Acne in adolescent boys: why they appear and how to get rid of them
Acne is a problem that 95% of boys face during puberty.Many adults do not consider this phenomenon and for the problem - what is it, a couple of years to suffer, and everything will pass.Unfortunately, this is not always the case.Without proper care, acne in adolescence can leave serious consequences, of which ugly scars on the face and body are not the worst.Table of contents: Why do teenage pimples appear in boys?Nutrition for teenage pimples Pharmacies for acne in adolescents How to care for problem skin?Home remedies
Acne and acne can be a manifestation of internal diseases, metabolic disorders in an actively developing body and other pathologies of .In addition, most adolescents suffer morally and make themselves a number of complexes.The mockery of comrades, the disdain of a pretty girl, the disgust for own reflection in the mirror - all this is not the best way to affect the state and without this unstable teenage psyche.Therefore, it is necessary to find out where these unattractive red inflamed pimples and black dots come from, and start an active fight against them.
Why do teenage pimples appear in boys?
The first and main reason is hormonal restructuring in the body.The teenager ceases to be a boy and turns into a man.Thus there is a powerful emission of sexual hormones - androgens.They stimulate the work of the sebaceous glands, at the same time changing the composition of the secreted skin fat.Its excess clogs the pores, they start to inflame - hence the acne.
Everything would be fine, if you do not touch the pimple, do not crush it, scratch it or try to hide it with cosmetic means.But in practice this is exactly what the boys do, trying to deal with their problem radically.And as a result, it gets worse: the bacteria get into the wound, the infection begins to spread.Not only does a pimple from a black point turn into just a "volcano with a purulent top", so also around it appear rashes, which also quickly become inflamed and increase in size.
Everybody passes through puberty.But the acne does not bother every teenager.Most acne appear in the so-called "t-zone" - on the forehead, nose and chin.But some acne becomes a real catastrophe, the abscesses cover not only the entire face, they are thrown around the neck, back and chest.Why is that? Scientists believe that the blame for all the hypersensitivity of the skin to hormones androgens, it's an innate factor.Also find the relationship with the blood group and, of course, the baby's nutrition. But to precisely answer, why some teenagers at the age of 12 to 16 sprinkle literally from head to foot, and others - no, medicine can not yet.
First of all, you need to contact a doctor - an endocrinologist and a dermatologist. It's to a certified specialist, not a beautician, even from the best salon.He will prescribe tests and necessary examinations, since often large-scale acne eruptions indicate the development of serious pathologies. The reason may be:
- in the malfunctioning of the digestive system;
- in immunosuppression;
- in disorders of the nervous system.
It is already proved that stress and emotional experiences directly affect the skin condition of a teenager. Remember yourself at this age.How vexing it was when a terrible pimple popped out right in the center of the forehead on the eve of a meeting with a girl you had expected for six months and did not even dare to hope for luck!Or what your face turned into before the annual test in the final grade, an exam, an important test.
That's why you need a doctor.If neither diet, nor immunomodulating drugs, nor external antiseptic and drying products help to get rid of acne, it may make sense to appear to the therapist.
Nutrition for teenage pimples
This factor also can not be discounted.Because our skin is a reflection of what is happening in our intestines. Cells of the epidermis in adolescence have a surprising property - they are completely renewed every 18-20 days.This means that if you deal with the fight against acne, after three weeks you can completely get rid of them.And now the skin shows up what was eaten and drunk about the same number of weeks ago.
Proper nutrition is not a panacea, and only a diet can not cope with teenage pimples.But if you stick to it, the chances of success increase by about 35 - 40%.And in general, any teenager will be useful to refuse even temporarily from fast food, coca-cola, chips and crackers - not only the skin, but also the digestive organs, blood, blood vessels will be cleaner and healthier. Be sure to include in the diet:
- Fermented milk products - curd, yogurt without flavor, kefir with a low percentage of fat, preferably with bifidobacteria;
- Vegetables and fruits, preferably fresh or past minimal heat treatment.Candied fruit, jam, marinades and pickles will not be useful, it is not the fruits and vegetables that you need to eat;
- Sea fish - vitamins A, E, D, zinc and iodine, as well as polyunsaturated acids Omega 3 and 6 have a positive effect on blood composition and skin condition;
- Lean boiled meat, better than a bird, is also a source of protein, iron and B vitamins, which are necessary for the construction of cells and their renewal.
It is important to drink plenty of fluids to cleanse the body of toxins.But this should be a quality mineral water without gas, and not coffee, tea or sweet soda .Very good help clean the blood and skin herbal medicinal herbs - for example, St. John's wort, nettle, marigold yarrow.
Pharmacies for acne in adolescents
Often without special medication for acne treatment is indispensable.From ordinary cosmetic they differ in that they have more active components in the composition, act faster, and eliminate not only the appearance of the disease, but also its causes.That is, pharmacy ointments and gels do not just relieve swelling and redness, they regulate metabolic processes in the skin cells and normalize the work of the sebaceous glands .
To date, the most effective and popular are the ointments Differin and Baziron .The funds are quite expensive, but they are suitable for almost everyone and really help get rid of teenage pimples.Differin should be applied in the morning, and Baziron is used in the evening.
Alternative and more affordable options: Zinerite, Fusiderm, Skinoren.
Some products cause allergic reactions, the skin condition can become worse.Therefore, it is better to entrust a selection of medications to acne to a dermatologist.
How to care for problem skin?
Regardless of whether pharmacies or folk remedies are used for treatment, the adolescent should learn how to properly care for his skin:
- Do not wash with hot water - it stimulates the production of sebum.
- Do not wash with normal soap - it overdries the skin, and, as a response, it strenuously begins to release fat.
- After washing with warm water rinse your face cold - it narrows the pores and tones the blood vessels, improves blood circulation and nutrition of tissues.
- Do not crush acne in any way !
- All masks, lotions, ointments and creams should only be applied to clean, dry or moisturized skin - depends on the chosen remedy.
The parents themselves also need to monitor the hygiene of the teenager.The boy needs a personal towel, in addition, at least once a week you need to change the bedding, especially the pillowcase , so that it does not accumulate fat, dirt and leftovers of cosmetics - it is a hotbed for bacteria.
Nobody canceled them either. Of course, normalize the hormonal background of broths of medicinal herbs and other funds from natural components can hardly.But they will help to cope with the problem from the outside, effectively cleansing, moisturizing the skin, relieving inflammation and regulating the sebum secretion.
For example, chamomile medicinal is a simple, inexpensive and very effective remedy for treating problem skin. Decoction from this plant is universal.It is useful to drink as a tea, you can wash it or rub your face and body, make baths.And you can freeze it and use ice cubes to care for your face.In the same way, you can use nettles, St. John's wort, calendula, oak bark.
Another proven drying, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agent is aloe, or AGED .It is necessary to cut a fleshy, old leaf and put it in the refrigerator, wrapped in paper.From the sheet cut into a piece, cut along and juicy side rub the problem areas.You can impose a gruel from a leaf of aloe on especially inflamed acne.
Acne for a teenager is a real catastrophe that breaks down all life.And even if it seems ridiculous to you, do not show it to the child, but treat it with attention and understanding to its difficulties.For him it is very important, and in your power to help him.
Konev Alexander, internist