What should I do if my child has hair?
Why do children who spend most of their time lying in bed lose their hair?The reasons are simple - the hair is greatly weakened with constant friction against the pillow, so the observed phenomenon is observed by the parents on the back of the head and on the baby's head.In principle, this hair loss is not terrible, because already by the 12 months of his life, the children have recovered their hair.However, there are other causes of hair loss in children.About them - furtherTable of contents: Common causes of hair loss in children Alopecia areata in children Ringworm in children Other causes of hair loss in children
The most common causes of hair loss in childrenRecommended reading:
Possible causes of lossHair in childhood:
- Rickets.This disease is accompanied not only by the phenomenon under consideration, but also by weight loss, muscle weakness, deformation of bones.As soon as the course of treatment of rickets is passed, the amount of hair on the head is restored immediately.
- Overheating of the skin of the head.Many parents notice that hair loss increases in the cold season, when children wear hats, scarves, tight hoods.It turns out that the hair follicles do not get enough oxygen, there is a violation of blood circulation in the vessels of the scalp.As soon as this cause is eliminated, hair loss stops, and the amount on the head of the baby is restored.
Alopecia areata in children
Often, the hair of children fall out in their entire hearths - such "bald spots" are formed on the crown and occiput.Similar areas on the scalp do not blush, do not flake and do not itch, and the borders are marked by thin, straight, light hairs.
Such a disease in childhood is extremely rare and the reasons for it are still not known reliably.Doctors suggest that focal loss of curls in childhood can be directly related to hereditary predisposition and disruption in the endocrine system.
Note: in some cases focal alopecia in childhood can be triggered by immune diseases when antibodies are produced against its own cells.As a result, the hair follicles simply die.
There are no medications that can quickly stop focal alopecia.Doctors use for this complex therapy - treat children with vitamins, prescribe irradiation of affected areas of the scalp with ultraviolet rays, use placental means.It is believed that a very effective method of combating focal alopecia is injecting into the scalp of corticosteroids.But such procedures are extremely painful, so they are not used in pediatric practice.
Ringworm in children
This is a fairly common disease that is characterized by the formation of spots on the head with clear boundaries, flaking, with hairs falling( they first break off almost at the root).The ringworm is diagnosed only in a medical institution by taking a biomaterial( scraping from the affected area) for laboratory testing.
It will not be completely cured of this disease in 8-10 weeks.During the treatment the sick child should be isolated from other kids, he is given a separate dish, personal accessories for hygienic procedures.After the main therapy, the patient is supposed to undergo a course of physiotherapeutic procedures, which will quickly restore the strength and health to the hair bulbs.
Other causes of hair loss in childrenWe recommend reading:
It is generally believed that the cause of hair loss in a child can become a variety of factors. But doctors distinguish several basic:
- disease of bacterial etiology;
- damage to the scalp by mechanical means;
- diseases accompanying severe fever;
- stressful situations.
Many parents believe that hair loss in a child is associated with the development of a malignant disease( cancer), but it is not.Physicians and scientists have clearly established that there is no connection between these two states.And hair drop out when diagnosing cancer only after irradiation, chemotherapy - it is such an aggressive effect on the body and kills the hair follicles.
It is very important that the child is fully nourished - yes, the products also have a big impact on the health of the hair.The menu should include fresh fruits and vegetables, meat and fish of low-fat varieties, flour products, cereals, milk and sour-milk products.But crisps, chips, sweet fizzy drinks, fast foods do not exactly add health, will lead to a violation of metabolic processes - this can also be a trigger for hair loss.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapeutist of the highest qualification category