Intoxication with influenza and sorbents
Influenza is a disease that causes a person to change their habitual rhythm of life.Moreover, everyone perfectly understands why there is a high fever, coughing and choking in the throat, but why there are joint aches and discomfort in the muscles, headache, weakness and apathy are not known to anyone.Meanwhile, similar symptoms are due to intoxication, which is caused by toxins produced by influenza viruses.It is for this reason that during the flu the kidneys and liver begin to function worse, some patients complain of nausea, diarrhea( diarrhea) and vomiting.That is why doctors recommend during the treatment of influenza not only use specialized medicines, but also enterosorbents - they eliminate the body from toxic substances.Contents: The manifestation of intoxication with the flu How to eliminate intoxication with the flu
The manifestation of intoxication with the flu
During the development of the disease under consideration, the body's immune system comes into contact with foreign microorganisms, and the result is the destruction of natural "defender" cells.Substances that are produced as a result of such destruction, have a toxic effect on the human body - the state of health worsens.
Influenza viruses have the ability to penetrate the bloodstream, which can lead to damage to the cells of the central nervous system and cerebral vessels.Hence, various complications arise, deterioration of blood circulation in the brain, problems with the respiratory and vascular system, exacerbation of chronic pathologies.
If the course of the flu is uncomplicated, then the intoxication of the body will be moderate and manifest as follows:
- general weakness;
- increased body temperature;
- pallor of the skin;
- sleep disturbance;
- appetite impairment;
- pain in muscles and joints;
- unstable blood pressure.
The intensity of these symptoms can be different, but it depends on the overall health of the patient and the type of pathogen of the flu.As soon as the body temperature returns to normal, the symptoms of body intoxication are weakened, and the person's well-being is significantly improved.
Doctors note that the appearance of signs of body intoxication is more characteristic in the first hours of the disease.The most intense deterioration of health is observed in the first three days of the disease, but if some bacterial infection has joined the flu, the intoxication syndrome becomes more prolonged, and nausea, vomiting and diarrhea( diarrhea) may add to the above symptoms.
How to eliminate intoxication with the flu
To get rid of the symptoms of intoxication with the flu, you need to help the body remove toxic compounds. This can be "organized" in the following ways:
- plentiful drink;
- special diet;
- reception of enterosorbents;
- application of hepatoprotectors on a plant basis.
The use of a large amount of fluids in the flu not only replenishes the lost fluid from the body together with sweat and mucus from the respiratory tract, but also provides a quick withdrawal of toxins along with urine.Doctors recommend taking as an abundant drink infusion of dog rose, water with honey, fruit berries, non-carbonated mineral water, herbal teas and juices.Moreover, the temperature of drinking should be 37-39 degrees - this will ensure a rapid absorption of liquid into the bloodstream.
In addition, abundant drink promotes the prompt removal of mucus from the respiratory tract, and this also "works" to improve the patient's well-being.
Many patients with the flu ignore the recommendations of doctors to eat on a diet, and meanwhile a properly formulated diet helps strengthen immunity and eliminate intoxication syndrome. Recommendations of doctors on the organization of nutrition for influenza:
- The menu should consist of light meals that are quickly digested.
- All food should be warm, but in no case cold or hot.
- Food is served in a soft form so that the patient can easily chew it.
- From the diet for the period of illness are excluded sharp, fried, flour and fatty dishes.
Immediately specify: such medicines should be selected only by a specialist!Uncontrolled use of even the best and proven hepatoprotectors can lead to deterioration of well-being.
In general, these drugs are taken in order to improve the performance of the liver - this body takes the main blow with intoxication, so it will need help from the outside.That's just the diet, along with hepatoprotectors and has a supporting, restoring effect on the liver.
Doctors give preference to the considered medicines, which are made on the basis of plant raw materials.
