एशियाई आंख चीरा: सर्जरी, blepharoplasty
The Asian section of the eye is characterized by a narrow eye gap and the absence of folds in the region of the mobile upper eyelid.Many people consider such eyes too narrow, small and inexpressive, dreaming to make the look more open.Thanks to the achievements of modern surgery it became quite possible!Table of contents: Who needs an operation?When can not do blepharoplasty?How to prepare for blepharoplasty?Methods of correction What can be complications?How does rehabilitation work?Expected results
Who needs surgery?
The operation aimed at correcting the Asian section of the eyes is called blepharoplasty.This surgical procedure has no medical indications.Blepharoplasty is performed in accordance with the patient's desire to change the incision of the eyes, make the eyes wider and more expressive, and the appearance - more European.
Note: The Asian incision is not unique to the representatives of the Mongoloid race!With such an external feature people of different nationalities, in connection with traumatic injuries, age changes and genetic diseases( for example, Down's syndrome).
In some cases, people who have Asian eyes, living in European countries, have serious difficulties with social adaptation, personal life and even employment, so carrying out blepharoplasty for them is the only chance of solving these problems, getting rid of various complexes and psychological discomfort.
Plastic surgeons select the following indications for correction:
- overhanging eyelids;
- skin folds localized around the eye corners;
- omission of the corners of the eyes;
- appearance of fatty bags in the eyelid area.
Successfully performed blepharoplasty helps to get rid of all these drawbacks, correct the incision and the size of the eyes.
When can not do blepharoplasty?
Blepharoplasty, aimed at correcting the Asian section of the eye, like other types of plastic surgery, has a fairly wide range of contraindications.
The following factors are attributed to them by the doctor:
- ophthalmic diseases;
- phase of exacerbation of diseases occurring in chronic form;
- malignant neoplasm;
- serious violations in the work of the cardiovascular system;
- endocrine pathology;
- systemic blood diseases;
- increased indices of intracranial pressure;
- dry eye syndrome;
- Inflammation of the eye tissues;
- venereal diseases;
- presence of acute infectious processes in the body;
- renal and hepatic pathology.
Blepharoplasty is also contraindicated in future and nursing mothers, persons under the age of majority!
Important! Before the correction of the Asian section of the eyes, the patient necessarily undergoes a medical examination, which allows to exclude the presence of possible contraindications!
How to prepare for blepharoplasty?
Preparation for blepharoplasty involves an obligatory visit to such specialists:
- plastic surgeon;
In addition, the patient gives blood tests( general, detailed, biochemical) and urine, makes a fluorography and electrocardiogram.In some cases, an ultrasound examination of the internal organs may be required.
Approximately 2 weeks before surgery, the patient should refrain from smoking, drinking alcohol, Aspirin and hormone medication.Also it is necessary to keep to a diet, moderately using light food( with the exception of fatty, fried, salty, smoked dishes).On the day of the most blepharoplasty, you should completely stop eating and drinking!
To correct the Asian eye incision, plastic surgeons apply such methods:
- Open.During the operation, the surgeon makes a small incision near the upper eyelid of the patient, through which the excess fat and skin tissues are removed.It is possible and partial removal of ocular circular muscles.After this, the specialist forms a double fold in the upper eyelid and imposes sutures.Such an operation is performed under the influence of general anesthesia.
- Closed method - does not imply carrying out surgical incisions.Such a technique is considered to be minimally invasive and maximally safe.However, the effect from it is observed only in the case of a slight ptosis of the eye tissues.During the surgical intervention, the doctor puts several stitches along the line of suppression of the skin and muscular groups responsible for raising the upper eyelid.After these seams heal, a double crease is formed, making the incision of the eyes more open and European.Such an operation is performed under the influence of local anesthesia.
- Bottom plasty - is a method of additional correction, allowing to remove excess skin integuments or fatty hernial formations localized in the region of the lower eyelid.Intervention is carried out through a small incision, which is done in the ciliary line of the lower eyelid.
- Laser blepharoplasty is a fairly new surgical procedure used to correct the Asian incision of the eyes.During surgical intervention, excess skin and fatty tissues, characteristic of Asian-type eyes, are excised by the action of a laser beam.Since the laser stimulates the natural mechanisms of elastin and collagen production, this procedure also has an additional lifting effect.Laser correction for today is considered the least traumatic, bloodless and painless, and is characterized by an accelerated recovery period.
The average duration of blepharoplasty aimed at correcting the Asian incision of the eyes can last from half an hour to several hours, this depends on the methods of surgical intervention and the individual characteristics of the patient.
What can be complications?
Changing the Asian eye size surgically can trigger the development of the following unwanted complications in the patient:
- excessive dryness of the ocular membranes;
- divergence of the applied seams;
- pain in the eyes;
- protrusion of eyeballs;
- ovulation of the eyelids;
- cystic formation;
- intolerance of bright light.
Important! Most complications can be eliminated by inpatient treatment.In some cases, there may be a need for a re-surgery.
To reduce the risks of developing dangerous complications, you can strictly follow the medical recommendations in the rehabilitation and rehabilitation period.In the presence of any anxious, suspicious symptoms, be sure to contact your doctor without self-medication and without resorting to methods of traditional medicine!In this case, it can be very dangerous!
How does rehabilitation work?
Patients can be discharged from the patient's clinics on the day of the surgery( if blepharoplasty was performed by minimally invasive methods), and every other day.The duration of the full recovery period takes about 2-3 weeks.
Please note: can be named only by its attending physician for the exact term of rehabilitation, since the duration of recovery depends on the methods of blepharoplasty, individual characteristics and even the age category of a particular person!
In the first days of rehabilitation, the patient may suffer from swelling, bruising and pain.This painful condition can be alleviated with the help of analgesic and antibiotic drugs recommended by the doctor.Use of ophthalmic ointments during this period is not recommended.When severe swelling occurs, it is better to apply ice or cold compresses.
The stitches are usually removed a few days after the plastic surgery.In most cases, patients return to work activities already a couple of weeks after the operation.However, if your profession requires excessive eye strain or intense physical exertion, it is better to stay at the hospital longer, giving yourself the opportunity to fully recover!
During the recovery period( within a month), the patient should observe the following recommendations of specialists:
- to refrain from excessive physical exertion;
- to ensure a proper rest, good sleep;
- to abandon the use of eye creams and decorative cosmetics;
- not to wear lenses;
- use eye drops recommended by a doctor to eliminate dryness and possible inflammation;
- going out, be sure to wear sunglasses;
- to avoid activities requiring visual apparatus tension( reading, working at a computer, watching TV for a long time, etc.);
- to stop smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages;
- sleeping lying on the back;
- avoid sunburn, visit the steam room or sauna.
Important! Compliance with these simple rules will allow you to minimize the risks of possible postoperative complications and accelerate the period of complete recovery!
In some cases, patients resort to such physiotherapy procedures that accelerate rehabilitation:
- microcurrent therapy;
- lymphatic drainage massages;
After the completion of the rehabilitation period, edema and hematomas come off, the results of blepharoplasty become noticeable.The patient acquires what he aspired to - large, expressive eyes with a European incision, an open look.A month later, small scars become less noticeable, and after a maximum of a half-year period - disappear completely.For the fair sex, this operation facilitates the use of make-up and opens up new opportunities for eye make-up!
Qualitatively carried out blepharoplasty, in the absence of serious complications, does not require additional correction, and the results of this surgical intervention persist throughout the life of a person!
Chumachenko Olga Medical Consultant