Inflammation of the abdominal cavity in children
Inflammation of the abdominal cavity, in other words peritonitis is one of the most severe purulent diseases, accompanied by a number of complications and lethality. Inflammation of the abdominal cavity in children can be caused by an inflammation of the appendix. In addition, in children inflammation of the peritoneum can also cause infectious enterocolitis initiated by the causative agent of typhoid fever or staphylococcus, as well as the defects of the walls of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. In rare cases, inflammation of the cavity occurs due to inflammation of the gallbladder or ovaries. Especially severe inflammation of the peritoneum occurs in infants and young children.
Inflammation of the peritoneum in children
The child's body temperature rises to 38-39 degrees. Vomiting and abdominal pain may occur. If the inflammation develops, there may be a disturbance of the heart rhythm. At a fence and the analysis of a blood it is possible to see the raised or increased level of leukocytes. In infants, inflammation of the peritoneum is manifested by a thin and frequent stool, in older children - on the contrary, constipated. With the development of a purulent process, the child's condition worsens. There is a strong thirst, a painful expression of the face, pallor and earthy shade of the skin, dryness of the mucous membranes, absence of urination. There is a violation of water-salt balance in the body, which is a huge danger to the life of the child.
If the inflammation of the peritoneum is caused by an inflammation of the appendix, then at the onset of the disease, the deterioration of the child's condition may even not be noticed. The disease begins with a change in breathing, after the remaining symptoms manifest themselves.
In another form of inflammation of the peritoneum - cryptogenic, typical for girls 3-6 years old, the infection penetrates into the internal organs through the vagina. A few years later, the microflora of the vagina is established and prevents the penetration of pathogenic microbes. This form of inflammation of the peritoneum immediately manifests acute pain in the abdomen and high fever.
Helping children with inflammation of the peritoneum
The first thing to do is to urgently call the ambulance. Before the arrival of doctors, a child can give a drug that reduces body temperature, based on ibuprofen or paracetamol. In order to lower the heat, the baby's skin can also be treated with alcohol. On the forehead, back of the head and armpits, you can put cold lotions. Further, without the help of specialists, nothing can be done. Physicians to maintain the water-salt balance in the body will deliver a dropper to the child, with the help of salt liquid, glucose, haemodez. If necessary, the child will be given an oxygen mask or medications to facilitate the work of the heart and blood vessels.
Operative treatment of
When inflammation of the peritoneum is mandatory surgical intervention, but on which organs the operation will be performed depends on the form of inflammation of the cavity of the peritoneum, the state of the child and his age. General and local treatment of peritoneal inflammation is performed. The goal of general treatment is to control intoxication and infection, restore the disruption of organs and systems, and local treatment - sanitation of the peritoneum and elimination of the source of infection.