examination will be assigned to the baby.Parents have the right to inquire about the quality of the vaccine, but it is unlikely to influence the choice - the responsibility for the quality of the vaccine being administered falls solely on the medical institution.

Parents should remember the following:

  1. On the day of vaccination, the child must necessarily empty the intestines - constipation can lead to a severe course of the post-institutional period.You can give the baby a laxative, but it's better just to put in the rectum special candles - they have an exclusively directed action.
  2. If the child behaves inadequately on the day of vaccination, then it is necessary to inform the pediatrician about it - it is unlikely that the doctor will guess that there was hysterics instead of a day's sleep, and the boy flatly refused to eat breakfast.Such nuances can become an excuse for postponing vaccination - it will take several days to observe the state of the child's health in order to be convinced of its absoluteness.
  3. In anticipation of the turnaround for vaccination, it is better not to sit with the baby in the corridor of the polyclinic, but to go out into the fresh air - someone from the relatives should wait in line for solitude.The fact is that there are children with viral infections in polyclinics - it will not be difficult to get infected.If there are no "support groups" from relatives, then you should take a physiological solution with a spray and every 10-15 minutes to do one injection into a spout - this will prevent infection.

Important: many parents believe that cold symptoms in the post-vaccination period are the result of vaccination.But in fact, this development is due to the long-term presence of the baby in the polyclinic next to the sick children.

  1. Immediately after vaccination, do not rush to go home, but take a walk near the clinic for 30 minutes - this time is enough to determine the state of the child, and with the slightest deviation, it is better to consult a pediatrician for advice.

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Already after the vaccination, it is necessary to closely monitor the state of health of the child - if the temperature rises even to a low-grade index( 37 degrees), antipyretic drugs should be given.If the hyperthermia reaches high levels, the baby behaves inadequately( crying, refusing to eat, often asking for a toilet, drowsiness), then you should immediately seek medical help.

Ideally, you need to invite health workers to your home for vaccination, but in the real world it is still a dream.Therefore, parents should be as competent as possible to prepare for vaccination - the vaccination for the child should be extremely beneficial.

About the preparation of the child for vaccination in his video blog tells the famous pediatrician Dr. Komarovsky:

Tsygankova Yana Alexandrovna, medical reviewer, therapist of the highest qualification category


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