Analyzes for sexually transmitted diseases
Jul 03, 2018
Having discovered signs of a sexually transmitted disease, a person begins to panic and experience, the age-old question "What should I do?" Arises.First of all, you need to pass tests for sexually transmitted diseases( STDs) and understand what kind of infection is present in the body, or to dispel doubts and find out the cause of the symptoms.
You can take similar tests in paid and anonymous mode, you can apply for free medical help, but in any case it is recommended to first visit a specialized doctor( venereologist or gynecologist) who will prescribe the necessary examinations, based on the available symptoms.Table of contents: What is the advantage of an anonymous STD test? What analyzes are given for STDs
What is the advantage of an anonymous examination for STD
? Venerologists say that the problem is too late diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases - patients are embarrassed by their condition,Seek medical help when the symptoms are already "raging" and do without specific treatment is impossible.And meanwhile, it is neglected infectious diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, lead to serious complications - first of all, this male and female infertility.
Many medical clinics offer people wishing to take tests for STDs in anonymous mode - this option is just right for those who still do not believe in debunking the myth that sexually transmitted diseases are inherent only in people who lead an immoral lifestyle.
Anonymous testing for STDs is a chance to get medical care on time, which will prevent the development of severe, often irreversible, consequences.
What tests are passed on for STDsWe recommend that you read:
In general, this question should not be looked for independently - it is enough simply to consult a doctor who, after the examination of the patient, will assign a specific type of tests.
In medicine, the following patient examinations are carried out for sexually transmitted diseases:
- blood test for STDs;
- urine analysis for STDs;
- smear from the vagina for sexual infections;
- is an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for sexually transmitted infections;
- screening for STDs by polymerase chain reaction;
- tests for STDs;
- complex analysis of STDs.
As a rule, such a survey allows a doctor not only to see and assess the patient's general health, but also to detect the presence of antibodies, which will indicate the development of the infection.
Blood sampling is carried out in a traditional way, the results will be ready within 24 hours, in special cases( for example, if the patient pays for tests and is ready to pay for urgency), the results can be obtained within several hours.
Smear on sexual infections
This is a survey of a woman on sexually transmitted diseases - a swab is taken from the vagina and urethra when examining the patient on a gynecological chair. Thanks to this analysis, doctors can diagnose:
Urine analysis for STDs
As urine passes through the urethra, it "flushes" leukocytes and pathogens of infectious diseases of the genital tract, the analysis allows you to identify STDs and find out how intensively the genitourinary system is affected.
When examining urine for the detection of sexually transmitted diseases, it can be diagnosed:
Traditional tests provide accurate diagnosis only with the already existing symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases.But a survey by polymerase chain reaction allows you to identify sexual infections at the very beginning of their development, when there are no symptoms at all.
For the analysis by PCR, a swab is taken from the vagina in women and from the urethra in men. A similar examination reveals the following diseases:
- human immunodeficiency virus( HIV);
- genital herpes;
- cytomegalovirus and others - a total of 12 infections.
Note: may, in some cases after examination by polymerase chain reaction, appoint a venous blood donation to confirm the initial results.
Comprehensive analysis of STDs
It is believed that this type of analysis for the detection of sexually transmitted diseases is the most reliable and complete.During the study, the doctor can diagnose most of the known sexual infections - cytomegalovirus, chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, candidiasis, gardnerellez and many others.
It is noteworthy that a comprehensive analysis of STD reveals the presence of the human papillomavirus in the body, and even provides information on the type / type of this viral disease.If a cytomegalovirus is detected during the type of STD test under consideration, the doctor will be able to establish the "age" of the disease - the examination reveals an infection at the earliest stage of development.
Immunoenzyme analysis for STDs
This diagnostic method not only allows you to identify antibodies that are produced by the body for a specific type of sexual infection, but also to understand if this infection was present at all, and how long ago it was.
This is an express test that is sold in pharmacies without a prescription and is available to everyone.Such an express test will not show the full extent of the state of human health, but it will allow to find out, without visiting the medical institution, whether there is any sexually transmitted disease at all.
Analyzes for STDs during pregnancyWe recommend to read:
Absolutely all women who are observed at the gynecologist about pregnancy, are given tests for sexually transmitted diseases.Of course, such a survey is a purely voluntary matter.But firstly, the results of such analyzes allow the doctor to predict the development of pregnancy, and secondly, the timely diagnosis of sexual infections prevents the development of undesirable consequences for the health of the future mother and child.
Any analysis for the detection of sexually transmitted infections is absolutely safe for the health of women and the developing fetus .Conducting such a survey helps prevent:
- premature delivery;
- untimely rupture of membranes;
- a frozen pregnancy.
Note: physicians insist on carrying out an analysis for sexually transmitted diseases during pregnancy planning - this will help you get treatment before conception and prevent possible complications of pregnancy.
How to properly pass the analysis for STDs
When symptoms of disorders of the genitourinary system appear, people are asking where it is possible to pass tests for sexually transmitted infections.There are a lot of such places - district clinics, private medical institutions, independent / independent laboratories, skin and venereal dispensaries.The only thing that you should pay attention to when choosing a particular medical institution is the feedback of visitors who will show all the features of the work of doctors and laboratory assistants, the reputation of the institution.
To obtain a reliable result of the STD test, you need to know some of the features:
- for 3 days before taking the material for the study, there should be no sexual contact;
- for three hours before the analysis can not urinate( it's about taking swabs in women);
- immediately before the procedure for taking material for analysis for STDs, you must refuse to take any medications( unless they perform a function that supports the vital activity of the whole organism).
It is believed that it is more difficult to conduct an analysis for sexually transmitted diseases in men - it is recommended that they make a provocation the day before the scheduled day of the examination, using alcohol, salty / smoked food.This will give a guarantee of obtaining a reliable result.
But the woman has an easier time getting accurate results of the examination - no provocations are needed, but the patient must appear for the STD test immediately after the menstruation.
Analyzes for sexually transmitted diseases are the only method of accurate diagnosis of sexual infections.They are easy enough to hand over, the results are, as a rule, reliable and allow you to immediately take some medical measures.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapeutist of the highest qualification category