Contusion of the rib: symptoms and treatment at home
A rib injury is one of the most common injuries of the chest.Causes can be very numerous - from a direct blow to the chest to serious falls, injuries due to traffic accidents and other traumatic situations.By and large, the bruise of the ribs for the human body, unlike the bruises of the head or joints, does not pose a serious danger, although the healing process is quite long and painful feelings accompany the entire rehabilitation period.
Note: this bruise is often accompanied by fractures of the sternum, ribs and various injuries of the chest.Contents: Symptoms of a rib injury Rib wound treatment
Symptoms of a rib injury
The main symptom of a rib injury is a rather severe pain, exacerbated by inhalation, coughing and movements causing chest dislocations.In the area of the injury, there may be a hematoma or swelling due to soft tissue edema.At the time of injury, there is a violation of the respiratory function, breathing "gets lost", or a prolonged attack of coughing occurs.
Important: , when such a symptom is manifested after a bruise, it is absolutely necessary to go to a medical institution for a detailed examination, because it is simply impossible to differentiate the rib fracture from a bruise without fluoroscopy.
It is important to carefully examine the condition of the internal organs of the chest.If, after a trauma, breathing or pulse disturbances occur, when the cough is in the sputum, blood traces are observed, then emergency medical care is needed.
Treatment of contusion of ribs
When the ribs are bruised, treatment is performed with conservative, non-surgical methods.
It is necessary to apply a restraining bandage to the chest and limit the injured person as much as possible.The whole "acute" period is assigned to bed rest.The first day in the place of damage is applied cold in the form of a bubble with ice.
After 24 hours, if hematoma is present, heparin-containing ointments or gels are used with dissolving drugs.The purpose of such treatment is possible only in the absence of damage to the skin in the area of the injury.
For severe pain, the use of non-narcotic analgesics( Ketanov, Ketoral) and anti-inflammatory non-steroid drugs( Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, Nimesulide) is recommended.
This video review will help you learn the proper technique of chest bandaging:
Note: recovery of motor activity during rehabilitation is carried out gradually, in the most gentle manner, avoiding physical exertion and sudden movements.
The length of the recovery period depends on the extent of the injury.In some cases, physiotherapeutic procedures are prescribed( electrophoresis with analgesics, solux, UHF, dry heat).
Even with apparent safety of injury, rib bruises should be treated under the supervision of specialists.Categorically it is not recommended to engage in self-medication, because this can lead to the most unpredictable consequences.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapist of the highest qualification category