Breastfeeding: for and against
Swimming with infants is no longer a novelty for most parents.However, until now many are very wary of him.After all, it is so unusual - a very small child and suddenly calmly behaves in water, absolutely not peculiar to the environment for human life.Let's try to figure out whether water activities with kids are useful or harmful.Is it worth it to engage in such an unusual activity for babies?
Let us remember that the developing baby spends his entire "historical gap" of pregnancy in the uterine cavity surrounded on all sides by the amniotic fluid, which performs a number of important functions for its growth.The amniotic fluid serves as a natural protection of the infant from the effects of the external environment, and also takes an active part in the metabolism.
The born child enters the air as a foreign environment, which causes the need for independent breathing.But the swimming reflexes are still a few weeks away.Therefore, for a long time it is known that a newborn baby is perfectly kept in the water, can swim and breathe correctly at the same time.
This fact did not go unnoticed for some parents and doctors.The question arose before them: is it possible to apply this "phenomenon" to the benefit of the child?If you continue to deal with the baby in the water, then the swimming reflexes will not go away.Moreover, the baby will develop extraordinarily, receive certain unusual stimuli and strengthen health.After all, everyone knows - water is a unique tool for the treatment and prevention of disease.
Enthusiasts of this idea spontaneously arose in different places, but the method was not popular.Is that the experimenters looked like people are eccentric.Sometimes they were simply called the pests of their children's health.Table of contents: How it all began What is the meaning of breastfeeding How does swimming work on individual organs and systems What are the indications for breastfeeding? When should not swimming be practiced in infants? Practical recommendations for breastfeeding. Is there any harm from breastfeeding
To see how the kids can swim in a normal bath and what pleasure it gives them to swim, you just need to watch this video review:
How it all starteds
In the 60's of last century, instructor-lifeguard Charkovsky in a specially designed tank tried to nurse my daughter and prematurity has achieved outstanding success.His child swam like a marine mammal.In three months of life for development, the girl began to outstrip the children of her age on a physical and intellectual level.A few months later the daughter was already swimming in the adult pool, enjoying a beautiful night vision, and could sink to a depth of several meters.
Interested people began to invite Igor Charkovsky to maternity hospitals, to the Kid's House, where he conducted his method with preterm babies in reservoirs of his own designs.The results surpassed all expectations.The method was simple, safe and effective, but extremely unusual.He went against the basic medical doctrines of the time.Therefore, there were no permits for the introduction of ubiquitous practices in the sailing of infants.The method was considered dangerous.
More progressively development of breastfeeding was in other countries.And very soon they had special research institutes dealing with the development of children in the water environment.The pioneers in this field were the Australian Timmermans family, who was swimming with her daughter from the age of 16 days.They also managed to achieve amazing results and open their own school, where parents began to travel with children from many different countries.The methodology began to spread very quickly in America, Europe and Japan.
The Ministry of Health of the USSR approved such undertakings only from the end of the 1970s.More assistance to this innovation was provided by the chairman of the swimming federation of Firsov, who published a book on children's swimming.Soon practically in all children's medical institutions were opened branches, in which children, together with their mothers, passed special swimming and health courses.
What is the meaning of breastfeeding
Teaching infants swimming allows them to develop more harmoniously.First of all, we are talking about physical development.
Swimming improves the respiratory characteristics of the lungs, strengthens the cardiovascular system, develops the musculoskeletal system, the functions of the liver and kidneys.Especially favorable early swimming acts on the central and peripheral nervous system.
Water exercises cause activation of immune reactions, stabilize the metabolism, promote active work of the hematopoiesis.Children who are engaged in swimming from infancy are rarely ill with the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract.
The mental background of small swimmers also looks more stable than other kids.All kinds of memory develop more actively, an even emotional background is observed, less often affective outbursts occur.Children learn faster and more productively.
How swimming works on individual organs and systems
Finding and movements in water have a specific effect on the baby's body. Let's consider, how the swimming on the child influences.
- Cardiovascular system.
During swimming movements, blood circulation becomes active, the walls of the vessels and the heart muscle are strengthened.Additional exposure to water causes a more active movement of blood through the vessels.
- Respiratory system.
Swimming deepens the respiratory movement, making them more rare.The drainage function of the lungs is increasing, which contributes to the prevention of infectious diseases.Purging of the nasopharynx cleans it more actively.Runny nose and cold in these children - a rarity.
- Central nervous system.
Swimming activates blood circulation in the vessels of the brain, improving its nutrition and excretion of metabolic products.Water itself as a factor of the environment positively affects the work of mental reactions, improving the mood, increasing cheerfulness.
- Musculoskeletal device.
Water evenly distributes the load on bone structures, muscles, ligaments and joints, contributes to their harmonious development, preventing the excessive development of individual links of this system.The engine is strengthened by overcoming the resistance of water.
