Hemospermia - symptoms, causes, treatment methods and the likelihood of conception
Hemospermia - the presence of blood in the ejaculate.But it is worth noting that this phenomenon does not necessarily indicate a pathology, sometimes blood in the semen can appear in a healthy man.However, more often the presence of blood in the ejaculate is an alarm signal, which indicates the presence of a concomitant disease.Therefore, when the first symptoms appear, it is necessary to consult a specialist and undergo a survey.Table of contents: Causes of hemospermy Classification of pathology Symptoms of hemospermia Diagnosis of hemospermia Methods of treatment of hemospermia Probability of conception
Reasons for hemospermia
The development of hemospermia can be triggered by several reasons.
- Injuries and prostate diseases:
- cancers in the prostate;
- removal of prostatic adenoma by transurethral resection;
- chronic diseases;
- effects of radiation therapy;
- biopsy and its consequences;
- stones in the prostate;
- selection of tissues for analysis.
- Causes caused by diseases of the urethra:
- infectious diseases;
- trauma to the urethra;
- malignant formation or cyst in the area of the urethra;
- diseases that cause constriction of the urethra.
- Pathology of seminal vesicles and development of concomitant diseases
- acquired or congenital cyst of seminal vesicles;
- serious pathologies, such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome;
- diseases and pathologies caused by parasites, eg schistosomiasis, echinococcosis;
- presence in seminal vesicles of protein-polysaccharide elements.
Important! The most common cause of hemospermia is the inflammation of the seminal vesicle and prostate tissue.
Classification of pathology
Hemospermia is divided into primary and secondary.
Primary manifestation of blood in the semen is not compatible with other diseases.There are also no infectious diseases and no organic changes in the body, combined with pathology.In 15% of men, this form manifests itself as a single discharge of blood without disturbing urination.Repeatedly, the blood appears rarely, if it does occur, you need to see a doctor.
Secondary hemospermia develops on the background of performed operations on the genitals, or due to organic changes in the genitourinary system. Secondary form develops when:
- parasitic infections;
Symptoms of hemospermia
Pathology can have the following symptoms:
- the seminal fluid acquires a brownish hue;
- painful urination;
- temperature increase;
- low back pain;
- pain in the scrotum, testicles or groin.
Diagnosis of hemospermia
The doctor conducts a number of studies to establish the cause of the disease and make the correct diagnosis.
The first thing to do is to take three portions of the urinalysis, as well as sowing on the microflora.Then, ultrasound of the prostate gland is prescribed, in which the transrectal sensor is administered by the TRUSY method.
They also take an analysis of the PSA blood, for the presence of a prostatic specific antigen in it.The analysis will determine its concentration, and if it exceeds the allowable values, this may indicate the presence of a malignant tumor in the prostate gland.
Important! PSA analysis is usually prescribed to men over forty.
A cystoscope examination can be used to examine the bladder and urethral cavity.
For full information about the health status of a man, you may need to compose a coagulogram. With it, blood clotting indicators are obtained.This analysis is prescribed if symptoms of hemospermia are observed for more than two months.
An important analysis for the diagnosis is spermogram.With its help, you can identify the presence of pathogens or harmful microorganisms that can provoke inflammation and cause symptoms of hemospermia.
Methods for treatment of hemospermia
Hemospermia is a serious but treatable disease.Qualified diagnosis is the key to successful treatment. Depending on the cause of the pathology, therapeutic and surgical methods of treatment are prescribed. To do this, determine how often a man exhibits signs of hemospermia, the duration of the disease and the age of the patient.
The decision on treatment is taken by a urologist or andrologist on the basis of the results of the examination, in which the causes of hemospermia development are revealed.
Basically, the treatment starts with a course of anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics. If a relapse occurs, a more detailed examination is performed that can accurately determine the cause of the pathology.
Treatment is aimed at not only saving the patient from the symptoms, but also curing the cause of the disease.With successful treatment, a man does not experience pain, which means that supervision of a specialist is not required.
In the chronic form of pathology, a more thorough treatment and constant monitoring of the physician is required.
In addition to traditional methods of treatment, folk are used.The main remedy for this therapy is the red root.From it prepare a decoction or infusion.
For broth take 25 g of crushed red root and pour it with a liter of boiling water.Insist an hour and filter.Take a decoction for half an hour before meals three times a day.
For infusion, take 50 g of red root, pour it with a bottle of vodka and leave for a week.Store in a dark place.Infusion take 3 tsp.before eating.It can also be added to tea.The course of treatment is 3 months.
Important! It should be remembered that one hundred of any folk remedies can have contraindications, so before using, you should consult a specialist.
Probability of conception
By itself hemospermia is not the cause of infertility.However, the causes of the disease can lead to problems with conception.
Therefore it is necessary to pass the diagnosis and begin treatment.If required, undergo a second examination to rule out the likelihood of a relapse.
Radevich Igor Tadeushevich, a sexually-pathological andrologist of the 1st category