Cystitis in men: symptoms and treatment at home
Cystitis is an inflammatory disease that occurs when the bladder membrane is damaged and irritated.Pathology can be acute or chronic, with periodic exacerbations.
Representatives of the stronger sex suffer from this disease much less often than women, due to the peculiarities of the structure of the urinary canal.
Important! To avoid the development of complications, treatment must begin immediately.Table of contents: Causes of cystitis in men Classification of cystitis in men
Causes of cystitis in men
Physicians distinguish two main forms of this disease in men - acute and chronic.The clinical picture is pronounced in acute form, and chronic cystitis can last for years without symptoms.
Factors that may cause disease:
- allergic reactions;
- infection of the ureters and kidneys;
- introduction of mycobacterium tuberculosis into the bladder;
- chronic foci of infection in the body;
- is a sexually transmitted infection;
- prostatitis and urethritis;
- exposure to radiation.
Undercooling is the main factor in the development of cystitis in men.Often men with cancer or prostate adenoma face this pathology.
The causative agent of acute cystitis is proteus.Pathology can also occur under the influence of E. coli, cocci and other infections.
Classification of cystitis in men
Correct diagnosis will help knowledge of all types, forms and causes of the disease.
By the nature of the flow
- Acute. Emerging for the first time, or twice a year.After the treatment of acute form, laboratory parameters come back to normal.
- has a steadily latent flow.This form is diagnosed only by endoscopic examination;
- rarely develops;
- is exacerbated twice a year or more often.
Exacerbation of pathology in latent flow manifests itself as a subacute or acute cystitis.
- Persistent. Appears twice a year.Laboratory indicators indicate an inflammatory process in the body.
- Interstitial. Severe form of chronic cystitis in men.It manifests itself in the form of constant pains and frequent exacerbations.
Important! Characteristic changes in the mucosal wall of the bladder determine the acute or chronic form of cystitis.
Primary and secondary cystitis
- Primary. develops on its own and is not a consequence of pathologies in the body:
- acute current develops due to thermal, medicinal, neurogenic, infectious, alimentary, toxic and chemical causes;
- parasitic cystitis.
- Secondary. Occurs due to any pathology in the body:
- vesicle form;
- is an extraspecific form.
Diffusive and cervical cystitis
Types of cystitis depending on which part of the bladder is inflamed:
- Neck cystitis.The neck of the bladder becomes inflamed.
- Trigonite.The urinary bladder becomes inflamed.With this form, often there is a vesicoureteral reflux, when urine is thrown into the ureter with reaching the kidneys.Against this background, pyelonephritis and congestion can develop.
- Diffuse cystitis.Inflammation of the entire wall of the bladder.
Catarrhal, ulcerative and others
Types of cystitis characterized by changes in the mucosa and underlying structures:
- Cystic.Inflammation with the formation of a cyst.
- Gangrenous.Dying tissue of the bladder occurs.
- Phlegmonous.It is characterized by a large amount of pus in the urine.
The type of inflammatory process depends on the state of the immune system and the pathogenic properties of the pathogen.
Rare forms of cystitis
- Cystitis with bilharzia( urogenital schistosomiasis).
- With actinomycosis( fungal infection).
- Malacoplacty.The appearance of characteristic plaques on the mucosa of the bladder or other organs, which is accompanied by inflammation.
- Cystitis with purpura.
To correctly diagnose and prescribe an adequate treatment will allow a thorough examination of the urologist.
Symptoms of cystitis in men
The first symptoms a man can determine by himself .For this pathology the following are typical:
- general weakness and temperature increase up to 37 degrees;
- urine with an admixture of pus, mucus and blood;
- pain in the lower abdomen;
- burning with urination;
- frequent urge to urinate.
Please note! Frequent urge to urinate is the main symptom of acute cystitis.
Also, the main symptoms of the disease are:
- painful urination, appearing above the pubic and burning;
- urine becomes turbid and an unpleasant odor arises;
- urinary excretion in small portions;
- involuntary urinary excretion in small portions;
- appearance of an impurity of blood in the urine.
Symptoms persist for two weeks.If the cystitis is not treated, it goes into a chronic form.
Diagnosis of pathology
To correctly establish the form of cystitis, it is necessary to undergo a complete examination, which includes:
- Inspection of a specialist.
- Laboratory and instrumental research.
Inspection of the urologist
This stage of the diagnosis includes a patient questioning, urological examination, prostate examination through the rectum and palpation of the penis.This will make it possible to understand whether the symptoms are signs of prostatitis, adenoma or orhoepididymitis.
The method allows you to clarify the nature of the inflammatory process and identify the causative agent of cystitis. It includes:
- general analysis of urine and blood;
- bak-sowing the contents of the urethra and urine;PCR-technique, scraping.
If necessary, the doctor can prescribe additional studies: blood biochemistry, prostate-specific antigen level, immunogram and others.
It is carried out with the purpose of specification of the reason provoking a cystitis at the man.
To this end, designate:
- ultrasound of the prostate and kidney.Comprehensive urodynamic study.
- Cystoscopy, cystography.
With an exacerbation of a chronic form, ultrasound of the bladder is not carried out, because during this period it can not be filled with urine.
Treatment of cystitis in men
Treatment of acute cystitis is most often performed in a hospital and under the supervision of a physician.Drugs are prescribed only after the final diagnosis.
The general recommendations for therapy include:
- Abundant drink and bed rest.Take fever at a temperature.Eliminate salted, sour and sharp foods from the diet.
- After determining the pathogen and setting its sensitivity to drugs, antibiotics are prescribed.
- Phytotherapy.Anti-inflammatory and diuretic herbal preparations are indicated.Well-proven funds on a plant basis: Phytolysin, Kanefron, Cyston.
- For the treatment of pain, antispasmodics and NSAIDs are prescribed.
- When detecting STDs, certain treatment regimens are used for the preparations of each of the detected diseases, which provoked the development of cystitis.
- If necessary, wash the bladder with antiseptic solutions.
- After removing acute symptoms, apply the treatment with magnetolaser therapy, mud therapy, ultrasound and UHF.
Cases in which surgical treatment is required:
- Chronic cystitis, developed as a result of prostate adenoma.Dissect part of the prostate, or remove it completely.This operation will restore the outflow of urine, and the inflammation completely disappears.
- Gangrenous cystitis.Remove the dead tissue of the bladder.If necessary, conduct plastic.
Pyelonephritis is the most common complication of cystitis.This kidney disease is so serious that without treatment it can make a person disabled, or even lead to death.
If the recommendations of the urologist or improper treatment are not observed, the cystitis can go to the interstitial stage, in which the inflammation spreads to the muscle tissue.This complication can lead to the need for a bladder transplant.
Also, a common complication of cystitis in men is a bladder ulcer.
Prevention of cystitis in men
Compliance with simple recommendations will prevent the development or relapse of pathology:
- Do not allow prolonged constipation.
- Maintain personal hygiene.
- Use condoms during intercourse.
- Avoid local and general supercooling.
- Do not wear tight underwear made of synthetic fabrics.
- Do not let urine stagnate.
If the first, even minor symptoms appear, contact the urologist immediately so that he can conduct a complete examination, make the correct diagnosis and prescribe adequate treatment.
Radevich Igor Tadeushevich, a sexually pathological andrologist of the 1st category