- Urinary system.
Active muscle movements cause increased heart function, accelerate blood flow, promote productive work of the kidneys, removing slags and harmful substances.
- Skin covers.
Skin contact with water leads to increased function of sweat and sebaceous glands, opens additional pores, improves skin breathing.More blood, including those released from the "depot", passes through the small skin capillaries, while stimulating the process of hematopoiesis.
Note : As you can see, swimming is a universal stimulator of all vital functions of the child's body and positively affects the activity of almost all organs.
What are the indications for breastfeeding
Swimming is useful for all children, except in cases of contraindications.But there are painful conditions in which it is simply necessary.What are these diseases and pathological processes?
Swimming is recommended for treatment assistance:
- muscle tension states( hypertonicity);
- muscle lethargy( hypotension);
- low birth weight( less than 2.5 kg);
- children born after caesarean section;
- diseases of the joints( dysplasia, arthrosis);
- congenital musculoskeletal defects;
- of infantile cerebral palsy.
When should not you go swimming for infants
Important: contraindications to breastfeeding are determined by the doctor individually for each baby.
Should be refrained from water procedures if the child has:
- Acute inflammatory processes with increased temperature;
- skin diseases with discharge;
- purulent processes;
- mental illness with convulsive seizures;
- cardiac pathology with the presence of cardiovascular insufficiency;
- progressive renal and hepatic insufficiency;
- infectious diseases, including tuberculosis, syphilis, viral hepatitis.
More detailed information about the indications and contraindications for water procedures is told by the pediatrician, Dr. Komarovsky:
Practical recommendations for breastfeeding
The best time to start the training is considered to be three weeks after the birth of the baby.After 2.5-3 months reflexes are lost.The child will learn how to swim very hard.In this case, you will have to postpone classes until 3-4 years, when the baby will be able to understand and execute the commands.
You can begin breastfeeding in your home bath or in a large swimming pool.The main thing is with the parents.
If you want to learn how to teach a child to swim and dive in the pool, take a look at this video review:
Important : for the first lesson you need the help of an experienced instructor.
The water temperature at the beginning of the procedures should be 35-36 degrees.Then it should be gradually lowered.At the same time the child should feel comfortable.Some parents swim with children and at low water temperatures.The hardening effect is very high.But here it is important to understand the purpose of the procedure and do not overdo it
Note : During bathing, the child must be completely in the water.If it is partially submerged, it can simply freeze, even with active motions.
The duration of the sail is selected individually.In some cases, children are in the water for about an hour.But usually up to 30 minutes.
Special exercises were developed during classes.Each of them takes into account the characteristics of the child, probable diseases.Exercise is necessary after the advice of a doctor and the instructor of a specialist.
There are many authoring techniques for swimming.
Is there any harm from breastfeeding
This dispute has not ceased for more than a dozen years.There is no unambiguous answer to the question at this time, since neither large-scale multifactor studies of this issue have been carried out in our country or abroad.
We will not even raise the problem of child mortality as a result of inept adult actions and the choking of a child.Let's drop the emotions and look at the very essence of the swimming reflex in the newborn.This protective reflex is necessary for the infant to save life in a critical situation;He helps to stay on the water for a few seconds, until one of the adults snatches the child out of the water.
What happens when learning to swim in the first weeks of life?Artificial stimulation of this reflex, i.e.We create a stressful situation for the child on purpose and regularly, put it in conditions that are perceived by the toddler as a threat to life.How this can affect its development over time - no one knows.
Moreover, nature considered it necessary that the swimming reflex in the child after a while faded.What will result in a confrontation with the natural processes of your particular baby?It's unlikely that someone will ever tell us about this.To all, if a person has learned to swim in a more mature childhood or already an adult, he will be able to do this until the end of his days.But the developed ability to swim infants still disappear with the passage of time, and then the already matured child will again have to learn the basics.
The dangers of breastfeeding are also mentioned by a number of pediatricians who say that in floating infants the risk of upper and lower respiratory tract diseases is 4 times higher than in children who do not go swimming.Many people suffer from gastrointestinal problems.This is due to the presence in the water of the pools of chlorine compounds, which adversely affect the immature immune system of infants, especially when ingesting water.
An alarm is sounded and psychologists claiming that grown-up infants-divers are often hyperactive, do not know how to maintain mental equilibrium, are inclined to engage in extreme sports and uncontrolled excitement, lose their sense of danger.
As you can see, when considering the problem of breastfeeding, you can meet with absolutely polar opinions.And where is the truth?Truth as always, most likely, somewhere in the middle.
Want to know how not to harm a child by bathing it?The safety of water procedures in this video review tells the physician physiotherapist:
Chumachenko Olga, pediatrician