Prevention of colic in newborns
Minimal dysfunctions of the digestive system include intestinal colic, constipation and regurgitation in infants.But if for adults this is a minimal problem, then for a newborn they are classified as global.Such digestive disorders inflict quite severe discomfort on the baby and make his parents' sleepless nights.And the most unpleasant moment are intestinal colic - this acute pain in the abdomen is of a paroxysmal nature and the kids frenzied up to several hours in a row.
Causes of a digestive disorder in newborns
Doctors identify several factors that can trigger the appearance of intestinal colic in a baby:
- child asphyxia during childbirth;
- fetal hypoxia during pregnancy;
But this phenomenon may occur during the transfer of the child to mixed or artificial feeding, especially often intestinal colic disturbs children when it is transferred from mother's milk to cow's milk.Even though cow's milk is a source of fat, essential amino acids and other nutrients, the baby's body is often unable to digest this product.This is due to the peculiarities of the structure of the proteins of cow's milk, which leads to the formation in the stomach of a newborn dense curd bunch.This clot is very difficult to digest, irritates the mucosa of the digestive tract, and the result is not only intestinal colic, but also regurgitation, constipation and other problems in the work of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
Of course, the ideal nutrition for the newborn is mother's milk.But in some cases, it just is not enough to fully saturate the child!In addition, there may be other reasons for the transfer of the baby to artificial feeding - for example, the child is too badly gaining weight, the mother is forced to take medications.What should be done in this case, in order to avoid the appearance of digestive disorders in the child?
Choosing a mixture for artificial feeding or complementary feeding
When it comes to some special nutrition for a newborn, there can be no choice - parents should follow the pediatrician's appointments clearly.But in other cases, a competent pediatrician will recommend giving preference to mixtures for feeding newborns made with goat milk.The fact is that the composition of goat's milk is closer to the mother's milk than the cow's.
Ingredients of cow's milk in the baby's stomach will necessarily turn into a hard-to-digestible bunch, but goat's milk contains more accessible proteins and fats that are easily broken down in the digestive tract, quickly digested and do not provoke the development of digestive system disorders.When you get into the stomach of a newborn mixture on the basis of goat's milk, form soft curdled flakes( not bunches!), Identical to those that are formed after the use of mother's milk.The content of nutrients and vitamins in mixtures in goat's milk is fully adapted to the needs of the newborn baby.
The solution to the problem of intestinal colic, constipation and regurgitation is best left to pediatricians - the specialist will be able to prescribe to the child a suitable preparation that will restore the normal activity of the digestive system.But it is much easier for parents to take care in advance that their baby is healthy even when transferring it from natural to artificial feeding.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapeutist of the highest qualification category.