Sedatives: a review of sedatives
Stresses, problems, troubles - is there a person who has not touched these conditions at least once in his life?It is not surprising that in difficult periods of life you want to be calm and confident - and important decisions are made easily, and the way out of the problem situation is quickly.Advertising literally imposes sedatives that will help cope with irritability, insomnia and bad mood.But is it worth it to trust this information unconditionally?Doctors generally argue that no sedative can be taken without prior examination and appointment of a specialist."Calm yourself" - this phrase implies not only auto-training, but also the reception of safe for health and effective soothing drugs.What should you know about them and how not to make a mistake in your choice?Table of contents Types of sedatives Overview of the most popular sedatives
Types of sedativesRecommended to read:
There are several hundred medications in the medicines registry that belong to the sedative group.But not all of them are safe for general health and are released in pharmacies without a doctor's prescription - some medicines of this category are generally accepted only in a hospital and under the supervision of medical workers.Therefore, it is important to know the classification of sedative medications so as not to make a mistake in the choice.
The safest drugs are sedatives - they will remove irritation, provide a deep sleep, adjust the psycho-emotional background.But it will be better to seek medical advice from a doctor - it can be a therapist, a psychologist, a family doctor.
Overview of the most popular sedatives
A lot of medications with sedative / calming effects are realized in pharmacies - it's difficult to choose something concrete.Below is a brief overview of the most popular sedative drugs available without a prescription.
Persen: instructions and indications
Very soft soothing, contains in its composition an extract of valerian root, lemon balm and mint. Persen has classic sedative properties:
- reduces irritation;
- reduces internal tension;
- stops the progression of chronic fatigue.
Persen perfectly helps with insomnia - sleep will be deep, and rest is full.And the mint that is part of the product under consideration increases appetite - usually with neurasthenic conditions, the desire to eat food sharply decreases.Take Persen should be 1 capsule( or 2 tablets) 2-3 times a day, depending on how high the level of irritation, fatigue.If you need to get rid of insomnia, Persen will help in the dosage of 1 tablet / capsule per day for 60 minutes before bedtime.Contraindications to the use of Percene are diagnosed peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, hypertension, individual intolerance or hypersensitivity to the components of the drug. In addition, it is undesirable to take this drug with:
- of cholelithiasis and other pathologies of the biliary tract;
- deficiency or lactose intolerance;
It is absolutely forbidden to use Persen when carrying out therapeutic measures in children under 12 years of age. Important: with frequent use of Persen may reduce psychomotor reactions, so you should be careful when driving a car or doing dangerous work.
Novopassit: instructions and contraindications
This is a complex preparation that consists of extracts of medicinal plants and guaifenesin.Has a sedative effect, can eliminate fear, reduce the feeling of anxiety. Novopassit can be used for mild forms of neurasthenia( this diagnosis should be made by a doctor), fatigue, absent-mindedness and memory disorders in mild form. In addition, the drug in question will help with:
- headaches against a background of nervous tension;
- is a migraine.
Consume Novopassit 5 ml( 1 teaspoon) three times a day, and if necessary, to increase the effect the doctor may recommend increasing the dosage to 10 ml of solution three times a day.It can be taken in its pure form, it can be diluted, or it can be added to food or drinks. Contraindication to the use of Novopassitis is:
- muscle weakness;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract ulcerative;
- hypersensitivity to components;
- age is up to 12 years.
Note: novopassit can cause the occurrence of side effects - dizziness, slight tremor of the upper extremities, nausea and vomiting.In this case, you must immediately stop taking the medication and seek help from the doctors - they will conduct both detoxification and correction of the pattern of use until the drug is replaced.
Tenoten: instructions and contraindications
Refers to nootropic drugs, has a tablet form of release, has a calming and anti-anxiety effect.The preparation is exceptionally synthetic, there are no vegetable components in its composition.Tenoten is taken with nervous states, increased excitation, irritation, sharp mood swings.Tablets should be taken 1 piece twice a day - they are placed in the mouth and do not swallow, and dissolve until complete dissolution.Duration of admission - 1-3 months, as prescribed by the doctor, it can be extended up to 6 months. Contraindications to reception of Tenoten:
- children under 18 years of age( if necessary, appoint a special Tenoten child);
- hypersensitivity to the drug components.
