Rash in children
A rash can appear on every person on the body. It appears for various reasons. However, when there is a rash on the body of a child, parents should give it due importance. After all, sometimes a child's rash is a symptom of an infectious disease or indicates a violation in the body.
Skin is the protective barrier of our body. It reflects the attacks of bacteria, pathogenic factors, viruses, takes part in the regulation of water and temperature balances, and also performs other functions. Any changes in the skin should immediately alert the person.
Rash in children appears frequently. It can be localized throughout the body or in its individual parts. Rashes can be of different colors: red, pinkish or fleshy. Not always a rash in a child is a sign of a disease. Sometimes it appears as a result of the influence of an external stimulus or is a sign that violations occur in the baby's body. A child's rash may be a sign of internal diseases, parasitic and skin diseases, infectious diseases, an allergic reaction, and the like.
There are many childhood diseases that result in a rash on the body: rubella, chicken pox and the like. Doctors distinguish primary and secondary lesions with a rash. Elements of rashes are divided by color, consistency, shape, topography, size and appearance. The rash can be polymorphic and monomorphic. Monomorphic rash consists of the same primary elements: spots, blisters or roseola. A polymorphic consists of several elements. Eruptions can only affect the epithelial layer of the skin, but they can also be deep, while damaging the deep layers of the skin and leading to erosion and ulceration.
As you can see, the rash is different. Therefore, to establish independently the cause of its occurrence is not easy. An experienced doctor, as a rule, can make a correct diagnosis by sight. And if your crust has a rash that you can not recognize, then the baby should be shown to the experienced pediatrician as soon as possible.
Physiologic rashes on the body in infants
On the skin of babies, a rash appears very often. After all, during the first months after birth, the formation of the skin continues, and this process can be accompanied by the appearance of rashes of various kinds. Physicians consider this process to be normal and assure that there is no cause for concern. Such conditions include the "vascular phenomenon of newborns" - the marble of the dermis. Each baby up to six months with a slight decrease in the temperature of the air on the body appear pale spots. They pass right away, as the crumb warms up. This is due to the fact that capillaries and small vessels dilate with delay. The reason for this is the age-related hypothalamus.
Most babies have toxic erythema in the first three days after birth. Throughout the body, apart from the palms and feet, there is a vesicle-pustular rash - red swollen spots and vesicles, which gradually become like mosquito bites. This manifestation of infection with staphylococcus, candida or herpes passes independently in a week and does not require treatment.
Almost every second baby has impaired seborative functions of the sebaceous glands. As a result, sebaceous cysts appear in the body, mucous membranes and genitalia of the crumbs in the form of yellow vesicles or white vesicles about 2 mm in diameter. Every fifth child has comedones, pimples or vesicles on his face. Usually all this goes through a couple of months.
In the first month, half of the newborns are not fully powered by sweat ducts and glands. Accumulations of sweat on the skin lead to the formation of vesicles. These are small bubbles filled with a transparent liquid inside or pimples of reddish or white color. If the sweat ducts are clogged, this leads to the development of red sweats, an allergic reaction or climatic hyperhidrosis. With these phenomena on the body appear bubbles with a liquid of red color, which are strongly itchy. They dry up quickly and disappear.
The skin of babies should be carefully looked after and monitored for its temperature regime. After all, if this is not done, then skin diseases such as sweating, diaper rash, diaper dermatitis can develop. These diseases can appear and in the event that the skin is monitored flawlessly. Therefore, in the warm season it is necessary to try to give the skin to the baby to breathe and not to sweat.
Rashes in infectious diseases
Various childhood infectious diseases are manifested by a rash: measles, rubella, chickenpox, scarlet fever. Such a rash is very specific, and the doctor recognizes it without difficulty. However, these diseases are dangerous and they must be treated so that they do not provoke the development of pneumonia, nephritis, encephalitis and other complications.
Rash with measles
Measles are affected by babies at different ages. The onset of the disease manifests itself sharply: the body temperature rises, a runny nose, cough, photophobia and conjunctivitis appear. A characteristic feature of this disease is whitish rashes in the oral cavity, which appear two to three days after the temperature rises. After a couple of days, a small pinkish rash appears on the body. First it appears on the forehead and behind the ears, then on the face, neck and then spreads all over the body.
During the course of the disease, the rash increases in size. It takes a week after the onset of the disease. Measles often gives complications such as otitis media, inflammation of the lymph nodes, encephalitis, laryngitis, pneumonia. Therefore, it is necessary to adhere strictly to all the doctor's recommendations regarding treatment. Rash with rubella
Rubella measles is also common in children. This disease is sick at the age of 3 to 15 years. Rubella is very dangerous for pregnant women, as it can lead to miscarriage or the birth of a baby with serious pathologies. The disease begins with a fever, a cold, a headache. Cervical and ear lymph nodes increase. Red spots appear on the soft sky. After this, a rash appears all over the body in the form of red spots. The skin around these spots can be red. Such a rash lasts about three days, after which the body temperature rises. In contrast to measles, the rashes are localized on the back, buttocks, on the folds of the limbs and lower back.
Rash with chicken pox
Chickenpox manifests itself with a strong increase in body temperature, and on the second-third day there is a small watery rash. First the rashes appear on the head and face, then on the trunk and then spread to the limbs. The rash with the disease is very characteristic. First there are red spots that after a couple of hours are filled with liquid and turn into vesicles surrounded by reddened skin. Vesicles burst, dry up and gradually pass. But they can not be broken in any way by yourself, as there will be scars.
Rash with infectious erythema
This disease is most often manifested in spring and winter. The child has chills, headache, myalgia. After three weeks, a rash appears on the cheekbones. The rash has the appearance of red relief points that merge into bright symmetrical papular spots. The entire surface of the body is also covered with swollen red spots with a pale middle. If the child is all right with the immune system, then a week later the rash passes by itself.