Vomiting in a child without diarrhea
Diseases of children - the cause of unrest for parents. Usually, childhood illnesses have a comprehensible and clearly expressed cause of origin( ate something stale, blew in a draft, soaked feet, etc.).But it happens that the diseases arise from nowhere and without any apparent grounds. To timely help your child, it is necessary to understand the cause that caused the ailment, and then competently eliminate it. Often, children have vomiting - involuntary release of the contents of the digestive system, which occurs with a sharp contraction of the diaphragm and abdominal muscles. It happens that vomiting in a child without diarrhea occurs.
Why children have vomiting
As a rule, vomiting is a symptom of a number of diseases in a child. It can indicate the diseases of the central nervous system, allergic manifestations, diseases of the gastrointestinal and digestive tract.
If there was a sudden vomiting in the baby without diarrhea, this in no way indicates that your baby has a disability of the digestive tract.
In the first months of life, vomiting in a baby without diarrhea is a common phenomenon. The cause may be an incorrect position of the baby when feeding or with a special structure of the digestive tract. After six months after birth, this is observed much less often, the digestive tract in the child starts to work quite well. As your child grows up, vomiting does not go away.
If the child has a very excitable vegetative nervous system, then vomiting without diarrhea can indicate his nervous tension. For example, a child does not accept this or that situation( the teacher does not like it, no relationships with peers, etc.).Vomiting can also be an allergic reaction when the child is intolerant of any medications( sulfonamides, antibiotics, etc.), food.
If the child repeatedly vomits and is accompanied by headaches, lethargy, drowsiness, then this may indicate a "cerebral vomiting".In infants, it can occur after severe birth injuries. In older children, vomiting without diarrhea can be a sign of hypertension, migraine headaches, and craniocerebral trauma.
What to do if a child has vomiting without diarrhea
If vomiting occurs in a small child during feeding, then it is necessary to stop feeding and not give the baby food for the next 2 hours. If the baby lies, then you need to turn his head at least 30 degrees. This will prevent the vomit from suffocating the vomit. Clean the mouth cavity, as well as the baby's nipple from the remnants of food. Then wash the child and be sure to caress him so that he will calm down.
If your child has vomiting - an allergic reaction to the medicine, then ask the doctor to prescribe your baby another drug( in another form).In some cases, the doctor may completely stop taking medications.
If your child repeatedly vomits without diarrhea and is accompanied by uncharacteristic behavior for the child( poor sleep, anxious, complaining of pain, etc.), then consult a specialist immediately. Vomiting and fever may indicate inflammation of the membranes of the brain, tonsillitis or other diseases. In this case, call the doctor immediately.
Vomiting in the child causes dehydration of the body, so before the doctor comes it is necessary to prevent dehydration. You can give your child( up to a year) a drink every few minutes on a teaspoon of liquid. If your child is more than one year old, then give 3 tablespoons of drink every 5 minutes.
What can not be done when vomiting in a child without diarrhea
It is not recommended to rinse the baby's stomach( even try to do it), give antihistamines or antiemetics, drink potassium permanganate.
And most importantly, if your child has even a one-time vomiting, which is not accompanied by diarrhea, be sure to go with him to see a doctor. It is necessary to do this in order to avoid various complications in the child in later life.