Sleep of the child: how much the child should sleep
A child's full sleep is one of the most important factors of his normal development.Many parents simply do not know how much their baby should sleep at all, but this question can not be answered unequivocally.The fact is that much depends on the nature of the child - too active is unlikely to like sleep, he will try to spend a maximum of time in wakefulness.But there are also such kids who, on the contrary, sleep much - calm, balanced.Both these options are considered the norm, provided that the child eats well, does not act upset, gaining weight according to established norms and feels great.
In this article, we give only some of the generally accepted recommendations for the duration of sleep in childhood!It is not necessary to intensively "adjust" the daily routine of each baby to the norms, one should only control his state of health and be able to understand the causes of sleep disturbances.Table of contents: Sleep of infants How much does the child sleep in 3 months? Sleep of a child aged 6 to 12 months? Sleep of a child aged 1 to 3 years
Sleep of babies
It is believed that children under 3 monthsSleep 16-19 hours a day, and newborns - for 20 hours.True, they often wake up enough to eat, but it happens every 3 hours( the indicator is very conditional!).There is no need to wake a baby for the next feeding, the newborns themselves will wake up and give a signal that they feel hungry.
There are babies who can sleep and 5-7 hours in a row without a break for food - it is also considered the norm if newborns gain weight well.Usually these children should wake up every 2-3 hours specifically for feeding, and how to do it accurately, the pediatrician or health visitor will tell.
How many a child sleeps in 3 months
At this age the child sleeps a little less than the newborn - no more than 15 - 16 hours a day.And, 5-6 hours out of the total amount is at day time, and all the rest - at night. Some children at three months old can wake up twice during the night sleep, and the reasons for this awakening can be:
- A sudden alarm.Toddlers often have something to worry about, but usually such a factor does not allow a three-month-old baby to finally wake up, so, most likely, in just a few minutes the child will fall asleep again.
- The blanket fell.Usually children feel thin when a blanket falls off them, but in that case just cover it and gently pat on the back.As soon as the baby feels the presence of the mother, he will calm down and fall asleep again.
- Wet diapers.Of course, now almost all parents themselves make their lives easier and actively use disposable diapers.But some babies already at such a small age clearly feel discomfort, even in an unfilled diaper.Soothing the awakened child for this reason is useless, you will need to take it neatly in your arms and change.Only do it quietly, not playing with the baby and not including a bright light - it will give an opportunity to understand the child that at night nothing interesting happens at all.
Note: at three months of age infants often confuse day and night.In this case, the advice from point 3 will help, and, it will be necessary to have patience for parents - it's not easy to fix a biorhythm failure.
Sleep of a child aged 6 to 12 months
Children of this age sleep 12-14 hours a day.If a child wakes up at night, then parents are likely to have already learned to understand the causes of such anxiety and are able to quickly correct them.Often the kid at this age wakes up "just like that," he does not even cry, but clearly is capricious.The best thing in this situation is to take the child in his arms, stroke him on the back, whisper tender words into his ear.As soon as the kid feels that the person closest to him is nearby, he will calm down and fall asleep again.
At the age of 6-12 months, children usually already have a favorite soft toy, or a small pillow - these are things that you can snuggle in a dream, so do not remove them from the crib.
Sleep of a child aged 1 to 3 years
At this age, children sleep 10-12 hours a day.It is at this age that one should already start the daily routine, perform certain rituals before the night rest.
How to prepare a baby for sleep
It is advisable to do the same things with the child before a night's sleep, from day to day.To begin the ritual it is necessary for 60 minutes before a dream, but it is possible and earlier.Below are listed recommended actions, signaling the time of going to bed. Each of these actions takes an average of 10-15 minutes:
- you need to play with the kid in some quiet game, let the background be calm, peaceful music;
- together with the child you need to go brush your teeth, go to the toilet, put on your pajamas;
- it is necessary to read the book, or tell the kid a fairy tale.
Only now you can put the baby in his crib, cover with a blanket, put next to his favorite toy, which should be soft.
Sleep of children from 3 to 5 years old
This age also implies a 10-12-hour sleep of the child, basically this time falls on a night rest.If a toddler at this age is attending a pre-school institution, he necessarily rests also in the daytime, when it takes 2 hours to sleep.
The above recommendations for preparing a baby for bed are suitable for the age of 3-5 years, especially since the ritual should become a familiar .There is one problem with sleeping at night in children of the specified age - kids often wake up because of nightmares.In no case should children be frightened by the "Baba Yaga", the house and other creatures, in the evenings, do not allow children to watch cartoons with bad characters.
If a child has woken up from a nightmare, then quietly calm him, press him to him, but do not ask about the dream.The fact is that such inquiries can excite the baby, he will be afraid not only to sleep in his bed, but also to stay away from his parents.
A schoolboy's dream
As a rule, the pupils of the school should sleep about 10 hours a day.It must be remembered that the child will have to get up early in the morning, so the time of the lights out in the evening should be determined taking into account this factor.
If the parents ignore this recommendation, the student will not get enough sleep at all, which leads to a backlog in education and health problems.
To determine just how fully a child sleeps, you just need to assess his state of health.If he does not complain about headaches, weakness, fatigue, eats well and actively behaves during periods of wakefulness, then there is no reason to increase the time of sleep.Recommended to read:
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapist of the highest qualification category