They are able to bind toxic substances in the intestines and prevent their injection into the total bloodstream.Enterosorbents are taken 1-2 hours after eating and taking other medications.The dosage of enterosorbents is established in strictly individual order, all depends on the patient's age and the level of intoxication.
If the body's poisoning is intense, enterosorbents are taken for 14 days, and after a break of 7 days the course of administration is repeated.If the symptoms of intoxication on the background of influenza are poorly expressed, then doctors prescribe a course of taking enterosorbents 3-5 days.
Note: enterosorbents not only relieve the patient of the common symptoms of intoxication, but also prevent the development of nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Overview of enterosorbents used for the flu
There are a lot of drugs under consideration, but the most popular of them will be considered in the presented material - they are available in each pharmacy and the cost is quite adequate.
Produced in the form of an organosilicon powder for the preparation of a suspension.Polysorb provides sorption, detoxification and antioxidant effects - this is what the body needs for influenza.
The dosage of Polysorba depends on the body weight of the patient and is determined by a special table, which is available in the annotation( instruction) to the drug.Take this drug should be 3-4 times a day, and the duration of admission can vary within 3-15 days.
Contraindications to ingestion Polysorb:
- bleeding from the stomach or intestines;
- gastric or duodenal ulcer in the acute stage;
- individual intolerance of the drug;
- intestinal atony.
The preparation is available in the form of an organosilicon hydrogel, has excellent binding properties, which facilitates the rapid removal of toxins from the body and improving the patient's well-being.
The daily dose is divided into three parts and is determined only by the age of the patient :
- Children under 3 years of age should take 2 teaspoons a day;
- children aged 3-5 years - 3 teaspoons per day;
- children aged 5-14 years - 3 dessert spoons per day;
- adults - 3 tablespoons per day.
Duration of admission of the drug in question can be variable and vary within 3-15 days.
Note: Enterosgel is categorically contraindicated in case of intestinal obstruction.But if this pathological condition is eliminated, then the drug intake is not limited to anything.
Produced in powder form for the preparation of a suspension.Smecta not only connects and removes toxic substances( toxins) from the body, but also eliminates digestive disorders - nausea, vomiting and diarrhea( diarrhea).It is these properties of the drug in question that make it possible to take it with influenza that occurs with severe intoxication symptoms.
The dosage of the drug depends only on the patient's age:
- children under 12 months of age - 1 packet per day;
- children aged 1-2 years - 1-2 packs twice a day;
- children over the age of 2 years - 1 packet three times a day;
- adults - 1-2 packs three times a day.
Smect powder, which is in a bag( this is just one dose) is dissolved in 100-150 ml of water( 1/2 cup).The duration of reception of the enterosorbent under consideration is variable and can be 3-15 days.
Contraindications to admission Smecta:
- intestinal obstruction;
- individual intolerance of the components that make up the preparation in question;
- insufficiency of sucrose-isomaltose;
- fructose intolerance;
- disorders of absorption of glucose-galactose.
Liquid charcoal and liquid charcoal for children
These preparations belong to the group of combined products and in their composition have natural natural sorbent pectin and insulin, which belongs to prebiotics.There are in the composition of liquid coal and liquid charcoal for children and additional components that can affect the clinical picture of intoxication with the flu:
- succinic acid - activates the work of the liver;
- taurine - improves cellular metabolism and increases the level of energy production.
Please note: in the Liquid Charcoal for children, as an additional component, contains fennel extract, which eliminates the discomfort caused by digestive disorders during intoxication.
The contents of the sachet must be dissolved in water and mixed vigorously.Accepted drugs Liquid coal and liquid charcoal for children 2-3 times a day( one sachet and there is one dose).
Liquid charcoal for children and Liquid charcoal are allowed for admission to children from the age of three!
Reception of enterosorbents is an important stage in the treatment of influenza.If such medications are taken in the right dosage and according to the schedule, the recovery occurs more quickly, and the consequences of intoxication with the flu will not be severe, or altogether absent.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapeutist of the highest qualification category.