Vascular "stars" on the legs: methods of treatment, removal and prevention
Nowadays very few people have lower limb vessels in perfect condition.They suffer from those who work standing up, periodically lifting weights, and from office workers spending the whole day in a sitting position.Vascular "asterisks"( telangiectasias) on the legs are pathologically enlarged small intracutaneous blood vessels( capillaries) that appear through the skin.Contents: What are vascular "stars"?Varieties of vascular "stars" Causes of pathology Treatment of vascular "stars" on the legs
What are vascular "stars"?
The question of how to remove vascular "stars" is more of a concern for the fairer sex.Physicians are usually addressed by women aged 30 to 40 years, but the first changes in capillaries usually develop much earlier.
Note: in men "sprockets" are detected somewhat less often, but this is due not to the faultless condition of the vessels, but rather to the greater thickness of the skin.
Undoubtedly, blue and red veins do not adorn anyone, but "asterisks" is not just a cosmetic defect.Teleangiectasia indicates weakness of the vascular walls and is one of the first symptoms of developing varicose veins.If there are vascular "stars" on your feet, you should visit a phlebologist soon, which will make a plan for treatment.Varicose veins - this is a very serious disease, to combat which is much easier at an early stage of development.
Treatment, including the removal of vascular asterisks with a laser is performed in most cosmetic centers.
In addition to vascular networks, problems with the vessels of the legs are indicated by the following symptoms:
- leg pain in the evening;
- feeling of fatigue and constant heaviness in the legs;
- convulsions and spasms of the musculature in the region of the shins.
Varieties of vascular "stars"
Telangiectasias can differ in location, color and shape.
In women, on the inner surface of the thighs, as a rule, linear, parallel "stars" of red or blue color appear.Defects localized on the outside, usually have a tree-like shape, and they are located more often around the circumference.
Note: the appearance of telangiectasias on the shins indicates a venous insufficiency."Zvezdochki" on the hips are characteristic for hormonal imbalance.
Causes of pathology
Teleangiectasias appear due to a significant decrease in the tone of small vessels.
The main factors predisposing to the development of the initial stage of varicose veins:
- family predisposition( genetically determined weakness of connective tissue);
- excessive load on the lower limbs;
- insufficient physical activity( with "sedentary" work and hypodynamia);
- arterial hypertension( high blood pressure);
- pregnancy( changes occur against the background of hormonal adjustment);
- period of menopause;
- gynecological diseases;
- reception of hormonal preparations( including means for contraception);
- chronic liver pathology;
- heart disease;
- endocrine pathology;
- skin damage( with peeling or due to frostbite)
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- frequent visits to saunas and baths;
- excessively frequent exposure to the sun;
- smoking and alcohol abuse;
- age-related changes( aging of the body);
- overweight( obesity);
- the habit of sitting "foot on foot."
Note: is the lighter the skin of a woman, the more noticeable is the telangiectasia.
Treatment of vascular asterisks on the legs
Despite the fact that this pathology itself does not cause physical discomfort, one should think about the state of their health.Chronically expanded capillaries of the skin unambiguously indicate the presence of disorders in the body.Teleangiectasias tend to gradually but steadily progress, especially if the immediate cause of their occurrence is not timely eliminated.The smaller the affected area of the body, the easier it is to get rid of the pathology.
Removal of small vascular "stars" is carried out using conservative techniques.With severe pathology resort to sclerotherapy, radio wave therapy, electrocoagulation or laser treatment.
Electrocoagulation ( microthermocoagulation) involves the removal of a pathologically altered vessel through a very thin current conductor.Electrodes with gold or Teflon coating are used for the procedure.This is the best way to eliminate small-area single telangiectasias.During the procedure, there is no damage to healthy vessels and surrounding tissues.
Removal of vascular asterisks by laser( coagulation) is the best method for eliminating a fairly common vascular network.Radiation is selectively absorbed by the affected capillaries, as a result of which the vessels are heated.The walls are "glued together" under the influence of high temperature.Photocoagulation is not performed if the patient has a dark skin or a well-defined sunburn.
With sclerotherapy, , a special drug, sclerosant, is introduced into the capillary.The substance promotes the adhesion of the walls with subsequent infection of the vessels( not only capillaries, but also small veins).This technique is widely used in the treatment of extensive "nets" on the legs.Contraindication to the procedure is the individual increased sensitivity to the components that make up the drugs.
Complications of radical procedures can be the appearance of scars and pigment spots on the skin.
Important: contraindication to invasive procedures is the period of pregnancy and breastfeeding.
In order that the asterisks do not appear again, after passing the procedures, patients must always wear a special compression knitwear, which provides the necessary pressure on the capillaries, and take medications that strengthen the vascular walls and increase their elasticity.Lymph drainage massage is also recommended.
If, for one reason or another, radical treatment is contraindicated or the procedure must be postponed, the patient is shown a course of conservative therapy.