Note: tenoten is considered to be a sufficiently safe soothing drug, in some cases it is prescribed even to pregnant women.There are practically no side effects, only an allergic reaction is possible.Tenten's course of treatment is 1 month, but if there is no positive dynamics during 3 weeks, stop taking the tablets and seek help from specialists.
Drops Zelenin: instructions and contraindications
Extremely natural preparation - it contains only natural components:
- extract of belladonna;
- root extract and valerian leaf;
Zelenin drops can be safely taken with emotional excitement, irritability and insomnia.If by virtue of the specialty of the profession one has to be constantly stressed( MES, police, Ambulance), taking Zelenin drops will help restore / stabilize the psychoemotional background.The regimen of taking the sedative in question: 2-3 times a day you need to drink a maximum of 25 drops.Duration of admission is set individually, but experts do not recommend exceeding the period of 2 months.Contraindicated Zelenin drops to use in diagnosed glaucoma( closed-type), endocarditis and myocarditis and hypersensitivity to the components of the drug. Important: against the background of the application of the drug in question, inhibition of psychomotor reactions may occur, therefore it is necessary to be extremely attentive to the drivers of transport and to people whose professional activities are fraught with danger.If the drops of Zelenin are taken within 2 weeks and there is no change for the better, then it is advisable to change the drug. Soothing means can be prescribed not only to adults, but also to children.Doctors argue a lot about how appropriate it is to use at the age of 12-18 years of sedative / nootropic drugs intended for adult patients.The only thing about which medical workers say with certainty - without the knowledge of a doctor, without preliminary examination of children, it is absolutely forbidden to give any sedatives.
Syrup Bunny - natural soothing for children
This preparation contains fructose and is intended specifically for children of childhood.As part of the Lactobacillus syrup, there are:
- Motherwort herb;
- rhizome of valerian;
- peppermint( leaves);
- balm( stems and leaves);
- hawthorn( flowers);
- Chamomile officinalis( pharmacy, only flowers are used);
- cumin( fruits);
- barberry( fruits);
- vitamins C and B6.
Hibernation Syrup is recommended to give children a restless, moody, moody, hyperactivity disorder.The preparation in question is very effective in the period of preparation for school or kindergarten, Zaychonok syrup will help to cope with irritation, anxiety and in the first days of the child's stay in the new team.Dosage for children over the age of 3 years is 1 teaspoon three times a day, older children can consume 2 teaspoons three times a day.Syrup can be diluted with drinks, add it to food. Important: The maximum duration of syrup intake The hare is 2 weeks, but if the child receives complaints about nausea, abdominal pain, itchiness on the skin, then stop taking the medication, visit a doctor and consult about the correction of the pattern of use.
Adapting to sedatives
It is believed that sedatives are not addictive and can be used "in a free schedule."In fact, doctors warn of the dangers of developing drug dependence - this can happen even against the background of using soft soothing. Adapting to sedatives can develop in two ways:
- Addictive on a psychological level.The question is that a person begins to think that without medicines he will not be able to solve some minor domestic troubles, hold a conference or negotiations with investors.Solve the problem will help a doctor therapist, it is very rare to independently cope with the drug dependence of a psychological nature.
- Physiological addiction.In this case, there is a decrease in the effect of sedatives - the person remains irritable( although there was a clear improvement earlier), nighttime sleep is either completely absent or is unstable, feelings of anxiety and fear become more intense.In this case, you need to give up the use of a particular sedative and consult a doctor for correction of the appointment.
Soothing agents can be taken on their own.Moreover, many of the medicines of this group can be purchased in pharmacies without a prescription. But you should remember a few "iron" rules:
- sedatives should not be taken for more than 2 weeks without special doctor appointments;
- if there is no effect after the first three days of using the chosen sedative, then you must abandon the drug;
- in the event of a sharp decline in psychomotor reactions, the appearance of dizziness, reduced concentration of attention must necessarily stop taking the remedy.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapist of the highest qualification category