Spice dependence: signs of spice use, drug treatment
Spikes are synthetic drugs that are produced in the form of smoking mixtures.These are not at all "easy, safe" drugs, which drug dealers try to present them.To toxicological departments regularly get into serious condition people who use spices.So, in 2014 in the Russian Federation a whole wave of spice poisoning was swept through the regions.As a result, 820 Russians were on a hospital bed, 22 of them died.Table of contents: Harm of spice for the organism Development of dependence on spices Signs of using spice Treatment of spice dependence
Spike damage to the body
Smoking additives appeared effectively in the territory of the Russian Federation around 2006.These mixtures were advertised as a safe vegetable tax, they could easily be purchased on the Internet. However, the first cases of poisoning and death from using spices prompted the FSKN to study in more detail the composition of smoking mixtures.
It turned out that this is a special, new kind of drug.The composition of the mixture did include all sorts of herbal remedies.However, in a detailed chemical analysis it turned out that the surface of plant raw materials is covered with cannabinoids, analogues of those substances contained in marijuana.This finding enabled the authorities in 2009 to add a number of synthetic cannabinoids to the list of banned substances.In December 2014, the State Duma adopted a law banning smoking mixtures based on spices.
The whole danger of smoking mixtures is that it is completely unknown what kind of composition the next portion of conceals.Moreover, even in portions of spices of the same weight, active narcotic substances are contained in different concentrations, since the raw materials are packed into the eye.This fact often causes people overdosing.
Development of dependence on spikes
Dependence on spices develops gradually .Basically, spicev consumers are young people.When a smoking mixture seeps in the company, many decide to try it and have fun.This is perceived by teenagers as some kind of funny adventure.First, spices are used sporadically, from time to time.Referring to stress, fatigue, a person simply takes out a sachet and smokes it.
However, he soon begins to notice that when he has to abstain from using a drug, his mood becomes depressed.At the same time, working capacity decreases, there is drowsiness.The mood can be improved only with the help of spices.All these changes indicate the development of psychological dependence and the first stage of drug addiction.
Studies have shown that the systematic use of spices inevitably leads to the formation of physical dependence, this is the second stage of drug addiction.Abstinence from the drug causes the addict unpleasant, painful sensations in the body. The withdrawal symptoms are manifested by the following symptoms:
- Severe depression;
- Inhibition, drowsiness;
- Attacks of panic and anxiety;
- Tremors in the body;
- Muscle aches;
- Fluctuation of blood pressure.
All these unpleasant symptoms are accompanied by an obsession with the drug.This prompts the dependent to get hold of the spice at any cost.
Signs of spice use
Spices have a psychostimulating effect, but the effect may differ depending on the composition of the drug and the individual characteristics of the organism. Often, after smoking a spice, the patient feels a certain feeling of inner calmness, euphoria.When exposed to spices, the surrounding sounds, colors, and smells intensify, become more saturated.There is detailing, the patient begins to focus on all sorts of little things that in the ordinary state do not notice.
The perception of not only the environment, but also the inner world is changing.So, the derealization of can develop, when everything around seems to be unreal, unusual, while objects and objects can be perceived as distorted in size.There is also depersonalization - the loss of the feeling of one's own "I", like "I" is not "I".As part of this violation, a person may feel that the soul has left the body and is now watching from the outside.It is worth noting that derealization and depersonalization can acquire a persistent character and disturb the patient even outside episodes of using spice. Drug intoxication can also be accompanied by the onset of panic attacks, delusions and even hallucinations.
Under the influence of spice people become very impulsive, behave inadequately.They can take off their clothes in a public place, because they are cold, they can start dancing, sing loudly.They are not embarrassed that such behavior is abnormal and attracts the attention of surrounding people.
When a high dose of spice is used, the patient loses the ability to control his actions .In this state, a person can aimlessly stereotypically move from corner to corner or walk in circles, while bumping into objects.This, of course, carries the risk of injury.
The average narcotic intoxication when using spices lasts about two to three hours .It is worth noting that against the background of spice, the mood changes quickly from fun to anguish.Another characteristic feature of the use of spice is the redness of the eyes.
Regular use of spices does not pass without a trace.Over time, the patient's range of interests is narrowed, intellect is disrupted, 's ability to work and learning ability is decreasing.Often in search of new impressions after spices, the dependent passes on to other drugs.
Treatment of spice dependence
Treatment features depend on the stage of drug dependence. So when the physical dependence is formed, it is shown the conduct of drug therapy, in particular, detoxification.The main emphasis is on the psychological rehabilitation of ..For this, the patient is placed in a rehabilitation center where psychotherapy is administered both individually and in groups.A social rehabilitation is mandatory, the function of which is to return a person to society.
Grigorova Valeria, medical reviewer