Dish bloating in the child
In children, bloating( intestinal colic), the phenomenon is frequent and is observed in all children without exception. These colic in most cases are not pathology, but adaptation of the body, that is, the gastrointestinal tract to new conditions. Baby, being in the womb of the mother did not digest food and in the very first weeks of life was under the influence of maternal hormones, which have a beneficial effect. The first two weeks the baby uses only mother's milk for food. Its volume is small, so it's easy to digest it. By the third week of the baby's life, the amount of necessary food increases, in moms, usually milk begins to decrease during this period and the baby consumes milk excessively saturated with carbohydrates, which contribute to the formation of gases. Colic in the abdomen.
The word "colic" comes from the Greek word "kolikos", which in translation means "pain in the large intestine."Colic is characterized by paroxysmal pains in the abdomen, which is very disturbing to the baby. Frequent colic is a serious problem for the baby's parents. The onset of bloating is often due to underdevelopment of the intestine at the time of birth of the baby. The intestine eventually grows up, and the abdominal swelling of the baby disappears. The main treatment for meteorism and intestinal colic is the correction of nutrition of the mother and child, as well as the use of drugs that are used against bloating.
The main cause of swelling is the accumulation of a large number of gases in the intestine. In children, especially in infants, colic occur much more often than in adults. Colic in the intestine is characterized by spasm of the intestinal wall with bloating and is accompanied by severe pain. The child becomes restless, loudly cries and knits. A healthy baby bloating is observed after dinner, closer to the evening and lasts only 20 minutes. As a rule, intestinal colic ceases at the age of 3 months of babies.
A child's bloating may be due to digestive system diseases, so it is best to show the baby to the doctor so that he can determine why there are problems. At the time of birth, babies are not sufficiently formed in the nervous system and intestine, and therefore intestinal colic occurs.
Causes of bloating.
Causes that can cause a child to swollen belly can be swallowing air during feeding. During sucking, the baby swallows a lot of air, which often comes in the form of regurgitation. In order to prevent regurgitation of the baby after feeding it is necessary to hold it vertically so that the swallowed air can exit without food. In the event that the baby belches a lot and constantly need to make sure that during the feeding you keep it correctly and be sure to notify the doctor.
The next cause of bloating may be feeding unadapted formula. If the mixture is diluted incorrectly, it can also cause colic.
Lactose deficiency, that is, the absence of an enzyme that breaks down lactose, the main element of breast milk and most mixtures, can also cause bloating in babies. In addition, the child may develop constipation or vice versa severe diarrhea. For children with lactose deficiency, there are special mixtures without lactose.
The next cause of intestinal colic is an allergy to cow's milk protein. That is, not all babies can consume cow's milk, so there is a problem with the intestines.
Enterocolitis, which occurs against a background of intestinal infections, also causes bloating and bring a lot of trouble for the baby and his parents.
Intestinal dysbacteriosis is one of the main causes of intestinal colic. To determine if the baby has dysbacteriosis, the doctor assigns a series of studies that will accurately determine the presence of abnormalities in the flora of the intestine and prescribe the right treatment.
If the baby has an intestinal colic, first try to do without medications. After each feeding, try to keep the baby for a while in an upright position, so that the air swallowed by the baby is released. During an attack, put the baby on the tummy with a warm water bottle or prepare a warm bath.
Please pay attention to the correct preparation of the mixtures. If the baby is still breastfed, the mother should not eat black bread, pickled vegetables and cabbage.
Up to three months of age in children, the onset of intestinal colic is practically a physiological condition and the correction of nutrition of the mother and baby can not in this case help. Therefore, the treatment is carried out by carminative drugs, that is, drugs against bloating. At the moment, one of the most effective means is Espumizan. The drug after it enters the intestine is not absorbed into the blood, so it does not have a harmful effect on the baby's body. This preparation is produced in the form of an emulsion with a measuring spoon. For a baby, one measuring spoon is enough for one appointment. Use the drug can be 3-5 times a day, mixing it with food for the baby.
An effective means for bloating the abdomen in a child is the gas pipe, which can be purchased at the pharmacy. Before use, the tube is smeared with sterile vegetable oil to make it easier to inject into the anus. Gases can come out with calories, so you should put the tube in a container. At the end of the procedure, you should wash the anus and lubricate it with baby oil.
Fennel fruits and essential oils are considered to be excellent stimulants for digestion. They promote an increase in the secretion of gastric juice and increase intestinal motility, which contributes to the rapid dissociation of food and its further absorption. The active substances of these drugs prevent the accumulation of gases in the body of the child and promote their withdrawal.