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Kása az első etetés a gyermek: a formák, irányelvek

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Mother's breast milk is the best food for an infant in the first year of life.It's wonderful if Mom will have the opportunity to continue breastfeeding the baby in the second year.But, no matter how useful and nutritious was the mother's milk, it's time to introduce complementary foods.

Usually it is vegetable purees - their baby tries about 5 - 6 months.And after this comes the turn of the first gruel.If the baby is small, the first to introduce is not vegetables, but porridge.What should it be, what is better to choose and how to include it correctly in the diet of crumbs, so as not to cause allergies or digestive disorders?

Table of contents: Porridge with or without gluten - what should I choose?Buckwheat porridge for the first meal. Rice porridge for the first meal. Corn porridge for the first lump. How to start lure with cereals?How to cook baby food for complementary feeding?

Porridge with or without gluten - what should I choose?

Kashi Gluten is a protein of vegetable origin, it is found in such cereals as wheat, oats, rye.The adult person normally tolerates this element, but the digestive system of the baby grasps it with difficulty.It is the gluten that causes allergic reactions and stool disorders in infants, therefore, for the first meal, porridges with gluten are not suitable.

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When the baby is 6 to 7 months old, under the condition of normal digestion, you can give him a try gluten-free porridge on the water .Such baby food is rich in vitamins and minerals, it is easily digested, digested and perfectly complements mother's milk.

So, it is established that oatmeal and semolina are not suitable for the first complementary meal in the form of cereals.Especially dangerous is a manga - pediatricians generally do not advise her to include in the diet even a one-year-old child .You can choose one of three.

Buckwheat porridge for first food

This cereal is the least likely to cause allergies in infants, it has a beneficial effect on digestion and is very nutritious.Buckwheat will provide the baby with the necessary amount of B vitamins, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium.

Buckwheat contains iron, because it is recommended to give to those kids who have decreased hemoglobin. In a word, this is the perfect beginning of complementary feeding - the trouble is that not all the children like its taste and often the little one turns his nose away from the plate and flatly refuses to try at least half a spoonful.To insist it is not necessary, after all there are two more excellent variants for the first complementary food.

Rice porridge for first food

Rice This cereal contains a lot of starch, but, nevertheless, it is perfectly digested by the digestive system of the child.Rice cleanses the intestines, removes excess salt from the body.It is useful for the nervous system.

But here there is one disadvantage: rice porridge strengthens, because it is not recommended for children prone to constipation .Also from rice cereals should be abandoned in diabetes and too fast increase in weight.

Corn porridge for first food

porridge Despite the high enough starch content, it perfectly normalizes digestion, preventing both constipation and diarrhea .At many kids this kashka becomes favorite from the first test.Substances contained in corn, stimulate the growth of muscle tissue, strengthen the vessels.In addition, it is low-calorie and very rarely causes allergies.

Children's doctors recommend starting with buckwheat, without milk and without sugar.But in it there can be fruits, which the kid has already tried - an apple, a pear, an apricot.Then rice is introduced, in the end - corn. But this is not a strict scheme, there may be deviations if the crumb did not like the taste of one or another gruel.Perhaps later he will try it and eat with pleasure.

How to start lure with cereals?

Kashki, like any new product, is given in the morning.This is done so that during the rest of the day it is possible to observe the reaction of the child . Begin with half a teaspoon and every day increase the portion, bringing it to 150 - 200 g .It will be about two weeks after the first test.Now you can move on to the next muffin.When all three are mastered, they are alternated.

It is not recommended to give a bottle from a bottle, even if it is liquid - let the baby already start to learn to eat from a spoon, most children do it with pleasure.

In 6 - 7 months the child should eat about 160 grams per day, at 8 - 10 months - 180 g, and by the year - 200 g. But this is also only relative figures, each child has his own appetite.In addition, the children also change their tastes and moods: today he ate with pleasure buckwheat with an apple, and three days later will turn away from her and reach for rice with apricot.All this is perfectly normal.


Please note that rice fastens, and buckwheat, on the contrary, eliminates constipation, and select the baby's menu, depending on its features and well-being. If there are signs of an allergy after the introduction of a new product - contact your child's doctor immediately.

How to cook baby food for complementary feeding?

Today there is no shortage of ready-made infant formulas from different manufacturers.It is very convenient to buy a pack of the necessary gruel and cook exactly the amount that is required.But pediatricians recommend cooking as much as possible, although it is troublesome - after all, baby food can not be stored for future use and heated, each time the baby should only be given a freshly prepared dish.

If you decide to make the first porridge yourself, do it this way:

  1. Rice-porridge for babies_1 Rinse a handful of cereals, dries on a plate or board.
  2. Fold in a coffee grinder or blender and chop, but not into flour, but into a large crumb - then the kasha will be cooked faster.
  3. Put a children's saucepan on the fire - the infant should have its own separate dishes, pour some purified water into it and allow it to boil.
  4. No spices, salt, sugar and milk are added to the water!After cooking, you can flavor the dish with a few drops of vegetable oil or breast milk.
  5. The grinded crocks slowly fall asleep in boiling water and immediately stir in a circle so that no lumps form.
  6. Cook the mash on low heat until it is completely ready, then remove from heat and wrap in heat.
  7. After 15 minutes, if required, the dish is crushed additionally in the blender - the should get a liquid grit of a uniform consistency, not the same as for the adult .Now the baby can try it and discover a new taste.

Later it will be possible to add butter, boiled carrots or zucchini, cauliflower, apple, pear, dried fruits or forest berries .You can also cook mixed porridge.But remember: in the baby's small plate, only those foods that he has already tried can be mixed, and they did not cause an allergy or digestive disorder.

Larisa Tokareva, pediatrician

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