Urethritis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Urethrorrhea is what penile discharge is called, which refers to a collective concept and can mean a physiological or pathological discharge.
If we talk about the physiological discharge from the penis, then first of all it is worth mentioning the libidinal urethra.In men, a transparent liquid( secret) can be released from the penis, and it flows freely.Libidinal urethrorrhoea refers to the norm, occurs at times of intense sexual arousal.The volume of such physiological discharge is variable - it can be very small or abundant, it all depends on the individual characteristics of the male body.In extremely rare cases, physiological discharge from the penis appears in the male during the act of defecation.Table of contents: Description of the urethraeus Physiological urethrorrhea Pathological urethrorrhea Diagnostic measures Treatment of the urethrorrhea
Description of the urethrorea
Note: in some cases, physiological urethra, accompanied by the allocation of too much secretion, can signal the development of any pathology of the genitourinary system.
Pathological discharge from the penis usually takes place when infected with a venereal disease.But in some cases, pathological urethritis appears generally regardless of the presence of any inflammatory process - in this case, doctors will suspect a tumor process in the organs of the reproductive system( benign or malignant neoplasms), trauma or problems with the functioning of the nervous system of a man.
In addition to libidinal urethrorrhoea, it is possible to include smigma as well as physiological secretions from the penis - this is the secret of the glands located under the very flesh and directly in the very head of the penis.As a rule, the total amount of smegma in a man stands out a little, and with exact observance of the rules of personal hygiene, it is easily washed off from the penis.But if the hygiene procedures are performed with violations or not at all, then the smegma will begin to accumulate under the foreskin of the penis, which will lead to the development of inflammatory and / or infectious processes.
The group of physiological discharges from the penis includes also pollutions - an arbitrary ejaculation occurring at night and most often in adolescence.Doctors emphasize that the pollutions can be and at quite adult men, for example, at long sexual abstinence.
Of course, a person who is far from medicine can distinguish pathological separations from the penis from physiological ones.The fact is that the pathological urethra is distinguished by a changed amount of secretions( they are likely to be abundant and frequent), color( discharge may be yellow, green, with a trace of blood), consistency( the discharge will be either too liquid or excessively thick)Periodicity of occurrence.
In addition, the nature of pathological discharge from the penis depends on which pathogen is in the body of the man, which pathology triggered the urethra.
It is noteworthy that the same pathology can be manifested in different patients in different pathological discharges.At the same time, different pathologies of the reproductive system can have an absolutely identical urethrorrhoea.That's why only by external signs to find out which pathology triggered the appearance of pathological discharge from the penis, it will not be possible to find out - the man will have to undergo a full-fledged examination.
Types of excretions in pathological urethrorrhea:
- Mucous membranes.The excretions are transparent, the consistency is viscous.Such discharge from the penis is characteristic for chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis.
- Muco-purulent.The liquid is secreted from the penis translucent, milky, consisting of urethral mucus, inflammatory exudate and leukocytes.Similar secretions are inherent in chlamydia, ureaplasmosis and mycoplasmosis during periods of exacerbation.
- Purulent.The liquid is allocated a sticky, thick consistency, the color has a pronounced yellow or green-yellow.Such a urethrorrhoea is a sure sign of the development of gonorrhea.
But you need to understand that pathological urethra can occur not only in the development of sexually transmitted diseases, but also in the following cases:
- Prostatitis.Allocations will be moderate in quantity, mucous or mucopurulent, which depends on the period of progression of the disease.
- Not gonorrheal urethritis.Inflammation of the urethra is accompanied by secretion of mucopurulent secretion, the amount of which is usually moderate.
- Balanoposthitis.This is an inflammation of the extremely flesh of the glans penis, so the urethra will be characterized by a large amount of mucopurulent or completely purulent secretion.
- Spermatorrhea.This is a condition in which the penis results in semen outside the sexual act or masturbation.This condition is always associated with a violation of the tone of the muscular membranes of the vas deferens, which indicates a malfunction of the nervous system of a man.
- Hematorea.Blood is extracted from the urethra, which indicates a trauma to the urethra.This can happen with an instrumental examination of the urethra, a swab of the smear from the urethra.
- Prostoreya.From the urethra spontaneously secretes the secretion of the prostate gland.This indicates the development of prostate diseases.
The doctor necessarily conducts a full examination of the patient with discharge from the penis.
First, blood is taken for general analysis and control of the number of leukocytes and urine to identify problems in the functioning of the kidneys and the urinary system.Secondly, the doctor takes a sample secreted from the penis secret for laboratory research - this will allow not only to reveal the true cause of the phenomenon under consideration, but also the causative agent for the selection of medications.Thirdly, the study of secreted secret by the polymer chain reaction.
Treatment of urethrorrhoea
If a man has a physiological urethrorrhoea, then no treatment is required - this is understandable, because discharge from the penis in this case is considered the norm.
With the discharge from the penis of a pathological nature, there is no specific, unequivocal treatment.The doctor will first find out which pathology caused the urethraea and only after that can appoint an effective, competent treatment regimen.
Note: attempts to get rid of the pathological urethrorrhoeia are simply inadvisable - there will be no result, since the cause of the discharge from the penis remains untouched.
Prevention of urethritis does not exist - you just need to follow preventive measures against sexually transmitted diseases and regularly undergo examinations with specialists for timely diagnosis of inflammatory and tumor processes.
Urethraya is not a dangerous and completely cured condition.But this classification can be classified only if the man in a timely manner turned for help to specialists and undergoes a full course of effective treatment.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapist of the highest qualification category