Drugs for constipation in children
Constipation is a delay in emptying caused by the slow movement of stool in the intestines. Among all pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract in children, constipation is the most common. There are many methods to combat this ailment, but the most commonly used drugs are constipation in children.
Drugs for Constipation
Bisacodyl is a laxative and carminative agent, which is a derivative of diphenylmethane. Its effect is based on stimulation of the secretion of the mucus of the large intestine, which increases the peristalsis of the latter. The effect is observed a few hours after ingestion, and in case of its use in the form of suppositories - during the first hour. Bisacodyl is prescribed for children and adults with constipation.
Guttalax. It is used in the treatment of stool retardation and functional constipation in children. It contains sodium picosulfate. The drug is prescribed for various types of constipation, including those resulting from a prolonged stay on bed, changes in diet and diet or caused by common diseases. Guttalax is prescribed for cleaning the intestine before surgery, prescribed to facilitate emptying in various diseases requiring soft bowel defecation.
Lactulose is an effective laxative that stimulates the peristalsis of the large intestine. Its advantage is that it is not absorbed in the small intestine and does not degrade in the stomach. Lactulose is cleaved under the action of the intestinal microflora to low-molecular organic acids, which entails a decrease in pH in the large intestine and promotes the reproduction of lactic acid bacteria. This leads to an increase in the volume of feces.
Magnesium hydrochloride is a salt laxative. In the stomach, hydrochloric acid is neutralized to form magnesium chloride. The drug has a laxative effect, stimulating the peristalsis of all parts of the intestine.
Macrogol is a high-molecular compound, which, thanks to its structure, is capable of retaining water molecules. The laxative effect is achieved by increasing the volume of fluid in the intestine and, as a consequence, enhancing peristalsis. Macrogol begins to act 24-48 hours after administration and leads to normalization of the stool for a week. The drug is not absorbed in the digestive tract, is not metabolized, prevents the loss of electrolytes with feces. Assign adults and children with constipation.
Norgalax is a laxative drug used in enemas. The active substance is docusate sodium, which softens the caloric mass and stimulates the emptying of the rectosigmoid part of the intestine.
Normakol. The preparation is made on the basis of a sterile glue, which is a mucilage of vegetable origin. This hydrophilic compound is not adsorbed in the digestive tract and is not metabolized. The principle of its action is based on increasing osmotic pressure and, as a consequence, increasing the volume of fluid in the intestines, which increases peristalsis.
The leaves of the hay. Used for treatment in adults and children constipation of a chronic nature. The laxative effect is observed after 6-10 hours. The active substances are emodin and chryphonic acid.
Vaseline oil ( paraffin liquid).Promotes the softening of stool in the intestines, thereby increasing their volume and stimulating defecation. It is not absorbed into the intestine. Assign children with "restraining" and conditioned reflex locks. It is shown that the short-term intake of petroleum jelly inside has an insignificant effect on the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, electrolytes, nutrients. Assign for chronic forms of constipation.
Castor oil. Extract from castor seeds. In the small intestine, it is digested with lipase, forming ricinoleic acid. The latter causes irritation of the receptors on the walls of the intestine and thereby enhances its peristalsis. The laxative effect is observed after 5-6 hours after administration. Assign with constipation.