Blood test for a child

The very first blood test for a baby is taken at the maternity hospital, and then at the age of three and twelve months. However, preterm infants, in the presence of severe rhesus conflict in the mother with the child, with intrauterine infection and several other pathologies it can hold before, in one month. Also, the blood test is prescribed according to the indications, with the current diseases of the baby. This is a clinical or general blood test - one of the most used and very informative.

The norm of a child's blood test is a relative term. According to the rules, a clinical blood test is taken from the morning on an empty stomach, but it is difficult to keep a baby child hungry. In this regard, as far as possible analysis is best done in two hours after the last feeding. The indicators vary depending on age and even sex( according to recent studies).Approximate table of indicators is presented below, although even here the deviation from the norm are acceptable.

normal values ​​for different ages

instagram story viewer

Indicators

1 day to 1 month.

3 months

6 months

1-2 years

2-6 years

6-12 years

Hemoglobin g / l

220-230

130-165

110-135

115-130

110-120

110-130

120-140

Platelets109 / l

200-430

210-360

180-400

180-400

180-400

180-400

180-400

Red blood cells 1012 / L

5.7

4.7

4.2

46

4.7 4.7 4.6

ESR mm / h

1-2 3-7 4-10

4-10 4-10 2-11

2-11

Leukocyte formula

1 day

1 month

3 months

6 months

1-2 years

2-6 years

6-12 years

109 leukocytes / l

10-22

7-13

7-11

6-11

4-12

4-10

4-8

segment-nuclear

34-45% 15-22

21,5-23,5

15-23,5

22-45 40-50 35-45

wand-nuclear%

17-25

2,5-4

3,5-4,5

3,5-4

3,5-4

3,5-5

4-8

Lymphocytes%

15-25

45-70

50-60

50-55

45-55

36-50

35-45

Monocytes%

4-9

4-12

4-10

4-10

4-10

5-9

4-8

Eosinophils%

1-

5 2-6 1-5 1-5

1-5

1-6

1-5

Basophils 0-1%

0-1 0-1 0-1

0-1 0-1 0-1

Hemoglobin

Promoted: diseases that are accompanied by an increase inTotal number of erythrocytes. This primary and secondary polycythemia, including congenital heart disease, cardiac or pulmonary insufficiency. Thickening blood consistency( for burns, vomiting, dehydration, ileus

Lowered: for any form of anemia

Erythrocytes

Increased:... At the absolute and relative erythrocytosis Absolute - under hypoxic conditions( chronic lung disease, congenital heart disease, relative - Reductionplasma volume while maintaining the quantity of blood erythrocytes Thickening vomiting, diarrhea, burns, increasing and decreasing edema

:.. as a result of protein deficiency, iron, vitamins

Platelets

enhanced.:When inflammation( systemic inflammatory disease, tuberculosis, osteomyelitis). In anemia due to blood loss, in some types of hemolytic anemia. condition after surgery.

Lowered: in the period of newborns( critical prematurity, hemolytic disease of the newborn).

ESR

Increasing values: inflammatory processes, intoxication, acute chronic infections( osteomyelitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis, syphilis).With anemia, with kidney disease( nephrotic syndrome, chronic nephritis).

Decrease in values: fasting, reduction in muscle mass in the child. Leukocytes

They perform protection functions provide microbial phagocytosis, cell debris, foreign substances while participating in immune reactions.

elevated( leukocytosis) is in acute inflammation and certain infectious diseases, acute and chronic leukemia, malignant tumors, with extensive burns, post-operative condition.

Increased( leukopenia): with physiological conditions, with fasting. Often carries hereditary character. Often in some viral and bacterial infections( influenza, sepsis, viral hepatitis, measles, rubella, malaria, mumps, HIV, miliary tuberculosis.

Leukocyte formula

Her research is of paramount importance in the diagnosis of hematological, inflammatory and infectious diseases, as well as. assessing severity of the conditions and the effectiveness of the therapy at the same time, any changes in leukocyte counts are not specific - they can be similar nature in various diseases or ANSPmouth, can meet different changes for the same pathologies in different children.