The following are most commonly prescribed:
- Ascorutin( vitamin preparation for oral administration);
- Venitan( gel for external use);
- Lyoton( ointment-anticoagulant);
- Troxevasin( gel with vitamin components for application to problem areas).
These ointments and tablets strengthen the walls of the capillaries and prevent vascular thrombosis, which allows eliminating telangiectasias and preventing their appearance.
An effective agent for increasing vascular tone is the Fleobodia 600 angioprotector. A distinctive feature of this drug is that the active substances strengthen the walls of the capillaries and veins not only from the outside, but also from the inside.By appointment of the attending physician, tablets for oral administration of Flebodia 600 can be used even during pregnancy.
How to remove vascular "stars" with the help of folk methods?
Treatment of vascular asterisks on the legs can be carried out using folk methods.They are safe and not associated with serious costs.
A good therapeutic effect allows you to achieve a compress of fresh tomatoes.Tomatoes need to be cut into thick round slices, put on problem areas and pribintovat.It is recommended to change the compress every 4 hours.Procedures should be carried out daily until improvement occurs.After the compress you need to lubricate the skin with a nutritious cream.
An excellent remedy against "stars" is apple home-made vinegar.Juice from apples of late varieties should be kept in an open bowl for about 3 months, periodically tasting.Ready to use vinegar is applied to problem areas of the legs 2-3 times a day.This recipe allows you to eliminate small telangiectasias in 1-1.5 months.
For wiping the lifts of feet and shins, you can use the water infusion of the curative Kalanchoe plant.To prepare a remedy, you need to take a 0.5-volume can and fill it with crushed dry leaves of the Kalanchoe to about half.Pour the substrate with boiling water and insist in a dark place for a week.Wipe problem areas every day.
From the vascular "asterisks" well helps with the decoction of needles.Two cups of pine needles should be poured with a liter of boiling water and put on a slow fire.After 10-15 minutes the ready-made broth should be cooled, filtered and added infusion of chamomile( 200 ml of boiling water for 2 tablespoons dried flowers).The preparation is used for the preparation of warm foot baths.Procedures should be done daily for 30 minutes.
You can also prepare floral infusion for compresses.You need to take half the glass of dried flowers of calendula and chamomile, add 1 liter of boiling water and insist for an hour.Gauze compress with infusion should be imposed on the vascular "asterisks" daily.
Note: to improve the tone and strengthen the walls of capillaries, it is advisable to take multivitamin preparations, as well as consume more freshly squeezed juices;Especially useful cabbage, carrot and plum.An excellent source of necessary vitamins are fresh and frozen berries of cherry and cherry.
Traditional healers recommend using for vascular "asterisks" vodka tincture of dope seeds.The drug also allows you to stop pain in the legs.100 grams of seeds should be poured into 0.5 liters of vodka or 405 ethanol and insist two weeks in a dark place, shaking the container daily.Ready tincture should take 15 drops per day 2 hours after dinner, diluting the drug in ½ cup of water.Duration of the course treatment is 1 month, after which a break of 6 months is necessary.The drug is contraindicated for pregnant and lactating women!
Important: An important condition for the successful treatment of folk remedies is a continuous coursework.Only in this case it will be possible to achieve a stable therapeutic effect!
Physical exercises for improving the tone of the vessels of the lower extremities
- Take the initial position( standing, legs apart, shoulder width apart).Slowly lift the heels from the floor to a height of about 5 cm, and then drop them sharply.Repeat the exercise 10-15 times.
- The starting position is the same as before.After removing the heels from the floor, transfer the weight of the body to the socks and fix this position for a few seconds.Then transfer the weight to the heels, lifting the socks, and stand for 4-5 seconds.Return to the starting position.Exercise should be done within 1 minute.
- The next exercise is walking on the spot.Socks do not need to be torn off the floor;Just lift your heels.
- Lift the left leg, bending it at the knee joint at an angle of 90 °.Rotate the foot alternately inward and outward for half a minute.Repeat the exercise for the other leg.Make 3 sets for each limb.
- Lift your left foot and perform a vigorous shake for 5 seconds.Return to the starting position and repeat the exercise for the other leg.Make 4 approaches.
After completing this set of exercises, go to the water procedures;A 5-minute contrast shower for feet is recommended.
How to prevent the appearance of vascular "stars"?
To prevent the appearance of telangiectasias on the legs, do not wear high-heeled shoes, or tight tight pants.Try not to abuse sunbathing and hiking in the solarium, saunas and baths.Instead of hot baths, it is better to take a shower.
Watch for weight and refuse fatty, fried, pickled and too salty food.Try to avoid excessive physical exertion.
If at work you are constantly forced to be in a sitting position, take breaks several times a day, and perform leg exercises.Try to find time for walking every day.
It is recommended to take a daily position with legs raised above the head for outflow of blood( at least 30 minutes).
If you suffer from nicotine addiction, make every effort to at least limit the number of cigarettes you smoke, because nicotine causes a vasospasm.
Plisov Vladimir, medical reviewer