Kiwi: benefit and harm
Kiwi fruit is exotic, its homeland is China.But in Europe, kiwi was brought from New Zealand - it was there 120 years ago learned to excrete cultivated varieties of the product, differing in a larger mass compared to their wild "fellow".By the way, and the name of the fruit was received in New Zealand - kiwi is called a small bird, which is almost a symbol of the country and is depicted even on coins.
Nutritional value of 100 g:
- Caloric content: 47 kcal Protein
- : 0.8 c
- Fats 0.4 g Carbohydrates
- : 8.1 c
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- Dietary Fibers: 3,8 g
- Organic acids: 2.5 g
- Water: 83.8 g
- Unsaturated fatty acids: 0.1 g
- Mono and disaccharides: 7,8 g
- Starch: 0,3 g
- Ash: 0,6 g
- Saturated fatty acids: 0.1 g
The trace elements:
- Calcium 40 mg
- Magnesium 25 mg
- Sodium 5 mg
- Potassium 300 mg
- Phosphorus 34 mg
- Chlorine: 47 mg
- Sera: 15 mg
- Vitamin PP: 0,4
- mg beta carotene:
- 0.09 mg Vitamin A( RE): 15. mu.g
- Vitamin B1( thiamine): 0.02 mg
- Vitamin B2( riboflavin): 004 mg
- Vitamin B6( pyridoxine) 0.2 mg
- Vitamin B9( folic): 18.5 g
- Vitamin C: 180 mg
- Vitamin E( FE): 0.3 mg Vitamin PP
- (Niacin equivalent): 0.5 mg
- Iron 0.8 mg Zinc
- : 0.29 mg Iodine
- Copper mcg 135 mcg
- Manganese: 0.21 mg
- Fluoride 14 ug
- Molybdenum 10 mcg
- Boron: 100 mcg Cobalt
- 1 ug
- Aluminum: 815 ug
Kiwi has a rich composition of vitamins and micro / macro.In its composition there are vitamins of the B line, but vitamin B6 is of more interest - it retains visual acuity and strengthens the lens.In the fruit, there are also vitamin C, and D, and E.
The flesh of the fetus contains folic acid, flavonoids, organic acids, sugars and pectins, actinidin and other substances useful to humans.And kiwi is an ideal option for losing weight: 100 g contains only 47 calories!And this is despite the fact that botanists insist on berries( namely, on this classification of the product under consideration) contains a large amount of sugar - even diabetics need to use it with great caution.
The benefits of kiwi - how it will help
The kiwi pulp contains a fairly large amount of potassium - this mineral substance has a beneficial effect on the walls of blood vessels, strengthens and tones them.Therefore, the fruit is indicated for use by people with persistently high blood pressure( hypertensive patients).Potassium is contained in kiwi very much - it is enough to eat one fruit a day to take the daily rate of this substance, which is necessary for normal vital activity of the body.Potassium in the fruit is combined with magnesium, so for people with a heart attack, kiwi should become a familiar dessert on the table.
A unique combination of minerals in kiwi pulp prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thrombosis and even comes into the struggle with aging - scientists have accurately established that the regular eating of one fruit a day "pushes" the moment gray hair appears.
Kiwi has the ability to remove excess fluid from the body, which helps people with diagnosed kidney stone disease, but you need to be careful and consult with your doctor before using kiwi - in some kidney diseases the fetus is contraindicated.
Due to these useful properties, kiwi is recommended for use even for pregnant women, but with the caveat - it is necessary to exclude hypersensitivity or individual intolerance to exotic fruit.
And the most pleasant for women - kiwi contains large quantities of enzymes that have the ability to burn fats.Therefore, exotic berries will be an excellent way to lose weight.But nutritionists warn: even in the absence of contraindications it is undesirable to eat more than 3 pieces of kiwi per day.
Harm to kiwi - to whom it is contraindicated
First and foremost, kiwi is contraindicated to allergic people - before using this exotic fruit you need to undergo allergotests.After all, the flesh and the "fluffy" surface of the fetus present a real danger for people with hypersensitivity or individual intolerance.In contact with this fruit, allergic people can develop swelling of the tongue, an attack of suffocation, dermatosis of the pharynx.
It is undesirable to use the described fruit of an exotic plant to people with diagnosed gastritis, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.True, it is worth to clarify - if gastritis is diagnosed with a decreased acidity of gastric juice, then kiwi, on the contrary, will be very useful.
Kiwi contains a lot of water, so it can heavily load the excretory system - some kidney diseases serve as a contraindication for the use of this fruit.For example, if a person has only one kidney or is diagnosed with glomerulonephritis, kidney cancer.
Kiwi has strong laxative properties - any poisoning, accompanied by diarrhea( diarrhea), becomes a categorical contraindication to the introduction of the described product in the diet.
How to eat kiwi
Kiwi is very useful in fresh form - its pulp has a pleasant taste, and the quantity of vitamins and micro / macro elements is completely preserved.But jam and jams, sauces for meat and various desserts are prepared from this fruit.With heat treatment, the described product loses up to 60% of nutrients, so nutritionists strongly recommend not only to improve the taste of ready-made meat dishes and desserts, but to taste it fresh.
Some manufacturers of alcoholic beverages use kiwi as a flavoring - they make liqueurs and wine.But you need to know - in this form the exotic fruit loses all its useful properties.
Kiwi in cosmetology
Cosmetic manufacturers use extracts of kiwi to make the cream from wrinkles, moisturizers, shampoos and lotions for face cleansing.
What can be done from kiwi at home:
- face masks - the fruit pulp should be connected to any fatty product( milk, sour cream, cream);
- hair conditioner - in this case you need dried kiwi skin;
- facial cleanser - will have to apply a special heat treatment of fruit pulp.
The simplest thing is to clean the kiwi, eat a healthy pulp, and apply the inner side to the peeled skin of the face.
How to choose kiwi
When buying kiwi, pay attention to the :
- skin color - it should be uniform;
- presence of stains and mold - no sign of rotting on the fruit should be;
- ripe berries - kiwi should not be very hard or excessively soft.
There are "bald" kiwis on sale - nothing surprising: it is such a sort of exotic fruit that has all the useful properties of a conventional, classic fruit.