Trout: benefit and harm
The name "Trout" unites several species of salmonids.The most famous are lake, rainbow, brook, brown trout, char.There are also exotic species of this fish: Ohrid trout( found in Macedonia), Apache trout, trout from the Japanese Lake Biwa.Each species has its own characteristics and differences.Fish from freshwater reservoirs grow up to 50 cm in length, and sea specimens - up to 100 cm. Trout is often grown first in the sea, and then fattened on special fish farms.Fish are sold in the weight of 1.5 - 2 kg at the age of about two years.
Nutritional value trout
- Calories: 88.0 kcal
- Proteins: 17.5 g
- Fat: 2.0 g
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- chlorine: 165.0 mg
- Sulfur: 175.0 mg
- Vitamin PP( niacin equivalent): 2,905 mg
- Iron: 0.7 mg
- Zinc: 0.7 mg
- Copper: 109 μg
- Manganese: 0.15 mg
- Ce12.6 μg
- Chromium: 55 μg
- Fluoride: 430 μg
- Molybdenum: 4 μg
- Nickel: 6 μg
The trout contains micro- and macronutrients( iron, copper, zinc, manganese,Chromium, selenium, molybdenum, fluorine, nickel, sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iodine, potassium, sulfur, chlorine), vitamins( A, E, D, PP), polyunsaturated fatty acids, amino acids.
Benefits of trout for the human body
Trout is a unique fish.It can not exist in a polluted pond, so eating it is absolutely safe.With the help of this fish, even the diagnostics of the aquatic environment is carried out( in the presence of toxic substances trout perishes).But the useful properties of trout can be listed for a long time.
Omega-3 fatty acids regulate the level of cholesterol in the body, promote brain activity, improve the state of the nervous system.
According to multilateral studies, regular consumption of trout has a beneficial effect on the health of cancer patients, in addition, the frequent intake of this fish in food serves as the prevention of cancer.
Trout helps to normalize pressure, improve memory, overcome depression.It saturates the body with vitamins and microelements, reduces the likelihood of atherosclerosis, improves performance, eliminates fatigue, apathy.Phosphorus gives the person vivacity and energy.
Trout is very important for all categories of citizens, especially the benefits of its use for a growing child's body.This fish is also useful for pregnant women.
Trout: Harm and Contraindications
Fish refers to perishable products.If the storage is incorrect or very long, it may deteriorate.Therefore, it should be very carefully chosen and quickly eaten.
In the fillet of a river trout, parasites can be found, so it is important to have a good roasting( or long boil).If you plan to cook sea trout, be sure to remove the head.It is not used for food, since it is here that various harmful substances are collected that are present in the habitat of fish.
Trout is a low-calorie product, so it may not provide full saturation, such as meat.However, this is a disadvantage only for lovers of a dense dinner.Those who follow the figure, will certainly be satisfied - dieticians recommend eating trout for weight loss.
What can be prepared from trout: recipes and recommendations
Trout is a delicacy fish with a very delicate taste, it literally melts in the mouth.The color of this fish can be white, yellowish or slightly pinkish( depending on food, water composition).Traditionally, the trout is baked on the grill, fried, used to make soups.In the Caucasian cuisine, trout are stewed in wine sauce, adding various vegetables, fruits, spices.If you pickle this fish in vinegar, it gets a blue tint.In Japan, trout are preferred to smoke, salt and canned.
Smoked trout is perfectly combined with French champagne and wine, with a light beer.Baked and fried fish is served with white German wines( rinwein, riesling).
Most of all, trout are caught, caught in natural conditions( in mountain rivers, lakes, streams).However, fish grown on a farm are also considered dietary and very useful.