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What to take with pain in the heart?

What to take with pain in the heart Most people who have reached adulthood have experienced pain in the heart area.Pain in the chest is one of the most frequent reasons for seeking medical help.

A person can experience pressing, stitching, constricting, aching or sharp piercing pains.In many cases, they "give" under the scapula, in the left arm or in the corner of the lower jaw.The duration of the attack varies from one to two minutes to several hours, and sometimes the pains bother the patient for several days in a row.The intensity of unpleasant sensations often changes with a change in the position of the body and respiratory movements.Pain in the heart can develop as if at rest, and with physical exertion or psychoemotional feelings.By the nature of the pain syndrome, it is possible to establish the cause of its occurrence with a high degree of probability.

Important: pain intensity does not always correlate with the severity and severity of the pathology, but ignoring the appearance of this symptom is absolutely unacceptable!As it is unacceptable to take any medication for pain in the heart without consulting a cardiologist or therapist!

Contents: Why does the heart ache What drugs to take with pain in the heart?

Why does the heart ache

The most common causes of chest pain are the following pathologies:

  • IHD is ischemic heart disease( myocardial infarction and angina pectoris are variants of its development);
  • rheumatic affections;
  • pericarditis;
  • myocarditis;
  • myocardial dystrophy;
  • intercostal neuralgia;
  • neuroses;
  • diseases of the thoracic spine( kyphoscoliosis, osteochondrosis, etc.);
  • diseases of the digestive tract( in particular - the esophagus and stomach);
  • infringement of nerve roots;
  • muscle disorders;
  • radiculitis.

Pains, the origin of which is directly related to the heart, can be divided according to their origin into two major categories - angiogenic and cardialgia. Angiogenic ( vascular) are a characteristic clinical manifestation of the various forms and stages of IHD .Cardialgias are caused by vegeto-vascular dystonia, inflammatory diseases of the organ, rheumatic lesions or congenital pathologies( vices).

Boli-v-serdce Animal pains in the heart occur with insufficient blood supply to the myocardium and, as a consequence, oxygen starvation of tissues.The impetus for their development is often nervous excitement or physical work.The nature of pain is burning, pressing or compressing.They are usually located behind the sternum;Irradiation into the left arm, under the scapula and lower jaw is also quite typical.Often such pain accompanies dyspnea.After a rest they usually pass.

Important: is able to determine the exact cause of the appearance of unpleasant symptoms only by a qualified cardiologist after a complete examination of the patient.Only after an accurate diagnosis can be given adequate therapy.In no case should you do self-diagnosis and self-medication!

Intensive burning, constricting or tearing pain is one of the signs of a heart attack - an acute condition in which the necrosis of the site of the cardiac muscle rapidly develops against the background of a violation of the blood supply.

Cardialgia due to inflammation of the myocardium or pericardium, as well as rheumatic process, as a rule, are quite long.They are spilled, aching or stitching.The characteristic localization is to the left of the sternum.For them, there is an increase in coughing and breathing excursion.

To determine what to take with pain in the heart, you need to make sure that the pain behind the breastbone is just heartache.After all, such feelings can provoke a variety of pathologies.

For pain in the thoracic region and lesions of the cartilaginous tissue of the ribs, pain localized to the right or left of the sternum is characteristic.Their intensity changes with a deep breath, active exhalation, movements in the shoulder joint, and changes in the position of the trunk.

Aching, piercing and clearly localized pain sensations are quite typical for neuroses.Intensive pain syndrome in the intercostal spaces in some cases may be one of the first clinical manifestations of herpes zoster.

The pain in the upper chest( closer to the neck and shoulder girdle) appears against a background of nervous disorders.One of the causes of severe pain in the chest is myositis( inflammation of the muscles).

Note: is a specific feature of neuralgic pains that is their unstable nature and changes in intensity when the position of the body changes.

Stitching or compressive pains are sometimes provoked by swelling of the intestine during flatulence.If the pain syndrome behind the sternum occurs shortly after eating, or its development is associated with starvation - then, perhaps, the cause lies in the pathology of the stomach( gastritis or ulcer) or pancreas.

Note: transient pain may result in banal overeating.

What drugs to take with pain in the heart?

Angiotic pain on the background of an attack of angina

Boli v serdce They last, on average, about 20 minutes and are removed with nitroglycerin( 0.0005 g) or Nitrocor( 1 tablet or capsule sublingually).Alternative drugs in this situation is Nitromint( aerosol).Nitroglycerin for heart pain can be taken repeatedly, but no more than 3 times, and with a 5-minute interval.

It is important not to panic, and try to calm down, because increased nervous tension often aggravates the situation!

Note: must be taken into account that nitroglycerin helps reduce blood pressure.After his admission, weakness, nausea, sweating and headaches are possible.In no case should you immediately take 2-3 tablets( capsules).

The patient needs to unbutton or remove the tight outer clothing.It is also necessary to ensure the flow of fresh air into the room.

Validol has a reflex vasodilator action, and Valocordin and Corvalol are sedative;So with angina pectoris they will not help.

It is recommended to chew 0.5 g( 1 tab.) Acetylsalicylic acid;As an option - take 4 tablets Klopidogrel.

Heart hurts Validol ot serdca Heart pain with a heart attack

Validol ot serdca When the pain does not pass for more than half an hour, becomes unbearable, accompanied by suffocation, severe weakness, sweating and blanching of the skin, and cyanosis of the lips and fingertips,High probability of evidence of the development of a heart attack.In such cases, you need to immediately call an emergency team!

Nitroglycerin in infarction is almost useless.Before the arrival of doctors, it is better to take 1 tablet of Analgin and Acetylsalicylic acid( 0.5 g each) with a sufficient amount of water.

The patient should be seated with his legs down( do not lie down), and allow him to dissolve the Validol tablet.With prolonged intense pain in the heart, it is advisable to take such drugs as Corvalol or Valocordina( 30-40 drops).A good effect is provided by local warming and distracting procedures( hot foot baths with mustard or mustard plasters on the calf area).It is important for the patient to ensure complete peace.

Some drugs recommended for pain in the heart:

  • Sorbitol;
  • Nitrosorbit;
  • Nitranol;
  • Sustack.

The therapeutic effect of the listed pharmacological agents develops within 10-15 minutes.

Pain in the heart on the background of increased blood pressure

If the pain syndrome appears against the background of high blood pressure, an effective antihypertensive drug( eg Corinfar) should be urgently taken.

In parallel with ingestion of drugs inside are shown rubbing with bee venom, as well as Efkamonom and ointment Bom-Benge.

Pain in cardialgia

With cardialgia( for example, against the background of mitral valve prolapse) Nitroglycerin is ineffective, but pain of this kind is weakened after taking analgesics.

Pain in the case of neurotic conditions

With neurotic conditions and pains caused by them in the heart, you can take Valerian's extract( in the form of tablets or a pharmacy tincture).

Often, the attack can be managed independently( if it is not a heart attack).Even if the "emergency room" was not needed, in any case, it is necessary to call the district therapist on the same day.It is important to undergo a complete examination to establish the true causes of pain in the heart.

Alexander Lotin, medical reviewer

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